The management of the return, disposal, and recycling of consumer goods is known as reverse logistics. It entails dealing with things that are broken, undesirable, or no longer required and seeing to it that they are disposed of or recycled in an eco-friendly way. Due to growing concern about sustainability and environmental responsibility, reverse logistics has gained in importance recently.
The process of organizing, enforcing, and managing the transportation and storage of products and services from the factor of origin to the point of consumption is referred to as logistics control, on the other hand. It covers delivery, storage, inventory management, and order fulfillment.
Reverse logistics and logistics control must be integrated for businesses to guarantee that their products are efficiently handled throughout their full life cycle, from manufacturing to disposal. Businesses may save costs, increase customer happiness, and lessen their environmental impact by employing effective reverse logistics solutions.
In the 1990s, as waste management and the environmental impact of consumer goods became more and more of a concern, the concept of reverse logistics began to take shape. Organizations became aware of the necessity for an effective and sustainable method to govern the disposal and recycling of their goods as customers started to demand more environmentally friendly products and activities.
Reverse logistics has evolved into a crucial component of logistics management as businesses realize the potential advantages of implementing effective strategies for processing and managing returned goods. Reverse logistics development has also been fueled by the expansion of e-commerce, as online retailers must handle large amounts of returns to stay competitive. Reverse logistics and logistical control are now essential components of supply chain management. Businesses are always looking for innovative methods to improve these strategies in order to save costs, decrease waste, and enhance overall sustainability.
Reverse logistics is important for managing logistics, and businesses may benefit from it because of its capacity. Bensalem and Kin (2019), for instance, discovered that efficient reverse logistics may save costs, boost customer satisfaction, and boost revenues. Srivastava and Srivastava (2006) recognized the value of effective reverse logistics in reducing waste and boosting sustainability in a different research.
The use of technology in reverse logistics has also been studied recently. In contrast, Lamba et al. (2019) suggested a framework for implementing reverse logistics in e-commerce using blockchain technology. As an example, Wang et al. (2017) and Mishra et al. (2022) examined the usage of RFID technology in enhancing reverse logistics procedures.
The literature as a whole emphasizes the significance of efficient reverse logistics approaches for businesses to be competitive and sustainable in the contemporary economy. The use of effective reverse logistics procedures raises customer happiness, reduces costs, and promotes sustainability and environmental responsibility.
According to research on reverse logistics and logistics management, organizations may benefit significantly from properly managing the reverse logistics process. For instance, it may lead to cost savings via the management of returned goods more effectively, improved client satisfaction through the processing of returns more quickly and reliably, and greater income through the resale or recycling of returned goods.
In reverse logistics, efficiency in managing returns and disposal, as well as waste reduction and environmental responsibility, have been shown to be important. Effective reverse logistics procedures have become increasingly more crucial as e-commerce has grown, since online retailers see enormous amounts of returns that must be successfully managed to ensure customer happiness.
Additionally, technology has been crucial in improving reverse logistics techniques, with technologies like RFID, blockchain, and others giving greater insight into and control over the whole reverse logistics process. Overall, the results support the idea that firms looking to reduce costs, increase sustainability, and maintain competitiveness must integrate reverse logistics with logistical management.
In conclusion, the study of logistics management and reverse logistics emphasizes the significance of efficiently managing the full product life cycle, from creation to disposal. Reverse logistics procedures that are effective may save costs, boost customer happiness, and boost income while promoting sustainability and environmental responsibility.
Due to the increased amount of returns that online merchants must handle, reverse logistics have become even more crucial with the growth of e-commerce. With RFID, blockchain, and other technologies giving more visibility and control over the whole process, technology has become an increasingly crucial factor in improving reverse logistics procedures (Glenn et al., 2005). Businesses that combine reverse logistics with logistics management may enjoy cost savings, enhanced sustainability, and higher competitiveness while also making a positive impact on a more socially and ecologically responsible way of doing business.
Bensalem, A., & Kin, V. (2019). A bibliometric analysis of reverse logistics from 1992 to 2017. Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal, 20(1), 15–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/16258312.2019.1574430
Glenn Richey, R., Genchev, S. E., & Daugherty, P. J. (2005). The role of resource commitment and innovation in reverse logistics performance. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 35(4), 233–257. https://doi.org/10.1108/09600030510599913
Lamba, D., Yadav, D. K., Barve, A., & Panda, G. (2019). Prioritizing barriers in reverse logistics of E-commerce supply chain using fuzzy-analytic hierarchy process. Electronic Commerce Research, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10660-019-09333-y
Mishra, A., Dutta, P., Jayasankar, S., Jain, P., & Mathiyazhagan, K. (2022). A review of reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chains from the perspective of the circular economy. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.1108/bij-11-2021-0669
Srivastava, S. K., & Srivastava, R. K. (2006). Managing product returns for reverse logistics. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 36(7), 524–546. https://doi.org/10.1108/09600030610684962
Wang, J.-J., Chen, H., Rogers, D. S., Ellram, L. M., & Grawe, S. J. (2017). A bibliometric analysis of reverse logistics research (1992-2015) and opportunities for future research. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 47(8), 666–687. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijpdlm-10-2016-0299