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Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

It can be challenging to determine the authenticity of materials, particularly those available online. As nurses, our primary responsibility is to keep patients informed about the most current safety practices. While numerous resources are dedicated to evidence-based practice, you should only consult the most trustworthy websites for the most up-to-date information (Hoffmann & Plotkina, 2020). A nurse is assigned to care for a new patient diagnosed with preeclampsia in the Vila Health scenario. The nurse should conduct a literature review to develop a care plan based on this knowledge. Several studies were conducted to determine the best treatment plan for preeclampsia and other diseases. As a result, it improves patient outcomes when followed. Continuous research reviews inform and improve nursing practice in evidence-based practice. Whenever possible, changes in medication and patient care should be implemented.

Criteria to Determine Credibility

The internet, magazines, and hospital guidelines should all be no more than 3 to 5 years old. Outdated documents are no longer relevant due to the fast pace of the healthcare industry. Evidence-based strategies should be based on the most recent available research to ensure the best outcomes for patients. Data in web-based resources is frequently challenging to locate, making them less trustworthy (Iowa Model Collaborative., et al 2017). Determine if your organization already has a policy or process in place for your clinical problem or concern, and then assess whether the policy is still credible or out of date, depending on your clinical trial or situation. While journal articles are a great way to learn about therapeutic topics, not all research and evidence are created equal. By searching health databases like PubMed or Medline, you can find millions of health science articles. Limit your search to articles published in peer-reviewed journals to boost your credibility. For EBP to be based on the most reliable sources, it is also necessary to understand the various levels of evidence and research.

The Nursing Research Pyramid is a visual evidence hierarchy that starts at the bottom and works its way up, with the least trustworthy information and the most trustworthy evidence at the top. Case-controlled studies, cohort studies, randomized controlled studies, critically evaluated items, critically assessed subjects, and systematic reviews, which are at the top of the pyramid, are the most reliable sources (Larsen., et al 2019). The authenticity of web-based content is becoming increasingly difficult to determine. Websites with the,.gov, are frequently preferred over those with prefix. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, there are five questions, a government website for the United States Department of Health: who, what, when, where, and why. Another way to tell if something you’re reading has been peer-reviewed news or advertising is to look at the source code. According to systematic research, other factors contributing to website credibility and reliability include clear design/layout, contact information, owner permission, and permission to print/quality. Ads, insufficient search options, and a confusing design/layout contribute to a lack of trust.

Analysis of Resources

To systematically improve patient outcomes, you can use the criteria listed above to assess the reliability of EBP resources. In the Vila Health scenario, the list of nurse resources needs to be double-checked for accuracy. Hospital records are a trustworthy source of data. This is an excellent resource, though it is nearly obsolete (Sun., et al 2019). A recent research study may be required to determine whether this method is still valid. Four web-based documents were also distributed to nurses. The first source, “I am the Face of Pre-eclampsia,” is a blog post on, so it’s not trustworthy. Preeclampsia, according to Wikipedia, is also not a reliable source. Wikipedia, the website, is open to anyone with an internet connection. Articles on WebMD are also not essential. Although it can be helpful for basic information, this is, which is not affiliated with reviews and has a variety of advertisements. The latest web-based resource, also from, is “Everything You Need to Know About Preeclampsia”. Because partners have not reviewed it, this ingredient is not suitable for use in evidence-based medicine. Four more Capella library items are included; each reproduces content from the hospital library.

Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, found on the National Institutes of Health website, is the first. Because it was published in 2018, and there is a source, it is also trustworthy. The following article is titled “Elevated Risk of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women with Depression: Depression or Antidepressants?” Even though it comes from a peer-reviewed journal, the source is outdated and thus untrustworthy (Hoffmann & Plotkina, 2020). The article ” Inflammation Markers and Preeclampsia: A Systematic Review” is a good starting point. The research pyramid was created using data from a systematic study published in a peer-reviewed journal in 2018. The library’s primary resource is the Mayo Clinic website, It’s from 2018, and the Mayo Clinic is such a well-known institution that it’s worth mentioning.

Incorporating Credible Evidence

When the EBP paradigm is used, learning in the field is easier to apply. The EBP model is a framework for systematically applying study findings and assessing their impact on patient outcomes. Iowa Make is a popular EBP implementation strategy (Iowa Model Collaborative., et al 2017). Similar to evidence-based practice, it has been updated to reflect changes in healthcare and incorporates the most recent research. Nurses in the Vila Health scenario can use the EBP model to organize data better, create care plans, and change existing hospital procedures using the EBP model.


All healthcare professionals must use and apply EBP to improve patient outcomes. On the other hand, nurses must practice because many lack the necessary training. It cannot be easy to evaluate the reliability of research resources and practices. It cannot be easy to apply EBP in various therapeutic settings (Larsen., et al 2019). Nurses with bachelor’s degrees in science education are becoming more common, and they are expected to use these techniques in clinical practice to protect patients.


Hoffmann, A. O., & Plotkina, D. (2020). Why and when does financial information affect retirement planning intentions and which consumers are more likely to act on them?. Journal of Business Research117, 411-431.

Iowa Model Collaborative, Buckwalter, K. C., Cullen, L., Hanrahan, K., Kleiber, C., McCarthy, A. M., … & Authored on behalf of the Iowa Model Collaborative. (2017). Iowa model of evidence‐based practice: Revisions and validation. Worldviews on EvidenceBased Nursing14(3), 175-182.

Larsen, C. M., Terkelsen, A. S., Carlsen, A. M. F., & Kristensen, H. K. (2019). Methods for teaching evidence-based practice: a scoping review. BMC medical education19(1), 1-33.

Sun, Y., Zhang, Y., Gwizdka, J., & Trace, C. B. (2019). Consumer evaluation of the quality of online health information: systematic literature review of relevant criteria and indicators. Journal of medical Internet research21(5), e12522.


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