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Proposal for an Interdisciplinary Plan

Because of the correlation between overcrowding and increased hospital lengths of stay and poor health outcomes and patient satisfaction, Mercy Hospital is working to optimize its Emergency Department’s operations. An interdisciplinary strategy for improved patient outcomes is offered to help reach this objective. A team of doctors, nurses, administrators, and support personnel from places like the ER, radiology, lab, and IT will be working together to implement this strategy. The team will do a needs analysis to see what can be done to make things better, such as cutting down on wait times and improving lines of communication.

The team plans on establishing a rapid response team to manage critical patients, adopting electronic medical records to streamline documentation and ordering, standardizing protocols for common procedures, and using real-time dashboards to track patient flow. The plan’s efficacy and the results of these actions will be monitored and evaluated regularly by the multidisciplinary team. To ensure the planned changes are well-received and sustainable, we will regularly ask for input from patients, clinicians, and employees (Zhang, et al, 2019).

Therefore, the multidisciplinary approach proposed by Mercy Hospital suggests cross-departmental cooperation to enhance ED efficiency. Implementing the plan’s many interventions and receiving continuous feedback from all involved is crucial to its success. The strategy will make Mercy Hospital the first option for emergency treatment by enhancing patient happiness and experience via better patient flow and results.


The department intends to employ the Plan-Do-Study-Act framework to foster collaboration among various specialties within the department and deliberate on modifications aimed at enhancing the department’s operational efficiency. The implementation of this model will enable the department to sustain modifications and engage in cooperation to enhance patient contentment, results, and operational efficiency.

Inquiry and Hypotheses

  1. What is the definition of an acceptable and efficient workflow in the Emergency Department? Efficient workflow in the department can be inferred from reduced wait times and improved patient outcomes. While certain individuals seek medical attention for non-urgent matters, others require prompt care, and extended wait times may have adverse effects on their prognosis.
  1. What modifications are necessary to the schedule to account for the department’s busiest periods? The current nursing schedule comprises 5 nurses for the day shift, 6 nurses for the mid-shift, and 5 nurses for the night shift. Ideally, the distribution of mid-shifts would be optimized to better accommodate peak periods, and one nurse from the night shift would be reassigned to a later mid-shift.
  1. What are the methods for establishing provider order clusters?
  2. Develop a comprehensive protocol for organizing patient information, including both presenting patients and all other patients. An instance of chest pain may prompt medical professionals to conduct diagnostic tests such as electrocardiography (EKG), laboratory analyses, chest radiography, and urine specimen collection. Upon the patient’s arrival at triage exhibiting the aforementioned symptoms, the nurse may proceed to input a per-protocol order. Subsequently, during the patient’s examination, the physician may supplement the orders while in the presence of the patient.

Change theories and leadership.

The Plan-Do-Study-Act model that has been suggested is consistent with the change theory of continuous quality improvement (Fox, et al, 2023). This theory emphasizes the need for continuous collaboration, evaluation, and feedback to achieve long-term improvement. The aforementioned approach is indicative of a transformational leadership style, wherein leaders collaborate with teams to recognize issues and execute solutions that result in favorable outcomes.

To effectively execute the suggested interdisciplinary strategy, leaders must foster an environment that prioritizes cooperation, openness, and responsibility. It is recommended that organizations cultivate transparent communication channels and promote a culture of idea-sharing and feedback among their employees. A crucial aspect of proficient leadership is the provision of resources, training, and support to facilitate the staff’s ability to adjust to changes and attain desired results. Effective leadership entails not only fostering a collaborative culture and providing essential resources but also ensuring that personnel comprehends the reasoning behind proposed modifications and their alignment with the organization’s overarching mission and objectives. Leaders must furnish unambiguous direction and assistance to facilitate the efficient implementation of changes by the staff. This may involve imparting training, education, and coaching.

It is imperative to establish unambiguous metrics for gauging the efficacy of the plan and to oversee the advancement made over a period. Leaders must collaborate closely with their interdisciplinary team to ascertain the most crucial performance indicators, and consistently evaluate advancement towards these objectives. Consistent provision of feedback and periodic reporting of outcomes can facilitate the identification of potential areas for enhancement and guarantee the team’s adherence to the overarching goals of the strategy.

Leaders must cultivate a sense of ownership and accountability among their staff to guarantee that all individuals are committed to the triumph of the strategy.

One possible approach is to establish incentive or recognition initiatives that acknowledge the efforts of individuals or groups in achieving the objectives of the plan. Ensuring that personnel meet performance benchmarks and comply with established protocols is of utmost importance. Finally, leaders must be ready to modify the plan in response to feedback and evaluation outcomes. The process of continuous quality improvement necessitates a perpetual assessment and enhancement, and those in positions of leadership must exhibit a readiness to implement modifications as necessary to guarantee the durability and efficacy of the strategy. The proficiency of leadership is contingent upon the capacity to recognize opportunities for enhancement, exhibit adaptability, and make necessary modifications.

Therefore, the effective execution of an interdisciplinary strategy necessitates transformational leadership and a continuous quality improvement methodology. Leaders can create a conducive environment for staff to contribute to the success of the plan by promoting a culture of collaboration, transparency, and accountability. Continuous assessment and constructive criticism will facilitate the team in making well-informed judgments and adapting the strategy as necessary to attain the intended results.

The strategy of team collaboration.

The successful implementation of any plan aimed at improving and enhancing workflow efficiency in the Emergency Department is contingent upon effective interdisciplinary collaboration. The utilization of specific strategies can enhance efficacious teamwork among team members (Aldea, 2020). Establishing clear communication channels is a crucial factor in promoting effective teamwork. This allows all members of the team to communicate efficiently and without ambiguity. It is recommended to provide a range of communication modalities, such as in-person interactions, email, and instant messaging platforms.

The facilitation of collaboration can be attained by engaging team members in the process of decision-making, commonly referred to as collaborative decision-making. It is recommended to solicit input and ideas from all team members and incorporate their suggestions into the plan. Establishing a shared set of goals and objectives among team members is a crucial aspect of effective teamwork. The process of setting goals and objectives that align with the department’s requirements and ensuring that all team members have a clear understanding of their responsibilities and duties in achieving them.

It is crucial to establish an environment that is defined by mutual respect and trust among members of a team. Encourage transparent and authentic communication, active reception of information, and empathetic comprehension. Recognizing and memorializing the achievements attained by a collective group is a crucial aspect, while simultaneously acknowledging the individual endeavors that have contributed to the triumph. It is advisable to convene regular team meetings to discuss progress, share up-to-date information, and address any potential obstacles. Furthermore, it is imperative to promote active engagement and ensure fair participation among all team members by affording them a forum to articulate their viewpoints and concerns.

The facilitation of team collaboration is reliant upon the presence of supportive leadership, where leaders assume a crucial responsibility in this regard. Ensuring the availability of leaders is crucial to address inquiries, providing guidance, and offer support to team members. Leaders must provide resources and training opportunities to enable team members to acquire the necessary skills for the attainment of their objectives. To achieve successful team collaboration, it is essential to establish unambiguous communication, engage in collective decision-making, align objectives, demonstrate mutual respect, conduct frequent meetings, and provide supportive leadership. Through the facilitation of collaborative efforts, teams can attain superior results, optimize operational efficacy, and elevate patient contentment.

Necessary Organizational Resources

To execute the interdisciplinary strategy aimed at enhancing workflow efficiency in the Emergency Department, Mercy Hospital will be required to distribute diverse resources throughout the institution. The mandatory resources comprise:

The allocation of adequate human resources to the interdisciplinary team responsible for executing the plan is imperative for the hospital (Aldea, 2020). The aforementioned group comprises medical professionals such as physicians and nurses, as well as administrative personnel and staff members from diverse departments. Their collaborative efforts are crucial in realizing the objectives of the plan.

The implementation of the plan would require the hospital to allocate financial resources. This could encompass financial resources allocated toward the procurement of novel equipment, software, and professional development opportunities for personnel. The implementation of modifications to the Emergency Department’s processes and procedures will necessitate financial resources to cover the associated costs.

The implementation of the plan will require the allocation of information technology resources by the hospital. The potential measures to enhance healthcare delivery may encompass the incorporation of electronic medical records to optimize documentation and order processes, the deployment of real-time dashboards to facilitate patient flow monitoring, and the assimilation of diverse systems to bolster the rapid response team.

The implementation of the plan may require the allocation of physical resources by the hospital. The proposed modifications may entail the reconfiguration of the Emergency Department, procurement of novel apparatus, and enhancement of the department’s arrangement to augment patient throughput.

The successful implementation of the plan will require the hospital to allocate adequate time and resources. This entails allocating time for personnel training and orientation, scheduling time for the interdisciplinary team to convene and cooperate, and providing time for staff to adapt to the novel processes and protocols. In brief, for the effective execution of the interdisciplinary strategy aimed at enhancing workflow efficiency in the Emergency Department, Mercy Hospital must appropriately distribute diverse organizational resources, such as human, financial, information technology, physical, and temporal resources. The appropriate distribution of these resources is essential in guaranteeing the effective execution of the plan and the attainment of its objectives.


Aldea, C. I. (2020). The Paradigm And Interdisciplinary Field Of Training Management-A Managerial And Curricular Approach. Advances in Education Sciences2(2), 59-73.

Fox, C., Hammond, S. P., Backhouse, T., Poland, F., Waring, J., Penhale, B., & Cross, J. L. (2023). Implementing PERFECT-ER with Plan-Do-Study-Act on acute orthopedic hospital wards: Building knowledge from an implementation study using Normalization Process Theory. PLoS One18(2), e0279651

Schrager, J. D., Patzer, R. E., Kim, J. J., Pitts, S. R., Chokshi, F. H., Phillips, J. S., & Zhang, X. (2019). Racial and ethnic differences in diagnostic imaging utilization during adult emergency department visits in the United States, 2005 to 2014. Journal of the American College of Radiology16(8), 1036-1045.


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