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The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War was the North American fight in a greater magnificent war amongst France, and Great Britain referred to as the Seven Years’ War. It started in 1754 and came to an end with a agreement of Paris in 1763. It offered Great Britain massive regional gains in North America. On the other hand, the disputes on paying the expenses of the war and frontier policy resulted in colonial dissatisfaction and the American Revolution at the end of the day. The War was led to continuing boundary pressures in North America because both British and French colonists and Magnificent officials were determined to spread out the sphere of effect of each country in frontier regions. In North America, the French and Indian WarWar pockmarked France, French colonials, and their innate associates in contradiction of the Iroquois, the Anglo-American colonists, and Great Britain, which had significant control over most northern sections of Pennsylvania upstate New York. In 1753, before the hostilities broke out, Great Britain had control over 13 groups stretching up to the Appalachian Mountains. New France lay a sporadically and enormous established territory from Louisiana through the Mississippi Valley and Great Lakes to Canada.

Economic control of the French and Indian WarWar on the colonists in America was that many colonists became rich because of the food and supplies sold to the British soldiers. Many farmers lost money when the British army raided their crop stores. On top of that, leading colonists became wealthy after the British lowered taxes. As mentioned earlier, the French and Indian WarWar came to an end with the signing of the treaties of Hubertusburg and Paris in 1763 (Marston 10). During the Paris Treaty, France lost all it claimed to Canada and handed over Louisiana to Spin. On the other hand, Great Britain received Upper Canada, Spanish Florida, and various French holdings abroad. The French and Indian War is among the most significant yet incredibly forgotten occurrences as far as American history is concerned. The WarWar pitted the two greatest empires in history, France and Great Britain, against each other over the control of the North American continent. Swept up in the WarWar were the regular troops from Britain and France, the Native Americans, the British colonists, and the inhabitants of New France. While the conflict took place in Nova Scotia, Canada, Pennsylvania, and New York, it had significant effects abroad and ignited the War of Seven Years across the globe.

From the late 17th century, hostilities between fighting Great Britain and France in the North American continent had been ongoing. Three significant conflicts – King George’s War, Queen Anne’s War, and King William’s War – started in Europe and spread to the colonies. The French and Indian War was extraordinary since it began to from North America and spread to other parts of the world. The order to fire the first shots in western Pennsylvania was given by George Washington, a young officer from Virginia. Many Britons and Americans who would serve in the Revolutionary War found themselves overwhelmed in the WarWar (Berg 190). Both sides wanted to obtain territorial and economic expansion during the WarWar, just like most wars for empire. Additionally, the two sides aimed at projecting influence over new people and lands.

It is important to note that the French and Indian WarWar was fought fundamentally between New France and Great Britain colonies, with the two sides supported by American-Indian allies and Europe. It broke out into a global struggle between France and Britain in 1756. The essential objects of the Britons were not just the imperial French forces but also the several American Indian forces associated with them. The French and Indian War started in May 1754 due to the competing claims between the two sides (Ferling 315). The command by the 22-year-old George Washington to fire on the French soldiers proved to be an influential occurrence that resulted in the imperial War. For the subsequent ten years, the War happened along the frontier of British America and New France from Maine to Virginia. The fighting also spread to Europe as Britain and France sought to increase supremacy as far as the Atlantic World is concerned. After previously being neutral, most of the northern tribes and the Ohio Country Indians significantly sided with the French, who were their supplier of arms and their fundamental trading partner. The Britons did not fare as expected in the leading existences of the fighting. The French and their American Indian native associates made Washington to laying down their arms forcefully at Fort Necessity, and a fort built hastily after Washington attacked the French.

On the other hand, the War started to favor the Britons in 1758 because of the significant parts to the determinations of a very popular policymaker, William Pitt, who pledged vast resources and sums of money to defeat the hated Catholic French. Additionally, the Britons spent some cash on bounties paid to recruits who were purposed to revitalize the British Forces (Murrin 310). Although the War continued in Europe, most of the struggling between Britain and France in the North American continent came to an end in 1760. Officially, the French and Indian War in North America ended with the formal acceptance of the Agreement of Paris in 1763, while the Treaty of Hubertusburg in 1763 ended the fighting in Europe.

In summing up, Great Britain had more significant economic and industrialized resources than France, which was faced with economic paralysis and national economic failure as the struggle ended. Additionally, the British colonies had substantial quantities of food of all types for provisioning armies in the fields. On the other hand, the inhabitants of French Canada were almost faced with famine state of affairs when barriers in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the coast of France made it almost not possible to import food. Finally, both the American colonial forces and British regulars became experienced wilderness fighters. It appeared that the success of Great Britain implied that it would determine the future of the continent. However, this was no longer true after some time; it now appeared that ongoing reliance on the mother country rather than taking benefits along would incorporate the most demanding requirements. People in North America no longer live in fear of enemies on their borders. The settlement and administration of a colonial empire that was expanded had the very seeds of the fight that would result in the American Revolution for the duration of the ten years that followed.

Work Cited

Berg, Harry D. “Economic Consequences of the French and Indian War for the Philadelphia Merchants.” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 13.3 (1946): 185-193.

Ferling, John. “Soldiers for Virginia: Who Served in the French and Indian War?.” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 94.3 (1986): 307-328.

Marston, Daniel. The French-Indian War 1754-1760. Routledge, 2003.

Murrin, John M. “The French and Indian War, the American Revolution, and the Counterfactual Hypothesis: Reflections on Lawrence Henry Gipson and John Shy.” Reviews in American History 1.3 (1973): 307-318.


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