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Gender Inequality in Household Roles and Work-Family Conflict

Gender inequality and coordination in families and places of work result in work-family conflict. The disproportionate participation in chores by parents to their children has been associated with increased work-family conflicts. Thus, this essay will determine if the unequal delegation of household duties between women and men is linked to increased work-family conflicts.

Gender roles are vital to the comprehension of work-home routines. These are shared ideologies applicable to people based on the societal definition of gender, which forms the foundation of labor division in societies. Home as a space, and duties of households as part of this integral space, that assume women are in charge of household duties, thus, contributing to the work-home conflict of women than of men more highly (Giménez-Nadal et al., 2019), this has not been checked empirically. This essay focuses on the interrelationship between household chores and gender roles and how that relates to the work-family conflict women face in society.

Research shows that certain genders play distinct roles. Nonetheless, how that correlates to work-family conflicts is a significant controversy resulting in empirical debates. According to Forsberg, variations in work-home competition more often, varying from distinctions in the work-family war experiences to the existence of varying work and home settings for men and women. Nonetheless, studies in the work-home interface do not consider sexuality a factor; however, they identify the most correlating and differential alliances for women and men.

From a cultural perspective, the roles of women and men have always been different. There are chores associated with women alone, and men involving themselves in them would be against society’s norms. Delegation of roles based on the idea that they are associated with either gender boosts the inequality. A division always arises on which functions are too hard to perform, often linked to one gender. Indoor chores such as cleaning utensils and clothes have been referred to the female gender, and changing this may initiate conflicts. Similarly, the conventional gender role structure articulates that the work realm is more important for men than women (Zhu & Chang, 2019)

In contrast, the home realm and efficiency are vital for women. The conventional gender role structure has a cultural foundation and was described in their characterization of the roles of men and women. The system assumes that the essentiality of household duties and effectiveness are distinct dimensions and that the influential parts requiring little energy are always women’s gender roles. In contrast, the essential and masculine functions are that of men.

Effects of time available to perform household roles by the genders are the basis of inequality in many families. Women are deemed functional at home most of the time compared to men leaving them with many chores to ensure everything has been done, from laundry to cooking. Men, the breadwinners of many families, are required to provide for the family, which is accomplished only when they are not at home, giving them little or no time to perform their essential functions at home, leaving them to the women.

Comprehending the specific circumstances within which partners can accomplish the social equality of the division of menage labor comprises one of the significant steps in achieving gender equity in the family domains (Lachance-Grzela & Bouchard, 2010). Family setups differ, and the way they do their functions should be taken into account. Each gender should understand what they are required to do and avoid conflicts when one doesn’t know what is expected. Women’s chores that need expressiveness may not be handled well when delegated to men, while the essentiality brought about by the nature of the men’s role in the house may not be done, well, women. In essence, there should be a precise analysis of the kind of job to be done by either of the genders.

The period needed for caring for family and conducting menage I am among the critical factors in the work-home conflict resulting from the family domain, particularly in extended families with children. So, the family spheres with children often encounter many challenges in coping with marital disputes and alleviated strain levels than their counterpart families lacking children. In this perspective, the gender roles structure presupposes that the type of role demands varies based on men and women, and the roles function as coordinators of work faced conflicts.

The peak level of work-home interference in women rises from the varying association of women and men’s menage duties, including caring for children. Several research and studies revealed an extended association of women as revealed in several surveys (Borelli et al., 2017). Thus, if women become active members of the labor force and spendincrease the time they spend with their children, they do not assume a reduction in their wages compared to when women keep getting interrupted due to family matters or stay at home take care of their children. Men maintain complete involvement in their work as their feminine counterparts takes care of the family. Therefore, it can be deduced that the interferences of the work-family conflict most influence women. Their intense involvement in family matters reduces their strength, time, and dedication to their work. Nonetheless, men are less impacted by interferences of work in the family. High involvement in the family structure is connected to alleviated wok-family interference.

The parents may also act as an essential element in reducing gender equalities since they are the ones who give roles to their children. Teaching the children right by avoiding discrimination in the delegation of duties will significantly lessen the rivalry created as to whom to undertake the different house roles. Parents need to understand the best ways to neutralize the parts without favoring any gender. The positions should be speculated, and every child understands what they are supposed to do.

Support from the parents positively impacts the children’s performance and goes much ahead in reducing the conflicts. Children’s gender will only be a minor factor in giving out roles, and they will grow to have a positive attitude towards any job they are given, and the view will be changed on who should do a specific job.

Gender equality and work faced conflict are essential, and achieving requires a lot from the education of the families to clear guidance on how to give out roles to the genders. Functions associated with a particular gender should be eliminated because this becomes a referent to only one gender. For example, when the chores such as cooking are only made for women, this builds a perception in the mind of everyone. An equal society begins with women reclaiming their solid voices and realizing that they have a sound equivalent to men. Gender equality is a vital element that significantly contributes to a healthy society to build respectful relationships and allow peaceful coexistence.

The priority areas to combat the work faced conflicts and ensure gender equality involves increasing female participation in decision making and the similarity in economic sovereignty of men and women based on reducing the earnings, gender pay, and pension gaps, which facilitate poverty eradication in women, promote equality between men and women in decision-making it will get rid of gender-based violence. Also, it helps in supporting and protecting the victims while promoting gender equality and the rights of women globally.

Men also have a vital responsibility of ensuring progress towards gender equality is achieved. This includes equal sharing of roles at home by equally caring for dependants, forming one of the preconditions for equal participation of women in the labor force.


Lachance-Grzela, M., & Bouchard, G. (2010). Why do women do the lion’s share of housework? A decade of research. Sex roles63(11), 767-780.

Forsberg, E., & Olsson, L. (2016). Gender inequality and internal conflict. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.

Giménez-Nadal, J. I., Mangiavacchi, L., & Piccoli, L. (2019). Keeping inequality at home: The genesis of gender roles in housework. Labour Economics58, 52-68.

Blau, F. D. (2016). Gender, inequality, and wages. OUP Catalogue.

Zhu, N., & Chang, L. (2019). Evolved but not fixed: a life history account of gender roles and gender inequality. Frontiers in psychology10, 1709.


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