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Business Case: Renovation of the Old Factory


The transformation of the old factory into a multifunctional space offers an enticing business prospect, as stated in the project charter. This business case thoroughly evaluates the project, encompassing its financial feasibility, potential advantages, and labour needs. This endeavour will play a pivotal role in revitalising the community and generating economic value by repurposing the factory into loft apartments, office spaces, and retail units while honouring its historical significance (Verhoglyadova, 2022). With a focus on sustainability and preservation, this project aligns with the broader goals of enhancing the local area and fostering a vibrant and thriving environment. Through a comprehensive analysis, this business case will shed light on the potential of this venture, providing stakeholders with valuable insights for informed decision-making and successful execution.

Financial Analysis

Cost Estimate

Accurately assessing the financial feasibility of a project requires a detailed cost estimate. In the case of the renovation project, the budget will incorporate various elements. These include architectural fees, covering professional services for the project’s design and planning. Construction costs will regard the charges related to labour, outfit, and materials demanded to execute the additional work. Also, materials will be regarded in the budget to cover the purchase or procurement of necessary structure factors. Permits and licenses are another important consideration, accounting for the expenses of obtaining the required legal permissions for the renovation. Subcontractor fees will cover any specialised tasks or services outsourced to third-party contractors. Landscaping expenses are included if the renovation involves outdoor areas. Utilities and infrastructure upgrades will address any necessary improvements to the existing systems or infrastructure (RAVID, 2020). Finally, contingency funds will be allocated to account for unforeseen expenses or project scope changes. Each expense category will be thoroughly analysed, considering all pertinent elements and considerations to enable accurate budgeting and effective resource allocation.

Revenue Projection

The revenue projection hinges on the prosperous leasing of loft apartments, office spaces, and retail units as the key factors. To accurately estimate the revenue, it is crucial to conduct thorough market research to gauge the demand for these spaces within the community and ascertain the achievable rental rates. Alongside leasing, supplementary income can be derived from various ancillary services offered. These services include property management, maintenance, and common area fees, contributing to the overall revenue stream. An educated prediction of the anticipated revenue for the given term may be created by carefully analysing the market demand, prospective rental prices, and extra revenue from auxiliary services. This comprehensive approach will provide a holistic understanding of the revenue potential and enable effective financial planning and decision-making.

Return on Investment (ROI)

Calculating the return on investment is crucial in deciding if a project is financially Viable. This evaluation considers the initial investment and the projected annual income derived from the rental suites. Conducting a sensitivity analysis becomes imperative to gauge how different rental rates and occupancy levels can influence the ROI. By examining various scenarios, potential fluctuations in revenue and occupancy can be anticipated, enabling a comprehensive assessment of the project’s financial attractiveness (Pieczka & Wowrzeczka, 2021. This analysis offers valuable insights into the project’s profitability and guides decision-making regarding rental rates, occupancy targets, and investment strategies (Li, 2020). With a thorough understanding of the ROI, stakeholders can make informed choices, optimise returns, and mitigate risks associated with the project, ultimately ensuring its long-term success and financial sustainability.

Labour Requirements

Project Team

The successful execution of the renovation project will require a dedicated project team comprising various professionals. The key team members will include a Project Manager overseeing the entire project, managing the budget, coordinating with stakeholders, and ensuring timely completion. An Architect will lead the architectural design phase, balancing historic preservation requirements with modern functionality and ensuring compliance with regulations and guidelines. Contractors and subcontractors, skilled professionals, will be responsible for executing the construction and renovation work according to the approved plans and specifications (Kickert, 2019). Engineers will provide expertise in structural and mechanical aspects, conducting assessments and ensuring compliance with building codes and regulations. Permitting specialists will facilitate the permit approval and ensure compliance with local building codes and regulations. Together, this team will collaborate to bring the renovation project to fruition.

Labour Skills and Numbers

The labour needs for the renovation project will evolve across its distinct phases. The skills of engineers, engineers, and the project director will be crucial throughout the early design phase. When the project moves into the structure phase, a bigger labour force will be needed, including construction workers, electricians, plumbers, HVAC specialists, and landscapers. The specific number of labourers required will be contingent upon the project’s scale and estimated timeline. Engaging a reputable construction management firm is advisable to aid in labour planning and management, guaranteeing the efficient allocation of skilled professionals and adherence to designated timelines (Gasparis, 2020). This partnership will ensure that the project proceeds smoothly, with the right mix of labour skills and adequate personnel numbers present at each stage. The renovation project can maintain productivity, quality, and timeliness by effectively coordinating labour resources, leading to a successful outcome.

Benefits and Stakeholders


Renovating the old factory will bring numerous benefits to the community and stakeholders. Firstly, it will drive economic growth by developing loft apartments, office spaces, and retail units, attracting residents, businesses, and visitors. This increased activity will create job opportunities and boost the local economy. Secondly, the project will save the factory’s historical significance and architectural integrity, contributing to the community’s cultural heritage (Fouseki, 2022). This preservation effort will ensure future generations can appreciate and learn from the area’s history. Thirdly, the addition of attractive living spaces, collaborative work surroundings, and vibrant retail areas will improve the overall livability of the neighbourhood, making it an appealing place for people to settle and invest in (Zonn et al., 2021). Lastly, upgrading the electrical, plumbing, and HVAC systems will enhance energy effectiveness, reducing the project’s environmental impact and promoting sustainability.


The stakeholders involved in the renovation project play crucial roles in its success and impact. The project sponsor provides vital funding and is vested in the project’s financial viability. The project manager coordinates with stakeholders, manages timelines and budgets, and aligns the project with the sponsor’s vision. The architect’s expertise is essential in designing a renovation that balances historic preservation with modern functionality. Contractors and subcontractors execute the construction work, employing skilled labour to transform the old factory into the desired space (Femenías, Mjörnell & Thuvander, 2018). The future tenants of the apartments, office spaces, and retail units are important stakeholders, and engaging with them throughout the process ensures their satisfaction. The local community, including residents, businesses, and associations, is a key stakeholder, and engaging with them minimises disruptions and fosters community support.


Renovating the old factory into rental suites presents a compelling business case. By repurposing the factory into loft apartments, office spaces, and retail units while conserving its literal significance, the project will contribute to the community’s revitalisation and produce profitable value. The financial analysis, including cost estimation, revenue projection, and ROI computation, will give valuable insights into the project’s financial feasibility. Also, labour conditions have been linked, pressing the need for skilled professionals across various disciplines (Dziadkiewicz, 2019). The project’s benefits, including economic growth, heritage preservation, bettered community livability, and environmental sustainability, will produce value for stakeholders and the original community. Engaging and uniting with stakeholders throughout the project will ensure their input is considered, enterprises are addressed, and positive connections are built. Overall, the additional project offers a unique occasion to transfigure the old factory into a vibrant and functional space that meets the community’s requirements. With careful planning, effective execution, and effective stakeholder operation, the project has the implicit to be a successful adventure.


Dziadkiewicz, M. (2019) ‘”Rental for renovation” programs in the renovation gap management of communal resources of Municipalities’, Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Humanitas Zarządzanie, 20(4), pp. 275–288. doi:10.5604/01.3001.0014.0323.

Femenías, P., Mjörnell, K. & Thuvander, L. (2018) ‘Rethinking deep renovation: The perspective of rental housing in Sweden’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 195, pp. 1457–1467. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.282.

Fouseki, K. (2022). Heritage Dynamics: Understanding and adapting to change in diverse heritage contexts (p. 255). UCL Press. DOI: https://doi:10.14324/111.9781787358331

Gasparis, C. (2020) ‘Venetian Crete’, Hell in the Byzantine World, pp. 60–116. doi:10.1017/9781108596831.004.

Kickert, C. (2019). Dream City: creation, destruction, and Reinvention in Downtown Detroit. MIT Press. DOI:

Li, P. (2020) ‘Rental Housing Market and Peasants’ Rationality’, Urban Village Renovation, pp. 59–65. doi:10.1007/978-981-15-8971-3_7.

Pieczka, M., & Wowrzeczka, B. (2021). Art in post-industrial facilities—Adaptive reuse strategies for art exhibition function in Poland. Buildings11(10), 487.

RAVID, B.C. (2020) ‘Excursus 1’:, The Autobiography of a Seventeenth-Century Venetian Rabbi, pp. 279–283. doi:10.2307/j.ctv10h9d6q.15.

Verhoglyadova, P.E. (2022) ‘On the renovation of the main production case of the leather factory named after A.N. Radishchev: The problem of preservation historical interior’, Месмахеровские чтения – 2022. Материалы международной научно-практической конференции. Сборник научных статей [Preprint]. doi:10.54874/9785604789377_445.

Zonn, I.S. et al. (2021) ‘Venetian Arsenal (veneziani arsenal)’, The Adriatic Sea Encyclopedia, pp. 359–359. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-50032-0_597.


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