Need a perfect paper? Place your first order and save 5% with this code:   SAVE5NOW

Epidemiology and Population Health

Correlation Without Causation Example in Healthcare

In exploring the link between healthcare-related aspects such as obesity and accessibility of medical resources, it is essential first to consider their association versus causation nature. Multiple studies report areas with higher levels of overweight individuals typically encounter barriers to accessing health facilities; however, this connection should be understood for direct causality. Obesity cannot single-handedly claim responsibility for the limited availability of medical care, nor can restricted resources trigger excessive weight gain by themselves – their relationship remains purely correlational.

Explanation of the Relationship using Rates, Incidence, Prevalence, Causation, and Correlation

To understand why the relationship between obesity and access to healthcare is not causative, we can examine the concepts of rates, incidence, prevalence, causation, and correlation.


We can determine how frequently an event occurs within a certain population over time by utilizing rates. For example, we can compare obesity rates in different areas or analyze healthcare facility access through rate measurements.


Incidence refers to the number of new cases of a condition within a defined population over a given time. In our example, we could examine the incidence of obesity and the incidence of limited access to healthcare facilities.


Prevalence denotes the complete tally of reported cases of a specific disease amongst a select community during a particular timeframe. To illustrate, we may evaluate the prevalence ratios for obesity and inadequate accessibility to medical care facilities across different populations.


Causation involves establishing a cause-and-effect relationship between two variables (“AIHW Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011: What is the burden of disease?”, 2011). It requires rigorous scientific investigation, including experimental studies and control of confounding factors. In the case of obesity and access to healthcare, multiple underlying factors, such as socioeconomic status, geographic location, and healthcare policies, likely contribute to both variables independently.


When evaluating how two variables are linked, correlation comes into play by measuring their strength and directionality. We can observe its effect on both by determining if an alteration occurs with one variable whenever another move. It is crucial, however, when considering our example that it is influenced by underlying factors like socioeconomic inequality or geographic restrictions; therefore, there may not always be a direct causal link connecting obesity with limited healthcare access despite any correlations present between them.

Impact of the Selected Health Condition on the Global Burden of Disease

When it comes to worldwide illness statistics, obesity cannot be ignored, given its serious consequences. Being overweight increases one’s risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes-specific cancers, and musculoskeletal disorders. And so it’s unsurprising that healthcare experts recognize this condition as an essential issue requiring worldwide attention: an epidemic with significant impact according to the World Health Organizations classification system.

The impacts of obesity are far-reaching globally and manifest themselves in several ways. One concerning effect is its link with chronic illnesses, which are key contributors to the overall disease burden across nations. Data shows us that obesity levels continue increasing steadily, which inevitably translates to an increased prevalence of such weight-linked complications and poses extra demand on available healthcare resources.

Secondly, obesity places a substantial economic burden on healthcare systems and societies. The costs of treating obesity-related diseases, managing complications, and implementing preventive measures are considered. The financial strain affects individuals, governments, and healthcare providers, impacting resource allocation and healthcare priorities.

The implications of obesity stretch well beyond one’s waistline; rather, it affects numerous aspects of daily life for individuals and society at large. From hampering productivity to reducing the overall quality of life to even engendering prejudicial attitudes from others towards those with this condition – the issue runs deep; sadly, resulting in restricted job opportunities or limited social prospects for many people living with obesity, exacerbating their hardships even more.

Successfully addressing the worldwide epidemic of obesity requires a systematic approach involving multiple facets united with a common purpose: reducing obesity prevalence across populations globally. Our focus should be upon sustained action promoting healthier lifestyles within communities, inclusive of promoting access to nourishing foods coupled with active living settings utilizing evidence-based approaches tailored to local contexts surrounding dietary intakes along with proactive exercise regimes critically supplemented through useful interventions endorsed by international best practices research studies associated with disease burden mitigation related priorities fitted for various health care program delivery systems emphasizing primary care’s leading role in effective prevention, early detection along with convenient treatment options.

In conclusion, the correlation between obesity and limited access to healthcare facilities is an example of a correlation but not causative relationship. Various factors, including socioeconomic disparities, geographic limitations, and healthcare policies influence the relationship. Understanding rates, incidence, prevalence, causation, and correlation helps us differentiate between causative and non-causative relationships.


AIHW Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011: What is the burden of disease? URL:

Title of talk: The danger of mixing up causality and correlation: Ionica Smeets at TEDxDelft URL:


Don't have time to write this essay on your own?
Use our essay writing service and save your time. We guarantee high quality, on-time delivery and 100% confidentiality. All our papers are written from scratch according to your instructions and are plagiarism free.
Place an order

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Need a plagiarism free essay written by an educator?
Order it today

Popular Essay Topics