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Result and Discussion Section

What must be included in the result and discussion section

In the research section, results and discussion chapters often comprise the most essential parts. These sections denote the accomplishments or achievements of the researcher and show that the researcher carried out the research to completion. The results section offers the findings from experiments and research collected from the project, where these results are often discussed or put into a clear perspective in the discussion section. The discussion section thus offers enough meaning to the results found in the study (Al-Shujairi, 2021). In the results and discussions section, the following elements must be included: first are the results. These are the findings necessary for the study and are often presented clearly and concisely with visuals, tables, and graphs that assist readers in understanding the results; the other key element is interpretation, which offers an explanation or significance of the results. The interpretation compares and validates the findings to the hypothesis of the research and research questions as well as existing literature (Al-Shujairi, 2021). Limitations are another critical element. It includes the disadvantages of the study, including sample size, measurement tools, and research design. Another critical element is implications, which are the practical implications of findings for the field and actual practice. It defines how the findings contribute to our understanding of the topic and how they can be used for future results (Al-Shujairi, 2021). Future research is another vital element that describes the areas for future research that are made based on the limitations and implications of the research. The conclusion element offers a summary of significant findings and their importance and offers the main contribution of the research to the field of practice.

An essential aspect of the introduction to the findings section of a research paper is a restatement of the study’s research problem. This is aimed to re-center the reader on the research question after they’ve read a summary of the relevant literature and an account of the procedures utilized to collect and analyze data. In addition to text, a research report could also incorporate visual aids like tables, charts, and graphs to present the results of the study (Toronto & Remington, 2020). This gives a visual depiction of the main conclusions rather than relying just on descriptive language, which might need to be more intelligible to other specialists in some cases. It’s an excellent tool for compiling a lot of data in one location for easy access and citation in the body of writing. If many elements need more textual in the document, appendices may be a good idea. Also crucial in this part is providing a logical synopsis of the results, drawing the reader’s focus to the findings that are most germane to the discussion at hand (Toronto & Remington, 2020). Because not all results from the technique used may be relevant to addressing the research question, it’s crucial to include critical observations made during the data-gathering process. Finally, a paragraph summarizing the most important conclusions from the study finishes the section on results. This section provides a brief overview of the most critical findings the reader should consider before moving on to the discussion section (Al-Shujairi, 2021). The discussion includes an analysis of the findings’ reliability, usefulness, and applicability. It should focus heavily on summarizing and analyzing the data acquired, demonstrating how it relates to the reviewed literature and the stated research objectives, and building a case for the conclusion. A good rule of thumb is to avoid using biased thinking at all costs, as it is usually clouded by confusion and uncertainty.

Research results; inclusion of elements

Ward et al. (2019) published a study projecting the prevalence of adult obesity and severe obesity throughout each of the 50 states in the United States, and their findings were used in this study. The presented data are consistent with the procedures used to complete the study. Despite lacking a thesis statement, the writers have presented their findings in a logical order that facilitates the reader’s understanding of the information presented at any given stage of the research process. Ward et al. (2019) also effectively utilized maps to depict the predicted prevalence of obesity in different states by 2030. Because they combine the theoretical representation of the study findings, which might be pretty complex to comprehend, these representations via map are straightforward to understand. The authors also provide a helpful memory jog by introducing the research strategies they employed at the beginning of the discussion section. Consequently, the results of the study conducted by Ward et al. (2019) mainly meet the requirements for the results section. In conclusion, the findings and discussion portions of a research report are equally crucial and intertwined. Thus, researchers should present all relevant portions of the results and discussion to assist the reader in understanding the significance of the research.


Al-Shujairi, Y. (2021). Review of the discussion section of research articles: Rhetorical structure and move. LSP International Journal8(2), 9-25.

Toronto, C. E., & Remington, R. (2020). Discussion and conclusion. A step-by-step guide to conducting an integrative review, 71-84.

Ward, Z. J., Bleich, S. N., Cradock, A. L., Barrett, J. L., Giles, C. M., Flax, C., … & Gortmaker, S. L. (2019). Projected US state-level prevalence of adult obesity and severe obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(25), 2440-2450.


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