Obesity is a significant public health issue, especially prevalent among school-age children. Obesity and overweight children may be prevented and managed with a combination of physical exercise and a good diet. Dietary habits may be improved via health education. When given health instruction, children are less likely to eat unhealthy meals and more likely to eat good ones. Participation in physical exercise is also linked to health education. School-aged children are less likely to lead inactive lives when shown the advantages of physical exercise. Because health education is delivered in a classroom setting, it catalyzes behavioural change at the school level (Verjans-Janssen et al., 2018). Children’s nutritional awareness influences dietary choices.
It is critical to assess the availability of resources to undertake a health education program in a school setting. Because health education must be incorporated into an established curriculum in a school setting, time is a valuable resource. For the program to succeed, the government must give it enough time. Providing health education material necessitates the availability of personnel. Teachers, on the other hand, must be educated in health education. As a result, leadership support is critical in promoting the health promotion program at all organizational levels. Those in positions of authority may serve as change agents who encourage others to join in.
Health promotion relies heavily on the use of technology. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) significantly impact how restorative material is delivered. Students will be more engaged when teachers have access to electronic tools (Sliwa et al., 2019). Indeed, it is essential to have participants invested in the health promotion program as a whole. Teachers and students must be actively involved in the health promotion program to succeed. The execution of the health promotion program should include input from stakeholders.
Age, nationality, and race all have a role in implementing health education programs. In the first place, they influence the resources utilized to convey the information. The program’s material will likely be tailored to fit the educational demands of school-aged youngsters (Hales et al., 2018). Ethnic and cultural variations affect nutrition, which is influenced by demographics. Physical activity venues are more difficult to come by for those with lower socioeconomic status. The company’s culture also influences change. The planned change may be met with opposition because of the culture. On the other side, it might be a positive factor in the transformation. Indeed, the institution’s values, norms, and attitudes are a significant factor in the success of change implementation. Assessment of the culture helps to identify potential roadblocks to implementing change. The political challenges relating to implementing initiatives in public schools are another critical consideration (Luybli et al., 2019). Government policy-makers and interest organizations may influence programs to educate kids and modify their attitudes about certain meals. Furthermore, local organizations may protest the financing of such a program because of their political views.
Interventions that have been proven to be successful include teaching staff acting as role-models and delivering the intervention, educational policies that support the availability of healthier meal options as well as limiting unhealthy snacks and recess rules that encourage more physical activity, as well as coursework, meetings, engaging and insightful material and enlisting parents’ participation (Saglam, & Unal, 2019). Cooperation with local stakeholders and child-friendly incentives were proven to boost efficacy. As a result of these findings, programs that centred only on instructional sessions and materials for parents were shown to be less beneficial. Increasing the acceptability of the intervention in particular or vulnerable demographic groups has been recommended via cultural modifications.
Hales, c. M., Fryar, c. D., Carroll, m. D., freedman, d. S., & Ogden, c. L. (2018). Trends in obesity and severe obesity prevalence in us youth and adults by sex and age, 2007-2008 to 2015-2016. Jama, 319(16), 1723-1725.
Luybli, m., schmillen, h., & sotos-prieto, m. (2019). School-based interventions in low socioeconomic settings to reduce obesity outcomes among preschoolers: a scoping review. Nutrients, 11(7), 1518.
Saglam, m., & unal, m. (2019). Investigating the correlation of parental attitudes with eating behaviours of children in the early childhood period. Research in pedagogy, 9(2), 151-166.
Sliwa, s. A., calvert, h. G., Williams, h. P., & Turner, l. (2019). Prevalence and types of school‐based out‐of‐school time programs at elementary schools and implications for student nutrition and physical activity. Journal of school health, 89(1), 48-58.
Verjans-Janssen, s. R., van de kolk, i., van kann, d. H., kremers, s. P., & gerards, s. M. (2018). Effectiveness of school-based physical activity and nutrition interventions with direct parental involvement on children’s BMI and energy balance-related behaviours–a systematic review. Plos one, 13(9), e0204560.