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Trans Women Are Women, and Sport Is a Human Right


“Trans Women Are Women, and Sport Is a Human Right” claims that transgender women are women and that sport is a human right. While admitting philosophical value and supporting inclusion and equality, this claim is criticized. While affirming trans women’s identities corresponds with inclusion, classifying sport as a human right is more contentious and requires greater research. Human rights include life, liberty, and security. Sports may improve well-being, but classifying them as fundamental human rights may raise questions about human rights. Food, housing, and education are generally accepted as human rights, while sports are less so. While advocating for equitable access to sports and physical activities, the claim that sport is a human right requires careful study and investigation within the larger human rights framework.


Trans women should be allowed to participate in sports because it raises questions about gender identity, equality, justice, and inclusion. Unaddressed claims can impact sports organizations, transgender rights, and society’s gender understanding. Gender identity drives the argument. Transgender people claim their gender identity does not match their biological sex (Hilton & Lundberg, 2021). They want the same rights and opportunities as cisgender women because they firmly identify as women. Transgender sports inclusion advocates say banning trans women based on their biological sex perpetuates prejudice and undermines equality. Equality supports this debate. Modern civilization values fairness and equality. However, opponents of transgender sports inclusion say that physiological disparities between cisgender and trans women might provide trans women an unfair edge in contests (Sharrow, 2021). They fear that trans women competing against cisgender women might damage sports and create an unfair playing field.

The topic also concerns sports fairness. Sports organizations have historically categorized competitors by age, weight, and talent to promote fair competition. Gender should be considered in these classifications. Transgender inclusion advocates say gender identity should be the determining factor since it reflects an individual’s self. They say that hormone treatment and other medical procedures may level the playing field. Sports inclusion is another issue. Transgender women in women’s sports may hurt cisgender women’s chances (Sharrow, 2021). Trans women, with possibly differing physiological traits, might dominate women’s sports, denying cisgender women fair competition and scholarship possibilities. Sports groups and authorities struggle to combine inclusivity and fair competitiveness. Transgender rights depend on addressing and disputing this claim. Excluding trans women from women’s sports promotes marginalization, shame, and inequity. Gender discrimination violates their right to self-determination and fair treatment. Transgender rights in sports encourage inclusiveness and diversity (Hilton & Lundberg, 2021). Trans women’s involvement in sports also ignores gender expectations. It challenges binary gender and highlights the variety and diversity of gender identities. Trans women in sports help create a more inclusive and caring culture that honors and respects everyone.

Philosophical significance

The claim addresses several ethical issues. It explores transgender morality, sporting fairness and justice, and the ethical consequences of recognizing and accommodating multiple gender identities. Transgender people encounter several ethical issues (Schiller et al., 2023). The language emphasizes autonomy and self-determination. Ethical principles state that people can identify and express their gender identity without discrimination. The concept requires accepting transgender people’s gender identities, using their chosen names and pronouns, and providing access to healthcare and legal safeguards (Hilton & Lundberg, 2021). These concepts promote inclusion, respect, and individual well-being. Transgender sports involvement raises fairness and justice issues. Maintaining equality while recognizing transgender rights is challenging.

On the one hand, transgender sports should be treated equally in athletics (Schiller et al., 2023). However, fairness and competitive balance must be addressed. Policies that include hormone levels, physiological advantages, and competitive categories help achieve this equilibrium. Transgender athletes have particular problems, so balancing inclusiveness and fairness demands a sophisticated approach.

Recognizing and tolerating varied gender identities has implications for ethics beyond athletics. Gender diversity reflects society’s dedication to equality, justice, and human rights. Diverse gender identities challenge social conventions and preconceptions, forcing a reevaluation of binary frameworks. Ethical standards need dismantling repressive systems and the promotion of inclusion, enabling people to express their gender identity honestly without fear of discrimination or marginalization (Schiller et al., 2023). Society may celebrate variety and enhance everyone’s well-being by promoting acceptance and understanding. Critics might argue that accepting multiple gender identities violates societal standards or religious convictions. However, ethical discourse enables reflection and modification of standards based on developing social knowledge and factual data. For a more equitable and inclusive society, ethical standards must grow. Diverse gender identities do not impair cisgender experiences (Sharrow, 2021). It celebrates human uniqueness and encourages understanding and compassion. Transgender ethics, sports fairness, and gender identity recognition must be carefully considered. Addressing these issues requires respect, autonomy, justice, and inclusion. Recognizing and tolerating multiple gender identities creates an atmosphere that values autonomy, equality, and human variety. Ethical discourse promotes the well-being and flourishing of all people, regardless of gender. Continuing participation may help establish a more equal and caring society.


The claim that trans women are women and the principles of inclusivity and equality associated with it holds significant philosophical implications. Sport as a human right is more contentious and needs further investigation. Sports should be accessible to everyone, but classifying them as human right raises issues about human rights. Human rights traditionally include the right to life, liberty, and security. Sports may improve an individual’s health and quality of life but may not be considered human rights like food, housing, and education. Concerns regarding fairness and competitiveness underlie the trans women’s sports access argument. Hormone levels, muscle mass, and bone density may vary between cisgender and transgender women, creating an unequal playing field (Sharrow, 2021). These variations may affect performance and women’s sports integrity. Inclusion and fairness must be balanced to guarantee meaningful competition and preserve women’s sports. This task demands thorough analysis, evidence-based rules, and open discourse for equality and non-discrimination. Recognizing and respecting trans women’s gender identification promotes inclusivity. Trans women promote inclusion and equality by valuing and acknowledging all identities. Trans women may get confidence and self-worth from this acknowledgment.

Sports as a human right is complicated. Sports improve physical health, mental health, and social cohesion, but human rights have traditionally focused on basic privileges needed to live a decent existence. Basic rights include food, housing, education, healthcare, and protection from abuse and prejudice (Schiller et al., 2023). Thus, classifying sports as a basic human right defies the conventional definition. Fairness and competitiveness are at stake in the trans women’s sports issue. Recognizing and addressing biological variations between cisgender and transgender women that affect sports performance is crucial (Sharrow, 2021). Hormones, muscular mass, and bone density may affect athletic performance. These distinctions do not define a person but may affect sports events. In women’s sports, balancing inclusiveness and justice is tricky. It requires respecting trans women’s rights and preserving women’s sports’ integrity. Establishing evidence-based standards that incorporate physiological factors and possible pros and downsides of transgender sports participation is vital. These recommendations should be prepared by sports science, medical, and human rights professionals, stakeholders, and athletes.

Incorporation of feedback from peer review and Dr. Brice’s comments

I clarified my claim’s philosophical and ethical importance After receiving feedback from peer review and Dr. Brice. I used course materials and empirical evidence to support my criticism. I also addressed possible counterarguments and acknowledged the need for more study and discussion. I also ensured my claim was pertinent to the article and aligned with the textbook’s philosophy branches. These attempts have improved and strengthened the claim’s philosophical and ethical implications.


Hilton, E. N., & Lundberg, T. R. (2021). Transgender women in the female category of sport: perspectives on testosterone suppression and performance advantage. Sports Medicine, 51, 199-214.

Schiller, T., Yaish, I., Tordjman, K., & Constantini, N. (2023). The Transgender Woman and Sports Performance. In Sex Hormones, Exercise and Women: Scientific and Clinical Aspects (pp. 403-417). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Sharrow, E. A. (2021). Sports, transgender rights, and the bodily politics of cisgender supremacy. Laws, 10(3), 63.


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