Indeed, lifestyle remains a major important determinant of the health status of a population. Also, changing the lifestyle could be expensive when the determinants of lifestyles are not known. Besides, changing a lifestyle mostly have a significant effect on non-communicable diseases (Syme, 2004). Thus, in a population suffering from communicable disease, lifestyle change intervention might be the most valuable intervention. However, an intervention to control vector and intermediate host control would be most essential. Notably, some of the communicable diseases across the developing nations are depending on vector and intermediate hosts to be transmitted to humans and livestock. For various infections, the vectors include tsetse flies, ticks, sandflies, snails, tritons bugs, and mosquitoes. For instance, a person might be having a healthy lifestyle; eating vegetables and a balanced diet while observing cleanness in their area, but if the snails are available on the rivers and livestock near the homestead, eventually, the transmission of bilharzia worms could occur during milking or while attending to the livestock’s. Also, suppose a person has a healthy lifestyle and is near the homestead or across the pathways where their long grasses, the tsetse flies, and mosquitoes are breeding. In that case, they might suffer from malaria and trypanosomiasis. Therefore, practicing a physical exercise would prevent sandflies or mosquitoes from biting and transmitting the parasites’ however, taking into consideration various control measures to decrease transmission of the parasites through destroying the vectors and their intermediate and reservoir hosts.
Moreover, vector control requires comprehension of the vector, intermediate host, and the life cycle of a vector and their conducive environmental conditions to propagate illnesses. Thus, in reality, creating awareness of people to run three times a day or take fruits daily would be essential, taking into consideration the vectors of parasites that because adverse illnesses are amongst the humans. Thus, the best way is to educate society on how to control the vectors, the time to control, and the mechanism to use to control them (Ehrenberg, & Ault,. (2005). For instance, educating the community on various breeding sites of vectors would be an essential measure to attack them in their various stage of life and when they are abundant in their habitats. Besides, the government can also teach the community to build houses to avoid being attacked by the vector and where to build them. For instance, many communities build houses close to a river or a lake. Still, they do not understand the greater risk of mosquitoes breeding in high numbers and attacking them to spread a malaria worm or filarial worm. Thus, a mosquito will not struggle to move kilometers for another meal after a blood meal; it will bite several people within a short period of time, increasing the risk of infection.
Notably, the United States government have enacted a Child and Adult Care Food Program to offer reimbursement for nutrition meal. Also, the Child and Adult Care Food Program aim at changing the lifestyle of children and adults who are being cared for in daycare homes, child care centers as well as adult care centers. The intervention provides snacks in various earlier mentioned centers for care in addition to offering reimbursements for food served to children as well as youth participating in afterschool care programs, infants living in emergency shelters as well as elders who are over sixty years of age or people with disabilities and have enrolled in day centers. Indeed, the Child and Adult Care Food program contribute to a healthy lifestyle as well as wellness.
Ehrenberg, J. P., & Ault, S. K. (2005). Neglected diseases of neglected populations: thinking to reshape the determinants of health in Latin America and the Caribbean. BMC Public Health, 5(1), 1-13. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2458-5-119
Lu, X. T., Gu, Q. Y., Limpanont, Y., Song, L. G., Wu, Z. D., Okanurak, K., & Lv, Z. Y. (2018). Snail-borne parasitic diseases: an update on global epidemiological distribution, transmission interruption and control methods. Infectious diseases of poverty, 7(1), 1-16.
Syme, S. L. (2004). Social determinants of health: the community as an empowered partner. Preventing chronic disease, 1(1). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc544525/
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