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Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) and International Strategies (in the Automotive Industry Considering the Current Rise in Energy Prices).

The recent spike in energy prices has become a significant problem for multinational enterprises (MNEs) across various industry sectors in a time of tremendous global issues (Benito & Fehlner 2022, p. 309). The automotive industry is at the vanguard of these, navigating a challenging environment characterized by changing consumer demands, technological changes, and, more recently, rising energy prices (Carlier 2022). Also, because of geopolitical changes, the automotive sector is undergoing tremendous upheavals that must be addressed for exponential growth and development. In light of the recent increase in energy prices, this essay begins a thorough analysis of how MNEs in the automotive industry might proactively position themselves for the future (Grosse, R. 2019, p. 14). The research will guide for reducing immediate effects and acting as a road map for sustainable growth and resilience in the face of rising energy costs by digging into the complexities of international strategies.

Impact of Rising Energy Prices

Many impacts are associated with the current hike in fuel prices as far as the automotive industry is concerned. First, as energy prices rise, consumers must devote more of their income to fuel expenditures (Grosse, R. 2019, p. 13). As a result, disposable income for other spending is reduced, resulting in a fall in demand for automotive vehicles or consumers opt for more fuel-efficient versions. Due to such demand dynamics, manufacturers must alter their products to fit the growing demand for energy-efficient automobiles. Second, energy-intensive production procedures increase the cost of production for automakers (Giampieri et al. 2020). High energy costs influence operations by raising prices for manufacturing, transportation, and other supply chain components, resulting in declining automakers’ profit margins.

Third, increased energy costs stimulate innovation in the automotive sector. Automakers are required to make more R&D investments to create technologies that are energy-efficient and alternative energy sources (Williams & Vrabie 2022). Such encourages the industry to research and deploy cutting-edge technologies like electric vehicles as sustainable alternates for conventional internal combustion engines. Finally, all governments globally are enforcing higher emissions limits as a reaction to environmental issues and the necessity to cut greenhouse gas emissions (George & Schillebeeckx 2022, p. 123). The urgency for automakers to satisfy these goals by creating environmentally conscious and fuel-efficient automobiles is increased by rising energy prices. Failure to comply leads to regulatory penalties, harming the reputation of non-compliant manufacturers’ brands and their standing in the market.

MNEs International Strategies for Future Operations.

From multiple sources, many international strategies can be developed by MNEs for future operations in the automotive sector, considering the current hike in fuel prices.

Assess Market Dynamics.

The automotive industry accounts for about 10% of the world’s energy usage (Carlier 2022). Therefore, multinational Enterprises (MNEs) must be skilled at assessing market dynamics to develop successful global strategies, particularly in light of growing fuel prices. Such calls for an all-encompassing approach that incorporates different aspects of market analysis (Grosse 2019, p. 25). First, it’s essential to comprehend the regional economy. Increased fuel costs always influence consumer behavior and change their buying habits, necessitating MNEs to evaluate the impact on consumer demand for their goods or services (Williams & Vrabie 2022, p. 477). For instance, due to competitive advantage, sectors that provide fuel-efficient solutions might experience growth, unlike those industries relying on high-fuel expenditures.

MNEs must carefully consider the geopolitical issues affecting fuel prices as far as the automotive sector is concerned. Price volatility can be attributed to tensions in oil-producing regions, government regulations, and global supply-demand mismatches (Carlier 2022). MNEs can foresee and prepare for anticipated changes in fuel costs by carefully evaluating these variables. MNEs must also assess their carbon footprint and consider eco-friendly options. Investments in sustainable mobility options, energy-efficient technologies, and renewable energy sources can reduce the effects of rising fuel prices while supporting global sustainability objectives (Grosse 2019, p. 17). MNEs must promote strategic alliances to assess market dynamics. Collaborations with regional and international companies, organizations, or governments can help researchers navigate marketplace difficulties.

Embrace Sustainability.

Multinational companies (MNEs) in the automobile industry can deliberately shift toward sustainability in light of the current spike in fuel prices (Vaz, Rauen & Lezana, 2017, p. 880). As such, it will aid to overcome the difficulties presented by rising energy costs and establish themselves as leaders in a rapidly changing sector. Setting electric mobility as a top priority is one of the most effective methods for MNEs to embrace sustainability. With fuel prices on the rise, it is known that funding the development and manufacturing of electric vehicles (EVs) supports worldwide efforts to decrease emissions and gives consumers a more affordable option (Williams & Vrabie 2022, p. 475). MNEs can gain a competitive advantage and achieve a stable foothold in the sustainable automobile market by devoting significant resources to EV research, development, and manufacture.

Also, battery technology innovation is a vital part of automobile sustainability. The broad adoption of electric vehicles must develop more efficient, durable, and less costly batteries. MNEs can invest in research and development to drive advances in battery technology, lowering costs and boosting customer adoption of electric vehicles (Vaz, Rauen & Lezana, 2017, p. 880). MNEs can also plan their investments in renewable energy as an effective strategy for future operations to address the high hike in fuel prices.

MNEs operating in the automotive industry can strengthen their dedication to sustainability by utilizing renewable energy sources to run their businesses (Grosse, R. 2019, p. 24). Reducing dependence on petroleum and natural gas involves implementing solar, wind, and other renewable energy options. MNEs can lessen their carbon footprint and protect themselves from erratic variations in fuel prices by switching to renewable energy sources. Additionally, MNEs must participate in circular economy practices as well (Benito & Fehlner 2022, p. 311). Product lifespan, reuse, and recycling are all critical considerations for promoting a circular economy in the automotive sector. MNEs may take the lead in creating creative techniques for recycling materials and reusing parts, which will reduce waste and preserve resources.

Reinforce Supply Chain Resilience.

Multinational corporations (MNEs) in the automotive sector must emphasize supply chain resilience against increasing fuel prices to maintain continuous operations and competitiveness in the global market (Mellahi et al., 2020, p. 7). Localizing manufacturing and diversifying sources of supply are two essential ways to achieve such a goal. The strategy aids in reducing hazards cultivated by natural disasters, geopolitical unrest, and disruptions to the world’s transportation system. MNEs can adjust to shifting conditions while retaining a consistent supply of parts and materials by setting up regional manufacturing centers and sourcing from various places (Mellahi et al., 2020, p. 2).

Finding supply chain vulnerabilities requires a thorough risk assessment. MNEs should practice scenario planning to prepare for any interruptions brought by rising fuel prices. MNEs can motivate companies to take precautions and create backup plans by knowing the potential effects of different events (George & Schillebeeckx 2022, p. 234). Additionally, it is crucial to forge solid relationships with essential suppliers. MNEs should work closely with their suppliers to exchange information, coordinate production schedules, and set up shared backup plans. The cooperative strategy encourages transparency and confidence, allowing for quick reactions to unanticipated interruptions.

Consequently, maintaining an ideal level of inventory that functions as a hedge against supply chain disruptions is another way to strengthen supply chain resilience (Grosse, R. 2019, p. 18). Even though having excess inventory can be expensive, it can act as a safety net in emergencies. In striking the ideal balance between just-in-time manufacturing and preserving sufficient stocks, MNEs should use sophisticated forecasting of demand and systems for inventory management (George & Schillebeeckx 2022, p. 233).

MNEs should foster an agile work environment within their organizations. It entails the capacity to swiftly adjust to shifting market conditions, change production priorities, and reorganize supply chain networks in reaction to unanticipated events, such as increases in fuel prices (Benito & Fehlner 2022, p. 317). Finally, supply chain resilience is a continuous endeavor rather than a one-time triumph. MNEs must constantly watch the global landscape, be knowledgeable about potential hazards, and be ready to adjust their strategy in real-time.

Leveraging Advanced Technology

Multinational companies (MNEs) in the automotive sector can proactively employ advances in technology to offset the effects of growing energy costs and promote innovation and competitiveness on a global scale in the face of skyrocketing fuel prices (Grosse 2019, p. 5). Industry 4.0 integration is one essential strategy. MNEs should embrace Industry 4.0, involving integrating cutting-edge technologies like AI and automation into their processes. The latter modernizes production techniques, boosts effectiveness, and lowers waste (George & Schillebeeckx 2022, p. 103). Real-time data analytics enabled by smart factories provide flexible and economical manufacturing, reducing the effects of rising fuel prices in the future. Predictive analytics and artificial intelligence provide invaluable knowledge for managing inventories, forecasting demand, and manufacturing scheduling. MNEs could streamline operations, improve supply chains, and make wise decisions by utilizing the power of data (Grosse 2019, p. 34).

Using cutting-edge materials in vehicle design, such as composites and lightweight alloys, also improves fuel economy. Such lowers usage while also improving overall performance. MNEs can use material science advances to build more fuel-efficient automobiles, reducing the impact of increased fuel prices on customers (Grosse 2019, p. 7). Additionally, the value proposition of vehicles is improved by incorporating connectivity features and automated driving technologies. MNEs can create intelligent, networked automobiles that optimize routes, use less fuel, and have better safety features (Mellahi et al. 2020, p. 3). As such, it satisfies changing consumer wants and identifies MNEs as technology preceding in the automobile sector and in some years to come.


The automotive sector is at a critical turning point due to rising prices for fuel. To successfully traverse this problem, multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the automotive industry must embrace sustainability, advance technological innovation, and strengthen supply chain resilience on a global scale. Investment in renewable energy, adoption of Industry 4.0 technology, and emphasis on electric transportation are essential. MNEs should also diversify their sourcing, build strategic supplier partnerships, and use sophisticated risk assessment techniques. A compelling road ahead is provided by the creation and integration of electric cars and improvements in battery technology.

Additionally, a focus on lightweight supplies and circular economy principles highlights a comprehensive approach to sustainability. By adhering to such operational imperatives, MNEs in the automotive industry can help survive the storm of rising energy costs and lead to prosperity in a vibrant, forward-looking global market. Adopting such measures represents a bold investment in the automotive industry’s sustainable and profitable future, not just a reaction to the industry’s present challenges.


Benito, G. R., & Fehlner, C. 2022. Multinational enterprises and the circular economy. Contributions to Management Science, pp. 309-327. doi:10.1007/978-3-031-06003-8_15

Carlier M. (2022, December 20). Topic: Automotive industry worldwide. Retrieved from

George, G., & Schillebeeckx, S. J. 2022. Digital transformation, sustainability, and purpose in the multinational enterprise. Journal of World Business57(3), pp. 101326. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2022.101326

Giampieri, A., Ling-Chin, J., Ma, Z., Smallbone, A. and Roskilly, A.P., 2020. A review of the current automotive manufacturing practice from an energy perspective. Applied Energy261, p.114074.

Grosse, R. 2019. Articles: Innovation by MNEs in emerging markets. Transnational Corporations26(3), pp. 1-31. doi:10.18356/7ad089ca-en

Mellahi, K., Meyer, K., Narula, R., Surdu, I., & Verbeke, A. 2020. Introduction. The Oxford Handbook of International Business Strategy, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198868378.013.24

Vaz, C., Rauen, T., & Lezana, Á. 2017. Sustainability and innovation in the automotive sector: A structured content analysis. Sustainability9(6), pp. 880. doi:10.3390/su9060880

Williams, C., & Vrabie, A. 2022. Host country R&D determinants of MNE entry strategy: A study of ownership in the automobile industry. Research Policy47(2), pp. 474-486. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2017.12.001


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