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Religion, Culture, and Terrorism


Terrorism is a long-standing occurrence in humanity’s civilization. It has been a part of social behavior for over 2000 years; however, no worldwide agreement was made on what constitutes terrorist acts. However, the most widely accepted definition is the use of or potential danger of using] attacks on civilians to achieve political goals. Thus, terrorism differs from other types of disputes in that it is increasingly focused on political goals.

Islamic Link to Criminal Behavior

There has been a close link between terrorism activities and the Islamic culture. Religion and culture are nearly indistinguishable, and Islamic terrorist organizations take advantage of this relationship to start operating in two worlds. The first is the spiritual realm. Conflict is depicted first and primarily as a consecrated act or spiritual duty, accepted out in direct reaction to some religious demand or essential element. Another realm is ethnicity, in which society offers the community stability needed to legitimize religiously-motivated terrorist acts. However, terrorism is not, by description, an Islamic occurrence (Andersen & Sandberg, 2020). The major reason for this is that Islam provides both the spiritual environment in which terrorist activity can thrive, and the cultural context wherein societies can recognize and sponsor terrorism.

Islamic Role in Transnational Crimes

It is impossible to know regardless of whether the religious view is the principal cause of terrorism. The fact that spirituality is an essential part of Islamic society, on the other hand, creates favorable conditions for the growing issue of religious violence. Therefore, it is critical to understand specific principles of Islamic culture in understanding the motivations that may lead to terrorism (Froio, 2018). For example, the glory of ancient potent Islamic empires plays a major role in Muslims’ wish to resuscitate Islam’s glory days.

Impact on systems of justice

In terms of the criminal justice system, the Muslim population is a vastly understudied disadvantaged society, which is ironic considering that their stigmatization stems from anti-Muslim prejudices depicting Muslim people as terrorist groups and stereotyping by security forces. The media gives society based on cultural cues to describe and explain about these inhabitants. On the other hand, the media portrays law enforcement as evil ones who engage in racial hatred due to recent cases of police misbehavior and use of power when conversing with racial minorities residents, particularly Black people (Froio, 2018). The relationships among minority populations and the criminal justice, especially the noticeable industry of the justice system, must be researched to improve this trust and develop better, safer, and powerful societies.

 Role that Socialization and Religion Play in Shaping the Beliefs of this Culture

Socialization involves training new social interactions by teaching them the group values, value systems, religious views, and behavior patterns of a group. The purpose of socialization is to familiarize people with the standards of a particular group or society. In addition, it aims at preparing to interact with new people by demonstrating the firm’s anticipations. Socialization is critical for children, who begin it at home with their families and at school. They are supposed to teach what is anticipated about them as they grow into productive citizens. Religion encompasses human beings’ relationship to supernatural, spiritual aspects of life. Religious beliefs are among the most prevalent ways to demonstrate their devotion or respect for a specific religion (Klingenberg & Sjö, 2019). Such procedures can include but are not restricted to rituals, compromises, prayer, art, memorializing the dead, visiting religious institutions, and many others, extending into various aspects of human society that we observe and encounter daily.


In conclusion, the word terrorism is not mentioned in the Qur’an. On the other hand, religious sages use religious practice to satisfy modern political components and achieve goals through understanding current technologies. These spiritual sages use fatwas and particular religion to justify actions as a required way of meeting reality’s needs. Terrorists seek refuge in religion that defines goals; they seek physical or mental refuge from suppression. They may also utilize religious practice as a major tool for protest and legislative movements. As a result, religion is used by Muslim terrorists to defend their decisions and also provide moral interpretations for their dehumanizing actions.


Andersen, J. C., & Sandberg, S. (2020). Islamic State propaganda: Between social movement framing and subcultural provocation. Terrorism and Political Violence32(7), 1506-1526.

Froio, C. (2018). Race, religion, or culture? Framing Islam between Racism and neo-racism in the online network of the French far-right. Perspectives on Politics16(3), 696-709.

Klingenberg, M., & Sjö, S. (2019). Theorizing religious socialization: a critical assessment.


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