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Advancing Women and Girls’ Global Health Using Human Rights/ Social Justice Lens


Using the Scale of Change theory, researchers in global health are better able to target women’s health outcomes in a synergistic approach while also increasing their rights to freedom, equity, and equal opportunity. This may be done in six distinct ways by researchers in health. Findings from the study should be disseminated to local policymakers to influence health care priorities. The social conditions linked to women’s disease should be publicized to raise awareness of the problem (Speizer, Bremner, & Farid, 2022). According to this article’s major argument, studying women’s illness and well-being may help advance women’s human rights, liberty, equity, and equality.

These tactics were tested in Nigeria, where an obstetric fistula reduction case study was done to examine the conceptual and practical difficulties of implementing these concepts in research. Health researchers were tasked with examining women’s health concerns from their human rights as a foundation for their work. Women’s sickness loads are three times greater than those of males, highlighting the need to tackle socioeconomic factors that make them more susceptible to disease. World Health Organization (WHO) statistics show that women are more vulnerable to sickness than men (WHO). Health systems around the world are experiencing a variety of problems, including prevalent and relentless imbalance in clinical care, shorter life expectancies due to sexually transmitted diseases and a lack of sexuality and fertility ratio, a high death rate from unceasing bodily and psychological illnesses, a lack of knowledge about the gendered effects of these diseases, and a lack of quality of life for girls that has an impact on their health as women later in life ( Yount et al. 2018). As a result of these factors, women are overrepresented in the world’s poorest communities, forced or early marriages are more common than ever before, and the unmet need for family planning is widespread. As a result, women are more likely to experience domestic and sexual violence than any other demographic. They are also more likely to experience these factors because they are deprived of educational opportunities. Political marginalization, social exclusion due to gender or race/ethnicity, and labor injustice are only a few of women’s social challenges daily. Both rich and low-income countries have a wide range of women’s experiences in these scenarios. There is a correlation between socioeconomic status and poor health outcomes for women, particularly those with limited resources. Women’s rights organizations throughout the globe have been focusing on these socioeconomic concerns for decades. To advance health results and women’s constitutional rights, researchers must aggressively target the second stage of force.

While focusing on specific health benefits, the study highlights aspects that contribute to women’s health issues, such as educational and social traditions that drawback women. There is no need to spend a lot of money to get a greater effect with our practice alternatives. Extending research beyond specific objectives raises conceptual and practical issues, which we are aware of. A study on Nigeria’s obstetric fistula focusing on first- and second-level implications is presented to identify possible alternatives. Ultimately, we want to help the research industry flourish by directly addressing the health problems of women and the fundamental freedoms and rights that we all enjoy as human beings. Movements for women’s human rights are born out of the fear that the freedoms, justice, and equality of opportunity that women enjoy at home, in their communities, and in families are being trampled upon. Every nation has signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), that serves as the cornerstone of women’s rights (Shanon et al., 2019).

This international treaty mandates that civil society groups develop constitutions, regulations, and policies that protect the rights of all persons, regardless of their national or social identities, under this international convention. All of the four Global convention on Women’s Rights taking place since 1975 have affirmed the importance of protecting women’s rights as a ethical, and biased obligation, with demands that women’s primary freedom and personal self-esteem be openly shielded from meddling in any circumstance around the world.

The conference on the abolition of All manner of unfairness Against Women (CEDAW, 1979) and the Declaration on the abolition of Violence Against Women have been approved by ninety percent of nations (1993). Similar topics may be found, for example, in the Maputo procedure to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on Women’s Rights in Africa (Maputo Protocol, 2003).Discrimination is defined as “sex-based exclusion or limitation that arises from… limiting or nullifying women’s recognition, enjoyment, or participation in political, economic, social, cultural, and civic, as well as other human rights and fundamental freedoms.” It is necessary to expose and eliminate women’s status as second-class citizens in society. Health-related human rights are addressed in a number of international treaties. Many international health and mental health organizations, governments, and women’s service provider organizations, The United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO) have issued comments recommending the inclusion of communal and psychological health guidelines into program design across women’s living conditions in order to minimize global mental health suffering caused by interpersonal hostility.

At the Cairo International Conference on Population and Development in 1994, more than 179 countries agreed on a Program of act highlighting the importance of women’s reproductive health and rights, as well as women’s strength and gender fairness. As a result of these global and regional agreements, advances in women’s health are inextricably linked to achievements in women’s human rights. No. 24 (1999), for example, emphasizes the need of equitable marital and family relationships for women’s reproductive health. Violence against women, according to 21 (1994), is a serious international issue, resulting in injuries and fatalities all over the world. Finally, one of the fundamental assumptions behind these commitments is that women’s health and sickness must be seen through the prism of human rights, which is also our point of view.

Academics have a responsibility, not a choice, to address women’s socioeconomic status when it comes to their health (Logie, Perez-Brumer, & Parker, 2021).There is a correlation between women’s health and social challenges. Yet, most academics, including De Negri Filho, ignore the need to do health research that tackles the social inequalities that drive sickness. International women’s human rights requirements and local reform attempts, we believe, are not well known to health researchers. As defined by human rights treaties, there is little attention to any moral or ethical need to address gender inequities that worsen women’s illness vulnerability in developing individual health advances. We urge that researchers concentrate on women’s illnesses and oppressive sociocultural settings for women’s human rights to bridge the gap. We provide both a strategy and strategies to help guide future research in this area. Increasing the health research’s social impact


Business leaders have used the Scale of Change idea to help them better understand the social and cultural ramifications of their decisions. Using this approach, we may simultaneously work on improving women’s wellbeing and protecting their personal rights. The scope of a company’s strategic objectives is meant by the term “scale” in this context. Changing the underlying patterns of a system’s social ties requires great change, whereas a large adjustment affecting many people and situations necessitates wide change. We focus on the long-term social consequences of a study’s findings. Our goal is to ensure that women’s health and well-being are prioritized in the planning, redesign, and implementation of healthcare services. Although these advancements are admirable, their use in the healthcare system may be limited. Our focus is on activities that impact women’s social environments, as shown by this hypothetical scenario of HIV and antiretroviral therapy (ART). Research into the impact of antiretroviral therapy on the quality of life of girls and women newly diagnosed with HIV could be conducted to improve their standard of living (ART). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) that reduces viral loads may be advantageous on a basic level. Therapy may provide clinical comfort, but some of the behaviors that increase a woman’s risk of HIV infection may not change. To get married at a young age, women may still be forced to drop out of school. Social conventions may limit their sexual agency, which is skewed toward men. HIV-positive individuals may be subjected to stigma, discrimination, and abuse by an intimate partner (IPV); consequently, there is a lot of tension and stress. HOWEVER, if ART is stopped, health advantages may be lost while socioeconomic circumstances remain the same.

An HIV researcher may provide ART while the study operation is being changed to improve the socio-economic conditions of women via the use of strategic measures. In several methods, this may be achieved. Women’s rights organizations could collaborate with researchers to offer society-based learning on artistic and sex based norms that put women at a higher jeopardy for HIV than men, provide learning motivation to women and girls in participants’ family unit to improve teaching and level of education, and encourage the use of female protections to boost women’s position to safeguard themselves from HIV infection. To better understand the long-term effects of ART, researchers should look into how the treatment affects vulnerable populations, such as the unfortunate and the disabled, elderly, and countryside women. They should also provide legal and advocacy services to help victims of domestic violence and abuse. They should hire women to represent the project in the community and elevate their status as research leaders. Women in leadership roles need to be paid on par with their male counterparts. Consequently, the study project is transformed into an example of workplace equality that might open opportunities for women in other industries(Hone, Macinko, & Millett, 2018).


When health research functions in this way, it joins the whirlpool of women’s human rights transformation. As part of its mission to eliminate harmful cultural and societal practices for women’s sexual health, it does so in a manner that is open and backed by international, regional, and national agreements. Based on the human rights framework, women’s rights and basic freedoms are at the heart of this research.


Speizer, I. S., Bremner, J., & Farid, S. (2022). Language and Measurement of Contraceptive Need and Making These Indicators More Meaningful for Measuring Fertility Intentions of Women and Girls. Global Health: Science and Practice10(1).

Yount, K. M., Miedema, S., Krause, K. H., Clark, C. J., Chen, J. S., & Del Rio, C. (2018). GROW: a model for mentorship to advance women’s leadership in global health. Global Health, Epidemiology and Genomics3.

Vissandjée, B., Short, W. E., & Bates, K. (2017). Health and legal literacy for migrants: twinned strands woven in the cloth of social justice and the human right to health care. BMC international health and human rights17(1), 1-12.

Shannon, G., Jansen, M., Williams, K., Cáceres, C., Motta, A., Odhiambo, A., … &Mannell, J. (2019). Gender equality in science, medicine, and global health: where are we at and why does it matter?. The Lancet393(10171), 560-569.

Logie, C. H., Perez-Brumer, A., & Parker, R. (2021). The contested global politics of pleasure and danger: Sexuality, gender, health and human rights. Global public health16(5), 651-663.

Hone, T., Macinko, J., & Millett, C. (2018). Revisiting Alma-Ata: what is the role of primary health care in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals?. The Lancet392(10156), 1461-1472.


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