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Espoused Reality vs Actuality


In keeping with the name, espoused reality verse actuality is the firm’s stated values and ideals. The way members engage with one another and represent the organization is determined by the values they hold. Principles are reaffirmed via public statements like the list of fundamental importance, which is well named, and through everyday utterances and norms. Senior managers’ public pronouncements about an organization’s principles may distinguish between espoused and applied ideals. However, professed values are also employed to boost the image of companies while study into the link between them and their activities continues. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the promotion of socially relevant principles are becoming more critical in today’s business world. These fundamental beliefs shape organizational culture. These deeply held views have not been recorded but are well-known to the general population. It does not matter what one organization’s stated ideas are; it’s the underlying beliefs that influence conduct. When the two are out of whack, their organization’s actions will expose its authentic culture, which might be terrible news for their business.


The concept of espoused reality versus actuality is diverse in any organization. In simple terms, espoused reality is defined as core values, behavior, norms, and performance within the organization. Whereas actuality is the term as the existence, that contrasts what one believed in most cases. Managers must watch their team’s actions and the external factors that affect their performance. It’s impossible to determine whether a management strategy is functioning or if it needs to be tweaked without ongoing monitoring. As a manager, one must keep everyone moving toward the objective by controlling what one can own. Temperature and employee workstations are examples of components that one person may control. Therefore, this essay aims to illustrate the espoused reality verse the actuality (Norman et al., 2018).

First, it may be difficult for a manager tasked with ensuring that a particular department adheres to the basic principles and aims of the firm to keep its values and views in check since the chosen values, practices, norms, and performance of a company, its specific divisions, or the exposed reality represents its workers. It depicts the company’s ideal image regarding how it wants to be perceived by its staff and consumers. Businesses are increasingly employing individuals worldwide, which necessitates a better understanding of how cultural variations may influence their security practices. According to research, organizational information systems are thought to be influenced by country culture. In nations where cultural norms take precedence over organizational structure, cultural variations are likely to impact significantly. It’s also been shown that the country’s culture may have a distinct effect on how people abuse the IS (Norman et al., 2019). The rationality, intellect, or qualities of users are also examined in contemporary research. Several research, for example, used a practical approach to discourage usage. As a result, a lot of research on abuse is based on the idea of deterrence.

In other words, cultures where normative norms and collective memory are essential in molding behavior. This individual evaluation is cost-benefit since it junction with cultural traits and organizational environment is noteworthy. This is so because of the importance of one’s social network in East Asian cultures; the possibility of shame coming from discovering individual abuse may make perceived organizational consequences a more important worry than the severity of punishment. In addition, community cohesion takes precedence over personal desires. One may want things to be flawless and unique, but they do not want them to be true to themselves. It’s possible to lose the respect of one worker and derail the department’s performance if manager supervises their staff based on the truth. Managers might employ various methods to avoid confronting the harsh realities of the job. For both commercial and non-commercial organizations, management is essential. Management may be defined as the process of bringing together all an organization’s resources, including its people, to maximize their effectiveness in attaining the organization’s ultimate objectives. It is the responsibility of organizational managers to organize and lead the various activities and individuals who have specific skills to ensure that the organization achieves its goals following the missions, vision, and values that stakeholders are a part of. A business’s success can be attributed to a well-executed management strategy (Norman et al., 2018).

When it comes to integrities and ethics, managing people via a lens of revealed reality is not just a moral problem but might also become a legal one. An employee, particularly a management, represents the company they work for. Organizational culture is reflected in the attitudes, values, beliefs, and practices of ethical business practices. Managers who fail to behave themselves in an open, honest, and ethical manner jeopardize the company’s reputation and the confidence and well-being of their employees. To achieve their goals, top managers delegate particular responsibilities to their subordinates. Their immediate assistants then delegate duties to workers in their respective departments. In order to keep track of the progress of their aims, top managers execute a series of important actions. Team leadership may be gratifying and tiring at the same time. For busy team leaders, it may be challenging to check in with their employees and make sure they are happy, creative, and on the right road. Another option is to use these six basic and successful methods for managing a team. Communication channels and feedback opportunities may build a solid support system for the employees. Teams may be more accountable, trustworthy, and less hierarchical using this.

By realizing their (managers) role in defining the ethics and culture of their department, managers may avoid espoused reality in the workplace. The only places where reality exists are in the brains of those who experience it (Hedsköld et al., 2021). There is no such thing as right or wrong, as many instances and conceptualizations of what is demonstrated. People see what they want to visit from experience and take it to reality because that is what they want to see. As a manager, one must always be aware of the importance of their actions and how they reflect on the department and the people they supervise. Refraining from pursuing personal interests that conflict with the company’s vision and objectives. To guarantee that organizational goals are met, managers must do the last technical and intellectual control duty. Plans often depict desired outcomes, but managers are confronted with the harsh realities of the natural world, which may cause deviations from the original strategy. Because some workers may take advantage of their supervisors’ authority, managers may withhold information to safeguard their enterprises.

Most importantly, avoiding attending meetings is an excellent way for a manager to escape accepting reality. In this situation, a manager’s immediate subordinates meet with the manager’s immediate supervisor. Anonymous polls of employee opinions on the manager’s performance might also be used similarly. Impractical idealists have denied anything beyond what they see and experience in this world because they believe that we can only see what we see and experience in this world directly. A more recent hypothesis, dubbed phenomenalism, has also been proposed and has some characteristics with the original (Shrentzel, 2018). Even if the manager isn’t aware of the employee’s perception of the management’s delinquency, they may use the information provided by the feedback to remedy the situation and restore employee trust and confidence.

Daily meetings, an open-door policy, and one-on-one conversations may help build a relationship of trust and openness with staff. If a manager does not have a strong connection with their team or feels they do not know them very well, they may be more likely to fake reality. An honest manager will have an easier time communicating this with the team they interact with every day if a firm is not performing and projected and incentives, such as bonuses or overtime, need to be scaled down. Even if the message may be terrible news, the workers will appreciate the openness of the information. What a person sees is not solely dependent on the fact that they perceive it. Despite one’s fundamental contention that sensible things cannot exist until they are observed, they did not assume that a single human is the only one who can do so. Since a sentient creature or a spirit aware of its thoughts is mindful of its senses (Shrentzel, 2018). Leading is another logical and technical duty that managers are expected to fulfill their tasks and responsibilities. Leadership may be done in various ways, but the most effective methods are those that do not force others to conform to a leader’s ideals. Managers should exercise leadership by providing inspiration, communicating effectively, and actively participating in team activities.


The write-up encapsulates the critical ideas about espoused reality versus reality. It provides critical analysis through a simple illustration from managers and employees. Getting an honest assessment of performance from employees is the goal of skip-level meetings and employee surveys like these. Due to a manager’s inability to respond quickly to emails, they may be viewed as dishonest. Employees may show distrust if a manager fails to respond to an email sent to them after two days have passed. The analysis of managers’ view of reality agrees with distinguished scholars, who postulated that everything exists only in the mind.


Hedsköld, M., Sachs, M. A., Rosander, T., von Knorring, M., & Pukk Härenstam, K. (2021). Acting between guidelines and reality-an interview study exploring the strategies of first line managers in patient safety work. BMC Health Services Research21(1), 1-10.

Norman, L., Rankin-Wright, A. J., & Allison, W. (2018). “It’sa concrete ceiling; It’s not even glass”: Understanding tenets of organizational culture that supports the progression of women as coaches and coach developers. Journal of Sport and Social Issues42(5), 393-414.

Shrentzel, I. (2018). verses and Reality: what the Koran Really says about Jews. Jewish Political Studies Review29(3/4), 25-39.


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