Sex and aging are essential factors in the life of human beings, with a practical approach directed to physical, biological, and social aspects of human life. (Kiely et al., 2019) reveals the connection between human health and aging factors contributing to gender disparities. The authors examine and evaluate the significance of gender and aging factors in old age. Aging is an essential factor in analyzing individuals’ masculine and feminine health by comparing the older and younger generations. In the United Kingdom (UK), gender and aging patterns depend on socio-economic and cultural practices (Keeble, 2018). Factors affecting aging and gender patterns in the UK are cultural values, different gender roles, and social norms (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019).
Social and sexual aspects should be emphasized while evaluating individuals’ conceptual aging and sex in the UK. The authors focus on assessing the differences between women’s and men’s health by identifying factors affecting their longevity, health, and well-being (Keeble, 2018). These factors are economic, physiological, social, and cultural changes in society.
Aging is a significant factor in evaluating the general aspects of longevity in the lives of men and women. Various social factors define illness, biological and aging markers determine age in men (Kiely et al., 2019). Gender equality is significant in evaluating similarities in aging between men and women, thus emphasizing general factors affecting both sexes (Sihto &Van 2021). In the UK, various health conditions such as cataracts, hearing loss, muscular pains, and chronic pulmonary diseases are significant indicators of old age in men. The aging population of men in the country experiences multiple conditions concurrently hence the need for adequate healthcare (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019). The old-age generation of men faces several underlying health challenges such as frailty, urinal problems, and high blood pressure more than women.
In the UK, factors such as socio-economic dependency are critical in evaluating the general health of men (Kiely et al., 2019). By assessing factors contributing to aging, the authors reveal that gender differences are not constant hence significantly contributing to the health and well-being of men more than women in the country (Keeble, 2018). Current statistics reveal that the difference in aging between men and women in the UK is 4.8 years, with men aging faster than women (Kiely et al., 2019). The increased aging rate in men is higher than in women due to gender roles and socio-economical responsibilities. Medical factors such as illness are also significant contributors to aging, with most men aging faster than women.
Through various research and studies, the authors reveal physical and social variations affecting the aging population of men in the UK. These variations establish barriers affecting healthy behavior, decisions, and opportunities. These barriers are always impediments to healthy living among the aging men in the country hence the need for a quality home space environment (Lain et al., 2018). The public health act in the UK states that home spaces established for older men need to prolong their longevity. Gender equality should be a determining factor in selecting an efficient environment and home space for older men.
Efficient and quality home spaces should be significant in maintaining healthy behaviors among the aging population of men. Maintaining healthy behaviors promotes men’s physical and mental capacity, hence reducing dependency care. The authors reveal that supportive social and physical environments are very significant in the gender development among older men regardless of the challenges they face (Kiely et al., 2019). The British labor laws mandate Caregivers to establish adequate home spaces, thus changing the social meaning of home among the aging generation. The changing of the social importance of home spaces promotes efficient adaptability of men’s physical and mental growth (Keeble, 2018).
In the UK, the workforce’s aging population is associated with robust experience; however, the aging workforce faces deterioration of expertise. Demographic trends and predictions of the labor market in the UK reveal that in the following decades, nearly one out of seven people will be above the age of 75 years. These trends and predictions state that there will be deterioration of skills in the workplace due to the high aging population. The author says that an increased aging population among men leads to low productivity since the aging population of men can not accomplish specific tasks on time (Keeble, 2018).
Labor laws in the UK define work and employment as substantial aspects since they generate income for individuals (Sihto et al., 2021). Both men and women employed do work to earn a living hence adequately sustaining themselves. The labor laws state that the aging workers need special attention for sustainable perspective and productivity performance (Lain et al., 2018).
In the United Kingdom, retirement from employment means the end of a worker’s social role. Generally, most workers retire from sixty years and above, thus meaning they are inefficient to work. Statistics reveal that retirement establishes an existential crisis for men more than women. Most retired men in Europe are depressed more than their counterparts in the USA due to strict retirement laws hence changing their lifestyles (Keeble, 2018). These men are affected by the existential challenges of retirement, thus developing chronic illness due to low energy levels in the body.
Multiple life roles men equip them for better retirement life than women due to their flexibility and gender responsibilities in the country. Notably, men overcome decision paralysis, decreasing self-trust and identity disruption since they can develop retirement programs and structures (Borsch & Sherpenzeel, 2019). These programs and facilities enable men to critically self-nurture their relationships and actualize themselves more than men in other countries (Keeble, 2018). The authors present how actively men in the UK are involved in robust financial planning than their counterparts in other European countries (Borsch & Sherpenzeel, 2019). Most research reveals that men in the UK are more financially literate than their counterparts in Germany due to the effective retirement programs in the country.
Changes in social roles and lifestyle among aging men are significant challenges since most cannot cope with life after retirement (Wainwright et al., 2018). This prompts men to continue working after retirement more than women to maintain their social, biological, and physical lifestyles. The UK labor laws encourage working after retirement rather than individuals exploiting their pension schemes and retirement benefits that are inadequate due to the high costs of living (Keeble, 2018). Retirement is a mandatory aspect for every aging individual hence the need for better retirement pension plans.
Most men in the UK working after retirement face unexpected wild cats that shape their lifestyles in undesirable directions. The author reveals how to solve psychological challenges associated with retirement and the loss of jobs in Europe (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019). Notably, most retirees who apply financial adjustments in their pension schemes can live better social lifestyles, thus increasing their longevity.
The aging gap between 60-85 years forms a significant employment cohort rapidly increasing in the UK. Most men opt to work for longer years to maintain their social and physical lifestyles (Wainwright et al., 2018). The ability to endure life challenges enables the aging population to work continuously, thus achieving purposeful societal relationships by developing a sense of direction (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019).
The labor laws in Europe encourage men to predominantly work due to broad experience and expertise lacking in the young people, thus transforming the workplace into robust institutions. The significance of the aging population in the UK is critical in establishing employment reforms favoring both the young and the older generation due to experience (Keeble, 2018). The gender factor in these workplaces is a significant factor, with most institutions admitting many older men more than women due to the capability and ability of individuals (Sihto & Van 2018). Age discrimination in the UK begins as early as 35 years due to the experience of older workers. Most workers above thirty-five years are mature and capable of handling multiple tasks compared to their fellows below this age bracket, thus prompting discrimination in the workplace (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019). Employees below thirty-five years in the country mostly perform junior roles in the workplace, thus encouraging discrimination among the aging population hence reducing productivity in the workplace (Kiely et al., 2019).
Aging workers in Europe often experience discrimination in the workplace, thus leading to favoritism, hiring, and firing of their colleagues (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019). Aging discrimination in the UK occurs in various institutions hence demotivating workers. In different parts of the country, most male workers, due to age, are discriminated against in hiring and promotion procedures, thus establishing discomfort in the workplace. Some older male employees are fired and handled differently from their colleagues due to their age (Borsch & Scherpenzeel, 2019). Gender is a factor in aging at the workplace, with many aging men being discriminated against more than women. Most employers in the UK regard aging men as inefficient more than men (Kiely et al., 2019).
There are no aging people in Europe, specifically in the UK, since the old individuals have mental and physical abilities compared to thirty-year-old individuals. Some individuals among the younger generations experience physical and mental inabilities hence declining overall productivity at the workplace. Notably, public health officials in the UK need to address the needs of both the aging and the younger population, respectively (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019). Society needs to be enlightened in embracing older people, and they should not be assumed as a burden (Lain et al., 2018). The physical and social environment of the aging men needs to be improved for better health and personal relationships. Public health officials need to maintain and establish policies regulating aging gender in society. These policies should influence globalization and technological advancements affecting the aging population. The United Nations declaration that 2021-2030 should be a Decade of Healthy Ageing need to be implemented by the World Health Organization to foster longer and healthier lives among this generation (Borsh & Sherpenzeel, 2019).
Ballard, K. D., Elston, M. A., & Gabe, J. (2009). Private and public aging in the UK. current Sociology, 57(2), 269-290. ttps://doi.org/10.1177/0011392108099166
Börsch-Supan, A., & Scherpenzeel, A. (2019). The survey of health, aging, and retirement in Europe. encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging, 1-7. ttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_348-1
Kiely, K. M., Brady, B., & Byles, J. (2019). Gender, mental health, and aging. maturity, 129, 76-84. ttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2019.09.004
Lain, D., Airey, L., Loretto, W., & Vickerstaff, S. (2018). understanding older worker precarity: The intersecting domains of jobs, households, and the welfare state. aging and society, 39(10), 2219-2241. ttps://doi.org/10.1017/s0144686x18001253
Mjelde-Mossey, L. A. (2012). acing age: Women growing older in an anti-aging culture, by Laura H. Clarke. Journal of Women & Aging, 24(1), 91-93. ttps://doi.org/10.1080/08952841.2012.638881
Sihto, T., & Van Aerschot, L. (2021). Care poverty within the home space: Exploring the emotional experiences of unmet care needs. frontiers in Sociology, 6. ttps://doi.org/10.3389/fsoc.2021.637799
Wainwright, D., Crawford, J., Loretto, W., Phillipson, C., Robinson, M., Shepherd, S., Vickerstaff, S., & Weyman, A. (2018). extending working life and the management of change. S the workplace ready for the aging worker? aging and society, 39(11), 2397-2419. ttps://doi.org/10.1017/s0144686x18000569
Keeble-Ramsay, D. (2018). Exploring the concept of ‘Positive aging’ in the UK workplace—A literature review. Geriatrics, 3(4), 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3040072