Anxious people have anomalies in the manner their brain manages emotions automatically. Anxiety, for instance, is characterized by extreme emotions of fear as well as uncertainty; persons suffering from the disease dwell in a condition of constant anxiety and frequently battle to cope with their everyday lives. Patients are anxious and worried and react disproportionately to emotionally unfavorable stimuli. Negative emotions might arise as a result of a particular stimulus, such as an overwhelming workload. Negative emotions may also be a product of our beliefs about an incident; how we perceive what occurred might change how we perceive the incident and whether or not it produces tension. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the analyses of anxiety from the perspective of personality psychology, emotions and stress, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, and giving ways in which people can cope with anxiety and stress.
The Perspective of Personality Psychology
Personality influences every area of human conduct. As a result, it is reasonable to anticipate it to exert an effect on anxiety. Neuroticism, a character trait defined by a person’s propensity to feel unpleasant emotions, particularly in reaction to anxiety, is proven to predict numerous types of psychopathologies, especially drug misuse, emotional problems, and anxiety (Mann, Krueger, & Vohs, 2020). Neuroticism has been the propensity to experience unpleasant emotions, with higher scores indicating a greater predisposition to encounter negative feelings and lower numbers indicating an even more emotionally balanced character. People who score high in neuroticism may be suffering from continuous unpleasant feelings. High scoring is persons who are emotional, apprehensive, and worried, and they constantly worry.
The pandemic’s effect, along with the approaching phases of re-entry, has increased the percentage of persons experiencing an increased degree of social anxiety and social melancholy. By the close of 2020, people had exhibited symptoms of sadness or anxiety. Introverted people are calmer as well as more self-reflective, whereas extroverts have always been outgoing and chatty. Extroverts, predictably, enjoy social situations, whereas introverts prefer quiet pursuits. Naturally, the epidemic would appeal to introverts while having a negative effect on extroverts. Anxiety affects not just introverts but also extroverts. Anxiety has been a common occurrence in the lifestyles of several introverts. Anxiety has become more frequent in introverts compared to extroverts. Anxiety can be apparent at times (consider panic episodes and sweaty hands), but it is not constantly the situation. Most people suffer from “high-functioning anxiety.” They seem to get it together on the outside (KETITNI, 2019). They could even have a really successful life. Externally, nobody can ever know that they are driven by anxiety. Often, they are not even aware of it. Extroverts are recognized for being collected, cool, and calm throughout most social circumstances, but this does not imply they are resistant to anxiousness as a consequence of social contact. Extroverts may experience social anxiety, albeit it could have a different shape than introverts.
The Perspective of Emotions and Stress
Anxiety has often been an experienced secondary emotion. This secondary emotion becomes one that occurs in substitute of yet another emotion that the individual finds challenging to express and convey. The first responses people have been referred to are primary emotions. Anxiety, for instance, could be a secondary feeling to anger, envy, pain, disappointment, shame, and sorrow. One could feel two secondary feelings simultaneously, such as rage and worry. In theory, defending oneself with secondary feelings safeguards people from needing to cope with more nuanced and challenging sentiments. Nevertheless, people may easily mistakenly believe that a scenario or happening has rendered them nervous or furious when the real emotion is something else.
The majority of people will suffer anxiety and stress at a certain time in their life. Based on the intensity, they might negatively influence an individual’s life quality. Anxiety and stress have most of the common emotional and physical signs, such as discomfort, tension, migraines, hypertension, and sleeplessness (Butler et al., 2018). Anxiety is commonly triggered by stress, as well as it is critical to identify anxiety signs early to avoid the onset of severe anxiety disease. The three-stage procedure that defines the physiological alterations that the individual undergoes when stressed is known as General Adaptation Syndrome. Alert, resistance, and tiredness are the phases. Because it is impossible to eliminate all stressors, it is critical to learn how to manage with anxiety (Sánchez-Rodríguez, Orsini, Laflaquière, Callahan & Séjourné, 2019). Recognizing the signs as well as phases of stress will enable people to take the necessary actions to control their stress and reduce the chance of complications. It is critical for the system to mend and heal throughout the resistance phase. If individuals do not, the chances of being exhausted increase.
The Perspective of Clinical Psychology
Anxiety is a common stress response, as well as it might be advantageous in some situations. It can alert us of potential dangers and help us prepare and pay more attention. The existence of severe fear or tension distinguishes anxiety diseases from normal feelings of unease or worry. Anxiety illnesses are perhaps the most common kind of mental disease, impacting around 30 percent of people at some point in their life. People who struggle from anxiety illnesses may try to avoid situations that trigger as well as amplify their emotions. Professional life, educational achievement, and interpersonal relationships may all suffer the consequences (Ströhle, Gensichen, & Domschke, 2018). Anxiety disorders are divided into several types, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder.
The triggers of anxiety disorders are currently unknown; nevertheless, they are most probably due to a combination of biological, ecological, psychological, as well as behavioral characteristics. Anxiety disorders can be passed down across families, showing that the illnesses are transmitted by a combination of genetic and ecological causes. If a person is diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, a mental health professional can assist them in obtaining the most appropriate medication. Although every anxiety disorder is unique, the majority respond successfully to two types of treatment: talk therapy, also referred to as “psychotherapy,” and medications. These treatments can be given singly or in combination.
The Perspective of Developmental Psychology
Attachment anxiety is anxiety regarding the connections with dear ones, such as family, colleagues, and spouses. It is usually the result of childhood events. Secure bonds to caregivers are necessary for healthy growth. Poor connection in the formative years may have long-term consequences. These bonds can also last into maturity and have a detrimental impact on adult interactions. Children as early as a few months old might exhibit indicators of behavioral dysregulation (including a racing heart as well as the dread of strangers) that have been related to future attachment issues (Read, Clark, Rock & Coventry, 2018). On the other hand, attachment anxiety might be caused by events in early life or afterward in adulthood. Overprotective guardians, violence, or negligence are examples of these. In regards to survivability, attachment aids in safeguarding a child.
Anxious temperament among children might be a caution indicator. Children who are terribly timid and frightened are more susceptible to developing anxiety illnesses and depression throughout adulthood and also are more susceptible to use alcohol as well as other substances to self-medicate. Anxiety temperament has been hereditary in proportion and is linked to a specific brain area engaged in emotions (Oniszczenko, 2021). Kids with an anxious temperament sometimes freeze up whenever they approach a stranger and perhaps a social setting that they view as scary. Even though the amygdala is well recognized for controlling anxiety, the genetic effect on anxiety temperament is felt in the front hippocampus.
How to Cope with Anxiety
Using stress reduction and relaxation strategies. Relaxation methods such as visualizing, meditating, as well as yoga, are forms of anxiety-relieving practices. Establishing sleep as a top priority. One must do all possible to ensure that they receive adequate sleep to be refreshed. If a person is having trouble sleeping, they should see a doctor. Discovering more about the illness. Speak with a healthcare professional to determine what triggers the specific problem and what therapies are appropriate for the situation. Engage friends and relatives and solicit their assistance. Adhere to the medication regimen. Take drugs exactly as prescribed. Maintain treatment visits and complete all tasks assigned by the counselor. Whenever it concerns handling medication, consistency may make all the difference.
Anxiety is characterized by extreme emotions of fear as well as uncertainty; persons suffering from the disease dwell in a condition of constant anxiety and frequently battle to cope with their everyday lives. Neuroticism is a character trait defined by a person’s propensity to feel unpleasant emotions, particularly in reaction to anxiety, is proven to predict numerous types of psychopathologies, especially drug misuse, emotional problems, and anxiety. Anxiety affects not just introverts but also extroverts. Anxiety has been a common occurrence in the lifestyles of several introverts. secondary emotion becomes one that occurs in substitute of yet another emotion that the individual finds challenging to express and convey. Attachment anxiety is anxiety regarding the connections with dear ones, such as family, colleagues, and spouses. It is usually the result of childhood events. Anxious temperament among children might be a caution indicator. Using stress reduction and relaxation strategies, making sleep a priority, having knowledge of the disorder, and adhering to medication plans, will help one cope with anxiety.
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