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Empowering Nursing Practice: Exploring the Role of Self-Efficacy Theory by Albert Bandura

A literature review is a critical component of nursing research, serving as an in-depth analysis and evaluation of existing scholarly works, research studies, and theoretical frameworks. This provides a detailed examination and assessment of current academic articles, scientific studies, and theoretical models. This plays a vital role in combining information, spotting differences in our current knowledge. In this healthcare field, analyzing research papers has much value. These allow scientists and doctors to be updated on the most recent progress, comprehend the underlying theories behind the nursing practice, and explore possibilities for boosting patient benefits. Albert Bandura’s idea of self-efficacy creates another crucial conceptual model within the nursing field. The concept examines people’s thoughts about their abilities to do particular activities or actions. This composition strives to illuminate its utilization in nursing by analyzing studies that have used the theory of self-confidence.

Additionally, it seeks to investigate the influence on patient results and the practice of nursing and its relation to patient teaching and enabling patients. By doing this thorough analysis, a more profound comprehension of the importance and consequences of self-belief theory within nursing studies can be reached. That will help with the development of nursing learning and application.

Self-efficacy and Nursing Theory by Albert Bandura

According to (Anita Dyb Linge et al., 2021), Albert Bandura’s self-efficacy theory is a prominent framework that has gained recognition and application in nursing research. This has been extensively used for understanding and predicting nurses’ behavior in diverse medical facilities. Self-confidence relates to someone’s trust in their skills to accomplish a designated deed or job efficiently. According to psychologist Bandura, one’s belief in their abilities is affected by four primary influences. Those resources consist of expert encounters, indirect encounters, peer influence, and physical and emotional conditions.

According to (Shorey & Lopez, 2021), self-efficacy theory has significant implications for both patient outcomes and nursing practice in nursing. To begin with, when patients have a strong feeling of self-confidence, there is a higher probability to involve in behaviors that enhance well-being, stick to the advised treatment plans, and reach better health consequences. For instance, individuals who believe in themselves might feel sure about dealing with their ongoing health problems. These might result in better compliance with medication and managing symptoms. However, individuals who need more confidence in themselves might show more reluctance and face obstacles in carrying out essential actions related to their overall health. Nevertheless, with adequate assistance and motivation, students can slowly strengthen their belief in themselves and defeat these difficulties.

Moreover, self-efficacy theory has a direct impact on nursing practice. (Loai Abu Sharour et al., 2021) Posit that nurses with confidence in their skills in delivering skilled healthcare and efficiently conveying information to patients are prone to show positive attitudes. People also are likely to reach desired results. For example, a doctor with a strong belief in their abilities could manage challenging patient encounters with assurance. People can accurately evaluate and handle patient demands and create a supportive nurse-patient rapport. That, as a result, may result in enhanced patient contentment, reliance, and the general level of treatment.

Also, self-efficacy theory strongly connects patient education and empowerment (Anita Kärner Köhler et al., 2018). Doctors perform an essential part by providing knowledge to and giving power to individuals to have authority over their physical condition. By using methods that improve patients’ confidence, like establishing realistic objectives, offering encouraging comments, and showing how to overcome challenges, nurses can aid patients during their quest for self-direction. These methods give power to patients to have authority over their well-being and decide with knowledge concerning their medical attention. As an illustration, a doctor can use methods that boost self-confidence to give power to an individual who has diabetes to monitor the glucose concentration in their blood and change their habits as necessary.

Literature Review Methodology

The literature review methodology is crucial to conducting a comprehensive and rigorous examination of existing research studies and scholarly works. This offers an organized method of finding, examining, and combining relevant texts on a particular issue or investigative query. The procedure includes finding and choosing appropriate sources, carefully assessing the quality and importance, and arranging and combining the acquired information. A review of the literature approach also assists scientists to recognize limitations in the current studies and to suggest future investigation paths. Generally, a carefully planned and implemented research paper analysis method is necessary to guarantee an academic investigation’s truthfulness and dependability. The following section will investigate the essential elements when analyzing the existing literature. It will describe the actual procedure, the search method used, the standards for choosing relevant research, the varieties of articles included, and the shortcomings and potential partiality in the reviewed literature.

(Uchendu Eugene Chigbu et al., 2023) Suggest that a literature review systematically gathers, evaluates, and synthesizes relevant literature on a specific topic. This involves performing a thorough investigation through different digital libraries, scholarly publications, and reliable references to pinpoint research papers and academic publications that enhance the knowledge of the research question or topic being examined. The procedure is essential to acquire appropriate and dependable facts for the analysis. The evaluation method generally adheres to a structured approach. This process includes setting research goals, finding relevant words and search phrases, examining the identified publications, collecting information, and evaluating results.

To ensure a comprehensive literature review, a well-defined search strategy is crucial. This involves employing proper databases, utilizing relevant search terms and keywords, and defining specific criteria for including and excluding. The criteria for selecting the related studies are decided according to elements like how the study is structured, the year when the experiment was made public, the area covered by the study, and how it relates to the main question being investigated. The rules ensure that research that fulfills specific conditions is put into the examination. Using a structured and clearly defined search plan, the scientist can reduce the possibility of overlooking necessary research and potential preferences. This method guarantees a thorough and fair evaluation of the books.

In a literature review, various articles are included to provide a holistic view of the topic. Some examples are primary research papers showing unique scientific experiments scientists carry out. Thorough examinations, on the flip side, methodically study and condense previous studies concerning a specific theme. Finally, meta-analyses employ mathematical methods to blend data from various research studies and reach conclusions. Adding a combination of these kinds of writings assists in creating a solid proof foundation. Additionally, it gives a complete understanding of the subject being examined.

However, it is essential to acknowledge the limitations and potential biases present in the reviewed literature. Those involve publishing prejudice, where research with significant or positive conclusions will likely be printed. Bias towards language, since research published in particular languages might be preferred, and preference for accessibility, when studies that are accessible through particular databases or journals could be favored. Moreover, the goodness and authenticity of the incorporated studies can differ. The difference might affect the academic study’s overall discoveries and ultimate conclusions.

Literature Review Findings

Study 1, “The Impact of Self-Efficacy Theory on Medication Adherence in Chronically Ill Patients: A Nursing Perspective,” studied the relationship between self-efficacy and medication instructions in people with chronic illness. The research focused on comprehending how self-confidence affects the capability of participants to follow their medical routines. (Clara et al., 2021) suggest that using Bandura’s self-efficacy theory, the researchers discovered a strong connection associated with belief in oneself and following the prescribed medication. This research found that people with more incredible confidence were more prone to comply with their medication plan. Individuals with solid beliefs in themselves showed improved compliance with the medications and therapies recommended to them. This emphasizes the significance of cultivating self-assurance to encourage medication compliance in nursing.

Study 2, “Exploring the Role of Self-Efficacy in Enhancing Nurses’ Communication Skills with Pediatric Patients,” explored the relationship between nurses’ belief in themselves and how well they communicate when dealing with kids. This research tried to figure out how nurses’ belief in their skills affected their ability to talk efficiently with kids in need. Research showed a strong connection between healthcare professionals’ ability and productive methods of communication. Doctors with solid self-confidence displayed enhanced conveyance of messages. That resulted in improved patient fulfillment and teamwork while getting healthcare services.

Study 3, “Empowering Patients through Self-Efficacy: A Study on the Effectiveness of a Nursing Intervention in Chronic Disease Management,” examined a nursing strategy to empower patients to manage chronic diseases. Research showed that the treatment greatly enhanced patients’ belief in themselves and caused better handling of the illness. The treatment effectively enhanced patients’ faith in their capabilities and skills to handle their medical conditions. People given the therapy expressed increased confidence and showed better commitment to the treatment plans. He also shared better overall well-being.

The research shows the importance of trust in one’s capability to investigate patient care. This highlights the beneficial effect of following medication, the ability of nurses to communicate while treating kids and enabling patients to take charge of the treatment of chronic conditions. Integrating belief in oneself in healthcare can successfully boost patient effects. This can further enhance communication and enable healthcare recipients to participate in their medical care actively.

Synthesis and Analysis of Literature Review

The combination and examination of the book review uncover significant findings regarding the connection between self-belief and patient care. A study and comparison of the results of the chosen research show reliable proof promoting the positive impact of self-confidence on different medical results. However, more studies must be done to comprehend the methods through which confidence impacts these consequences ultimately. Elevated quantities of belief in oneself are connected to improved health outcomes. These include taking prescribed medicines, interpersonal skills, and caring for oneself for long-term illnesses.

Recognizing common patterns and trends linked to self-assurance and caregiving stresses the importance of empowerment. As (Schunk & Dibenedetto, 2020) posit, the theory of self-efficacy gives a structure to grasp our belief in our capabilities and influence our actions and achievements. Motivating individuals by improving their belief in themselves allows them to be actively involved in managing their health. Caring nurses’ belief in themselves helps their self-assurance and skills, bringing about superior dialogue and care focused on the patient. Analyzing the advantages and drawbacks of the studied texts underscores consistent outcomes as an advantage. It suggests proof of solid groundwork. Nevertheless, constraints might include sample sizes, universality, and potential release bias. Differences in measurement devices and techniques utilized in various investigations can also impact comparability.

The consequences for upcoming studies and applications entail a further examination of customized self-confidence treatments in nursing. In particular, scientists must study the efficiency of various kinds of treatments and the consequence of healthcare consequences. Moreover, doctors must think about using customized approaches that target the particular requirements and difficulties experienced by nurses as individuals. Upcoming research can examine the impact of interventions among certain groups and assess their durability over time. The results emphasize the value of including methods to enhance self-belief in nursing education and practical application.


This literature review has provided a comprehensive analysis of the role of self-efficacy theory by Albert Bandura in nursing research and practice. This has emphasized the significance of self-confidence in forming nurses’ viewpoints, actions, and results for patients. The key ideas covered the practicality related to self-confidence theory in nursing. The impact on patient results and the work of nurses, and how it relates to teaching patients and giving power. All the reviewed studies always show the advantageous influence of believing in oneself in different areas of the nursing profession. For instance, research has proven to boost medication compliance, communication skills and control chronic conditions. The theory of self-efficacy gives an important basis for interpreting the viewpoints and mindsets that impact how nurses perform. This also has a major part in affecting patient results. Through the use of confidence theory, medical professionals can increase patient benefits. People can additionally enhance ways of communicating and give power to individuals to get involved in their medical experience proactively. The possible effect of including self-belief theory in healthcare research and implementation is essential. This can result in the creation of customized treatments, better strategies for educating patients, and the boost of nursing proficiency and belief in oneself. In the end, accepting belief in oneself within the nursing profession can help achieve providing excellent and patient-focused treatment. This can further encourage good physical consequences to persons and neighborhoods.


Anita Dyb Linge, Stål Bjørkly, Jensen, C., & Bente Hasle. (2021). Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Model Used to Explore Participants’ Experiences of Health, Lifestyle, and Work After Attending a Vocational Rehabilitation Program with Lifestyle Intervention – A Focus Group StudyVolume 14, 3533–3548.

Anita Kärner Köhler, Tingström, P., Jaarsma, T., & Nilsson, S. (2018). Patient empowerment and general self-efficacy in patients with coronary heart disease: a cross-sectional study19(1).

Clara, F., Oka, P., Hajira Dambha-Miller, & Ngiap Chuan Tan. (2021). The association between self-efficacy and self-care in essential hypertension: a systematic review22(1).

Loai Abu Sharour, Ayman Bani Salameh, Suleiman, K., Maha Subih, Mamdouh El-Hneiti, Mahmoud Al-Hussami, Khloud Al Dameery, & Omor Al Omari. (2021). Nurses’ Self-Efficacy, Confidence and Interaction With Patients With COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study16(4), 1393–1397.

Schunk, D., & Dibenedetto, M. (2020, November 13). Self-efficacy and human motivation. ResearchGate; unknown.

Shorey, S., & Lopez, V. (2021, March 12). Self-Efficacy in a Nursing Context. ResearchGate; unknown.

Uchendu Eugene Chigbu, Sulaiman Olusegun Atiku, & Cherley du Plessis. (2023, January 6). The Science of Literature Reviews: Searching, Identifying, Selecting, and Synthesising. ResearchGate; MDPI AG.


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