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Essay on Early Childhood Development


From conception until the age of eight years, early childhood development (ECD) is a period of fast and significant growth. For children’s physical health, intellectual, lingual, and social-emotional development, adequate nourishment, proper healthcare, early education, safety and exercise are all critical. A child’s future physiological, psychological, emotional, and social empowerment are heavily influenced by early contacts with parents and early educational experiences. Optimizing children’s early years is the greatest investment we can make as a whole in ensuring their future success. In this article, I’ll look at some similar articles about early childhood development and offer my thoughts on them at the end.

Academic achievement, economic productivity, political involvement, long-term wellness, stronger communities, and good parenting of the next generation are all built on the basis of early childhood development (particularly from infancy to around three years old). According to strong research, children learn more when they are young, mostly at least the first five to six years of their lives than just about any other point in their whole lives. The pace of learning declines beyond the first six years. You’re building the groundwork for a child’s future learning and achievement in school and their whole life. The brain develops the most throughout the first six years of a child’s life. Neurons are evolving at a faster rate than they have ever been before.

According to World Health Organization (2020), whatever a youngster learns throughout their early years of life will stay with them. As a result, a youngster may face issues in adulthood if they are exposed to harsh and dangerous situations. They discover that their troubles are linked to their early experiences via counselling. Because the first few years have such a significant influence, you must create a strong foundation of love, support, and pleasure. It will have a substantial impact on their future lives and relationships. According to research, there is a significant link between a child’s early growth and future success. Children may experience learning challenges in various instances. The earlier you recognize a problem, the more likely it is to be treated successfully. You will be able to give more assistance if you can detect your child’s difficulties early on. You may speak with a professional and receive an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Early therapy can sometimes help fix a problem before it gets more serious. The sooner you recognize a learning issue in your child, the better.

The more pleasant experiences a youngster gets as a child, the more positive view they will acquire and the more hopeful they will be despite their circumstances. When a youngster excels at anything early in life, it motivates them to try again and boosts their self-esteem. As a result of the rise in confidence, they will attempt new activities and pursue new interests. Early childhood development is influenced by personality, much like every other area of life (Richter, et al., 2020). Babies begin to develop a sense of self and nature even before birth. Each event they have after they are born shapes and forms their personality somehow. Make careful to emphasize your child’s work rather than their character when you praise them. “I noticed how hard you worked on that,” rather than “you are brilliant,” says the speaker. This will enable kids to perceive themselves in the best possible light and build stronger personalities.

Your relationship with your child, as a parent, will be their first encounter with a relationship. Your relationship may be one of just a handful throughout the early years if they start school or preschool later. The way you conduct your connection with your child will impact how healthy their future relationships will be. They’ll keep an eye on you and take notes on everything you do. They will learn to interact and build good ties with others if they are in a healthy relationship. On the other hand, the reverse is also true. The way you interact with your child will teach them how to interact with others. Early childhood development has a significant influence on subsequent school learning ability. If children do not grow up in a healthy environment, they may have considerable difficulties studying in school. What youngsters learn at home and in preschool throughout their early years has a significant influence on the types of learners they become in formal schooling. They’ll have mastered the fundamentals and the capacity to listen and concentrate in class.

Because newborns cannot communicate, they must rely on their perceptions and emotions to learn. They have an incredible ability to pick up on their mother’s and caregiver’s feelings. When you’re sad or worried, your baby senses it and reacts accordingly. They’re also fantastic at detecting social signs. If they notice you are depressed, they will get depressed as well. When you grin at them, they immediately return your smile. That is their only means of communication in the absence of language. They will learn and develop healthy social and emotional health if their home is a safe and appealing place. They will realize that there are various emotions and that it is OK to experience them. Early childhood is the time to lay the groundwork for the rest of their lives, not just in social and emotional development but also in all areas.

The physical health of a kid is also shaped by early childhood development. Brushing children’s teeth from the time they have their first tooth can help them maintain good personal hygiene (Dankiw, et al., 2020). A youngster who grows up in a healthy family is more likely to grow up to be healthy. Make it a point to instil good behaviours in children from a young age. From a young age, you may assist your child in developing a passion for learning. They will like school and the learning process if you promote it. If you don’t, they can have a tougher time in school. Make it entertaining and thrilling for your child while teaching them how to accomplish anything. This will help kids understand that learning should be enjoyable. Encourage children not to give up if they fail at anything they’re trying to learn but try again. The brain of a youngster is like a sponge. Even at such an early age, they desire to learn. They are interested in everything. What your youngster acquires in their first several years on earth will significantly influence their future.


Finally, from the reviewed articles above, we can see that early childhood is a critical time for influencing a child’s holistic development and building the foundation for their future success. To realize their full potential, children require health care and nutrition, protection from harm and a sense of security, opportunities for childhood growth, and responsive parenting – such as chatting, singing, and amusing – from parents and guardians who love them. All of this is necessary to nourish growing bodies and developing minds.

As seen in the data provided by Richter, et al., children throughout the world are growing up in violent, polluted environments and are under a lot of stress because they aren’t getting the nutrition or medical care they need. They miss out on schooling experiences and lack the stimulation that their growing brains require to thrive. Their parents and caregivers find it difficult to find the time, money, and resources needed to offer loving care to their children in these conditions.

Countless hundreds of highly vulnerable youngsters, including those living below the poverty line or devastated by violence and natural disasters, children on the move, youngsters from marginalized communities, and children with special needs, miss out on this once-in-a-lifetime chance on a regular basis. When children miss out on this once-in-a-lifetime chance, they pay the price for their unrealized potential by dying before reaching adulthood or enduring a lifestyle of poor physical and mental health, which makes it hard to study and, as a result, earn a living. And we’ll all pay the price for it. That is why the World Health Organization establishes certain guidelines for improving early childhood development. Failure to provide children with the best possible start in life results in generations of poverty and disadvantage, weakening our society’s load bearing capacity.


Dankiw, K. A., Tsiros, M. D., Baldock, K. L., & Kumar, S. (2020). The impacts of unstructured nature play on health in early childhood development: A systematic review. Plos one15(2), e0229006.

Richter, L. M., Cappa, C., Issa, G., Lu, C., Petrowski, N., & Naicker, S. N. (2020). Data for action on early childhood development. The Lancet396(10265), 1784-1786.

World Health Organization. (2020). Improving early childhood development: WHO guideline. World Health Organization.


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