“There There” by Tommy Orange explores the intergenerational trauma and suffering experienced by Native Americans in the United States. The book depicts how Native communities have been ravaged by violence, cruelty, and attempted genocides since the 1400s. Orange suggests that these historical events have left a lasting legacy of trauma that influences the lives of contemporary Native communities. The book’s characters are all struggling with the weight of this inherited pain and attempting to find a way to escape it. Some turn away from their culture, while others desperately seek to connect with their ancestors’ rituals and traditions. Many of the protagonists struggle with drug addiction as a coping mechanism, while others work to tell their tales publicly because they believe that only exposure can stop the cycle of generational suffering. The conflict between the characters reaches a breaking point at the Big Oakland Powwow, when violence breaks out that has its origins in the lengthy history of violence against Native Americans in the United States. There illuminates the devastating impact of historical violence and oppression on contemporary Native communities by exploring generational trauma.
Orange portrays how Native American individuals struggle to connect with their cultural identity and heritage in the face of historical and ongoing trauma (claim). Throughout the novel, characters are depicted as grappling with the loss of their cultural heritage due to forced assimilation, relocation, and oppression. Opal Viola Victoria Bear Shield experiences this loss firsthand as she is taken away from her family and placed in a white foster home (Context). “Her mother’s people had been relocated from their ancestral lands to Oklahoma, and then her mother had been taken away from them and sent to a Catholic boarding school where her hair was cut and she was punished for speaking her own language. Her father’s people had been hunted and eventually moved onto reservations, where their culture and language were actively suppressed. The last thing her father ever said to her was that there was no such thing as an Indian” (Orange 69) (quote). Opal’s family’s intergenerational trauma is highlighted in the quote, along with how it has resulted in the loss of their cultural legacy. Generation after generation has endured great anguish and suffering as a result of the government and religious organizations’ forcible eviction from ancestral lands and the repression of their language and culture. The remarks of Opal’s father encapsulate the internalized oppression that many Native Americans go through due to being brainwashed to believe that their cultural identity is unimportant (explanation). This quotation is important because it demonstrates how historical trauma has affected Native American tribes, resulting in the loss of cultural identity and the challenges encountered in re-establishing cultural connections. This subject, which centers on Native tribes’ continual fight to regain their history in the face of systematic oppression, runs throughout the book. The quote also reinforces the importance of addressing historical trauma and promoting cultural revitalization to heal Native American individuals and communities (Significance).
There ” highlights intergenerational trauma’s damaging effects on Native American families and communities (claim). Throughout the novel, characters have to deal with the legacy of historical violence and trauma experienced by their ancestors, which continues to impact their lives in devastating ways. Domestic violence, fractured families, and substance abuse are common issues that characters face. A form of hiding, excess drinking lets Native people ‘feel like we can be ourselves and not be afraid,’ Josefina says to her grandson, Octavio (quotation). Josefina’s statement reflects the idea that substance abuse can be a coping mechanism for the trauma experienced by Native Americans. By numbing the pain, individuals can temporarily escape the weight of their inherited suffering and feel a sense of control over their lives (Explanation). This quotation highlights the devastating impact of intergenerational trauma on Native American communities and how individuals attempt to cope with their pain. Substance abuse is a common response to trauma, but it ultimately perpetuates the cycle of suffering and can further harm individuals and families. This reinforces the importance of addressing and healing intergenerational trauma in Native communities to break the cycle of pain and create a healthier, more hopeful future for future generations (Significance).
The trauma, isolation, anger, and violence perpetuated within indigenous communities result from the historical and ongoing violence inflicted by white colonizers, oppressors, and gentrifies (claim ). In the second half of There There, the characters attend the intertribal powwow, which serves as the novel’s central organizing principle. The powwow brings together various characters with different motivations: some come to seek out or meet family members, others to experience Native culture in a new way, to make money, or to distract themselves from their mundane and lonely lives (context ). However, as the narrator notes, the violence at the powwow is not a random act but rather the result of historical and ongoing trauma inflicted upon Native communities by white colonizers, oppressors, and gentrifiers. As the narrator suggests, “the bullets which will be fired at the powwow were launched many miles and many years ago.” (quote) The cycles of trauma, isolation, anger, and violence perpetuated within indigenous communities are deeply ingrained and directly result from the systemic violence inflicted by white colonizers, oppressors, and gentrifiers (explanation). The quotation is significant as it shows that the violence at the Big Oakland Powwow is not an isolated event but the result of generations of trauma inflicted on Native American communities. By highlighting the generational trauma and pain experienced by Indigenous people, Orange sheds light on the ongoing struggles that Native Americans face in contemporary society. This highlights the need for broader societal recognition and action to address historical and ongoing injustices towards indigenous people.
Native Americans’ multigenerational trauma is critically explored in the literature. Through the individuals’ hardships, the story shows the catastrophic effects of past and contemporary violence and injustice on Native communities. In sorrow and Loss, the text shows how Native Americans are trying to reconnect with their cultural history and identity, yet past injustices frequently get in the way; substance misuse as a coping technique for generational trauma is also shown in the book. In addition, the narrative shows how white invaders, oppressors, and gentrifiers caused indigenous tribes’ cycles of pain and violence. The book emphasizes the need for greater societal acknowledgment, understanding, and action to address past and continuing injustices against Indigenous people and encourages cultural renewal as a form of healing.
Orange, T. (2018). There There: A novel. Vintage.