To create a new country, America was enraged due to Britain’s colonialist power. It desired independence and the ability to trade with any country it wanted freely and independently. The significant events that took place and finally led to the American Revolution, independence, and creation of a new country occurred between the 1700s and 1800s.
Creating a new country in the United States began with the American Revolution, which was triggered by several major issues but had different ideals. These issues were often expressed in major events during the formation of the new country.
During the 1760s, the American colonies enjoyed autonomy, governed by local colonial legislatures. In 1765, the Stamp Act was passed to impose internal taxation. In 1770, the Boston massacre indulged the British Government in repealing most of the Townshend duties while retaining tea taxation that gave it the right to impose taxes on the colonies. The British enacted the new law, called the Tea Act, that required Americans to buy their tea, causing furry among the Americans. The Coercive Acts of 1774 closed Boston Harbor, appointed a new British council, provided sweeping powers to the British governor-general of the military, and forbade town meetings that were not approved. The war of Lexington in 1775, and British attacks on coastal towns in 1776, finally triggered the American revolution (AQA, 2021).
The American Revolution, 1776 -1783
The revolutionary war led to 13 North American Britain colonies winning independence and forming the United States of America. The desire for the Britain government to assert more control to another decade of estrangement. In 1776, George Washington led the Continental Army and Navy to defeat the British military and secure independence. In 1778, France and America formed a military alliance that provided military and financial support. The British were armed to invade New York and Canada, while George Rogers Clark led American forces to capture several British posts. In 1780, Britain forces conducted raids on Maryland communities which led to Virginia taking necessary measures, where a joint French and American army forced the British army to surrender. New York and Charles Town were in the hands of the British Government until a peace treaty was signed in 1983 (The Constitutional, 2011).
After the war, 1783 – 1800
1782 to 1787 followed the establishment of the independent states, with the loyal Americans leaving America to establish themselves in Britain, Canada establishing itself as the U.S neighbor. Indians moved further west away from the independent states. A state’s convention in Philadelphia proposed a new constitution, which was ratified by nine states. 1789 -1791 events followed George Washington’s inauguration as the first president in his first term, the capital of the state being moved to Philadelphia temporarily as Washington D.C was being prepared, creation of the first bank in the U.S, and ratification of the Bill of Rights. In 1793, George Washington was inaugurated into his second term. 1797and 1800 followed John Adam’s inauguration as the second president into his first and only term. The moving of the Capital from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C, as slave laws are tightened in Virginia, with rebels being hanged to death (Jackson, 2019).
Several events took place between 1801 and 1808; Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated in Washington, D.C as the third president, the acts of the Congress were declared unconstitutional, Louisiana was purchased from France, and Thomas Jefferson received his second inauguration. In 1809, James Madison was inaugurated as the fourth president. 1812 to 1814 followed another series of wars and events. The U.S declared war on Britain because Britain interfered with American maritime shipping and westward expansion. James Madison was also inaugurated for the second time. The British forces captured Washington, D.C, and set the White House on fire. An official treaty to end the war was eventually signed (Jackson, 2019).
How and why significant issues and ideas were expressed in major events
The significant issues that led to the revolution were challenging to the Americans. Americans such as John Adams and Mercy Otis believed that policies set by the British Government expanded their rights and forced the need for independence. These issues such as taxation, slavery, closed Western frontier, and commercial restrictions were addressed in such events to gain unity towards working for freedom and expressing the American’s disgust and fury towards such laws from the colonialists.
The American Revolution was a global event that led to the formation of a new state, the United States of America, following the fight for independence by the thirteen states against the colonial rule by the Britain government. The events occurring between 1774 and 1815 were significant to creating a new country in America, its success, and its failures. After their independence and end of the war, the U.S was in a struggle to establish itself as a unified and independent state, with a constant change of leaders.
Jackson. V, A. (2019). The New Nation, 1783 -1815. Retrieved from https://ap.gilderlehrman.org/essay/new-nation-1783%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%80%9C1815?period=4
AQA. (2021). 2G The Birth of the USA, 1760-1801. Retrieved from https://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/history/as-and-a-level/history-7041-7042/subject-content/2g-the-birth-of-the-usa,-17601801
The Constitutional. (2011). The Road to Nationhood. Retrieved from https://www.theconstitutional.com/sites/www.theconstitutional.com/files/pdfs/Road_to_Nationhood.pdf