The quest for self-determination is a recurring theme in A Raisin in the Sun and other theatrical works that we have examined throughout this academic year. The theatrical presentation shows how the Younger family pursues their objectives while facing obstacles brought on by institutionalized racism. The protagonist of August Wilson’s play “Fences,” Troy Maxson, works to fulfill his objectives of establishing his independence and creating an identity free from the constraints imposed by society conventions. Sweat by Lynn Nottage depicts individuals that struggle with their agency and try to establish autonomy in the midst of exploitation and hardship due to the economy. The struggle between upholding tradition and seeking development is a recurring topic in A Raisin in the Sun. It is clear that the younger generation wants education, uniqueness, and integration into mainstream American society, in contrast to the elder generation, which is represented by Mama’s dedication to religion and African traditions. Fences, where Cory attempts to pursue a football career against his father’s opposition, and Sweat, where the younger generation’s quest of economic growth conflicts with the elder generation’s loyalty to organized work practices, both highlight the issue of intergenerational friction.Jacobin, 16 December (2020), pages 80–201
In A Raisin in the Sun, the intersectionality of race and gender is highlighted as it digs into the complex process of identity building. Beneatha’s desire to reconnect with her African heritage and explore her gender identity is in line with the themes in For Colored Girls, where the main characters struggle to reconcile their experiences as African American women in the United States with their sense of worth. As seen in Fences and The Piano Lesson, the theatrical performance also examines the social expectations placed on Black masculinity and the challenges Black men have in providing for their families in a society that routinely excludes them from positions of power. Bernstein cites Robin Modern Drama Vol. 42, pp. 16–27.attempting to create a Fishbowl: A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry: White Supremacy in the Reviews.
In A Raisin in the Sun, Walter’s treatment of his wife and family is shown in a problematic way that exemplifies the pervasive issues with patriarchal institutions and destructive masculinity. The play portrays Walter’s behavior as being motivated by his desire for control and power, which results in his lack of regard and respect for the needs and feelings of others around him. This tendency may be seen in Walter’s behavior toward Ruth, his wife. The guy in issue consistently disregards his partner’s needs and wants, being emotionally distant from and neglectful of her. The phenomenon, as previously mentioned, is demonstrated by his communication style with her, which is frequently characterized by a patronizing or disregardful demeanor, as well as by his behavior towards her, which is best exemplified by his refusal to heed her advice to consider having an abortion. As he fails to show Travis any affection and constantly speaks to him in a stern and angry tone, Walter’s behavior has a negative impact on Travis. Colbert, Soyica Diggs, and Pg. 10-80 of the paper on Radical Vision is the book under discussion. The behavior Walter displayed might be seen as a reflection of the social pressures placed on males to act as providers and maintain a dominating position in the household.
However, this does not excuse his actions or absolve him of responsibility for the negative effects he causes. The declaration highlights how important it is for men to take the initiative in efforts to confront and destroy damaging parts of conventional masculinity and the cultural systems that uphold them. According to the study noted previously, Walter’s treatment of Walter’s wife and family in A Raisin in the Sun is problematic and representative of larger social issues with toxic masculinity and patriarchy. The person’s actions highlight the need for males to work actively to dismantle harmful gender norms and promote more fair and respectful relationships.
Bernstein, Robin. “Inventing a Fishbowl: White Supremacy and the Critical Reception of Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun.” Modern Drama Vol. 42
No. 1 (1999): 16–27.
Colbert, Soyica Diggs. Radical Vision: A Biography of Lorraine Hansberry. Yale University Press, 2021.:10-80
Whitney, Joel. “Lorraine Hansberry Was an Unapologetic Radical.” Jacobin, 16 Dec. pg 80-201, 2020,https://jacobin.com/2020/12/lorraine-hansberry-raisin-in-the-sun-playwright