Need a perfect paper? Place your first order and save 5% with this code:   SAVE5NOW

Birth and Infancy (the First Two Years)

An infant baby is born defenseless and requires sustained care to stay alive. The infant’s and perhaps the most critical responsibility is to adapt to life just outside of the womb. This same neonatal developmental period refers to the first two months of such a toddler’s development and growth. Newborn infants spend much of their time throughout five states of stimulation: frequent sleep, erratic sleep, tiredness, silent alertness, as well as crying. The majority of a child’s time is spent sleeping, whether regularly or irregularly (8-9 hours); throughout this time, the baby’s brain develops meaningful connections for growth and survival.

The concept of brain plastic deformation refers to the notion that such central nervous system has still not decided to commit to particular purposes. When certain brain regions are compromised throughout this critical period, numerous different parts of the brain could indeed start taking over again and handle earlier unassigned operations (Bell et al., 2019). Crying is a means of communication for newborn babies; distinct cries evoke different reactions from caretakers. Whimpers or insufficient sobbing uncontrollably could indicate a desire for attention (“pick me up and cuddle me”), although strenuous screaming may imply food cravings or another type of anguish. Thus, many parents are good at recognizing their patient’s distinct cry for every requirement; nevertheless, some newborns endure constipation and cry for little or no apparent cause.

A baby’s accommodations are Immediate treatment entails: washing the baby with comforting towels or clothes and shoes while also they are placed just on mother’s uterus or in her arms. One such skin-to-skin encounter between mothers and babies is essential to maintaining the child’s temperature, encouraging bonding, as well as exposing the baby to the mother’s microbial pathogens. Parturition necessitates the dilation of a uterine cavity to allow the unborn child to pass through, and labor pains of the uterus muscular layer powerful enough even to forcibly remove the unborn baby.

The first stage of birth is cervix dilation. Phase one will last from the start of labor until the uterus is fully dilated. As the baby’s head descends and “engages” with the pelvis, the uterus thins (a process known as effacement) as well as extends (dilation). The woman is generally in pain during this process of muscle spasms, shrinking, and trying to stretch. The first stage is usually the longest (Bell et al., 2019). First, this phase requires an average of eight hours for a mother to have her 1st child. The above step will be faster in a woman who has previously had kids, lasting on average four hours.

The 2nd phase of the process is the Expulsion Phase. That’s the time that it takes out from the cervix’s complete dilatation to the child’s arrival. There are different phases throughout this process. If the female seems to have an epidural, this same desire to force is generally less intense (Bell et al., 2019). Trying to push entails contracting these same core muscles in alignment for each menstrual period. There is no need to be concerned regarding “not knowing how to push.” However, it is necessary to challenge at the moment with ventricular contraction to maximize performance and reduce tiredness.

The final stage of age six or seven is the shipment of the placenta. This same third stage will last from either the time the baby is delivered until the womb or membrane proteins are delivered (afterbirth). The third phase could be, Active: This same doctor, as well as nurse practitioner, injects a drug (oxytocin) into the mother’s femur even as the child’s head crowns (widest part coming through the vaginal opening) to assist the uterine contract down to speed things up embryo arrival, and those who pull-on placenta cord to help it deliver. Because active management of the third phase is quicker (around 5-10 minutes), which has been shown to decrease blood loss after delivery, numerous healthcare facilities prefer to go through it. Or Physiological: There will be no substances or trying to pull just on the placenta. This same placenta delivers on its own with gentle trying to push first from mother. The above takes slightly longer than the active third stage (up to 30 minutes). An active “pushing” stage takes about 20 minutes for a female who has earlier had kids.

Newborns start to anticipate how their caretaker will react to them once they are distraught by that of the maturity level of 4 to 6 months. Newborns show a clear preference for their caregiver between the ages of 6 months and one year. Most miscarriages happen in the first month of pregnancy, or the first 13 weeks’ gestation. Gene mutations can inhibit the fertilized ovum from developing typically (Bell et al., 2019). In medical terms, post-natal anxiety (or post-natal emotional state disease [PMAD]) is the most common side effect of giving birth. Postpartum care helps in the prevention, early diagnosis, therapeutic interventions of complications, and counseling on breastfeeding, family planning, vaccination, and motherly nourishment. It is recommended that you use the screening, psychological counseling, and post-natal care certificates to standardize the PNC customer support.

Sensory and motor performance lead to the gradual procedure under which a child learns to get and coordinate the big muscles of hands and feet, trunk, and arms, and the muscle groups of components. A child’s senses of sight, making contact, taste, aroma, and having to hear start developing. According to the investigation, sensory play strengthens neural connections inside the mind’s paths, allowing the child to accomplish more complex learning tasks. Sensory play promotes language development, cognitive development, fine and gross motor skills, problem-solving abilities, and social interaction (Bell et al., 2019). Language development is thought to occur through normal learning processes in which children learn the forms, interpretations, and uses of words and utterances from linguistic input. Children frequently begin to repeat the words that they are repeatedly exposed to. Typical language acquisition is divided into four stages: the babbling stage, the Holophrastic or one-word stage, the two-word stage, and the Telegraphic stage.

And lastly, Although many babies and toddlers cannot communicate verbally, they do so through their own “baby language.” Gestures, babbling, coos, smiles, and looks are all examples of “baby language.” Caregivers can interact with babies by talking to them and responding to their “baby language.”


Bell, A. F., Rubin, L. H., Davis, J. M., Golding, J., Adejumo, O. A., & Carter, C. S. (2019). The birth experience and subsequent maternal caregiving attitudes and behavior: a birth cohort study. Archives of women’s mental health22(5), 613-620.


Don't have time to write this essay on your own?
Use our essay writing service and save your time. We guarantee high quality, on-time delivery and 100% confidentiality. All our papers are written from scratch according to your instructions and are plagiarism free.
Place an order

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Need a plagiarism free essay written by an educator?
Order it today

Popular Essay Topics