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The History of Immigration Policy and ICE

The article examines the abolition of ICE based on its reformation that sought to criminalize, deny the humanity, detain, and make immigrants suffer. The activists want the agency to shut down as it violates human rights. Besides, the anti-immigration administration radicalized the agency that encouraged excessive force, violence, and illicit methods to arrest individuals (Nelson). It bolsters the isolation of families, including children, from their parents at their border. Various activists such as Angela Davis, Ruth Wilson Gilmore, and Audre Lorde led the prison abolition work. They established a comprehensive abolition movement to demonstrate commitment and sustainability regarding non-reformist reforms. Such practices influenced communities based on incremental restructurings would provide little relief on the ubiquitous state-endorsed violence they experience at the ICE hands.Non-reformist reforms defined the abolitionists’ role as co-authored by Dan Berger, David Stein, and Miriam Kaba and measures that minimize the oppressive system power uncovering the system’s inability to create crises. Similarly, the abolitionist organizations, including Critical Resistance, Incitel, Punished, and Survived, have tried to combat such social injustices and practices to sustain changes regarding prison conditions, transform prison, end cash bail, solitary confinement, and free individuals (Nelson). ICE abolishment analyzes such patterns to organize, fight and enduring solutions. Other organizations sought to resist, support migrants, and abolish ICE for future considerations.

Otay Mesa Detention Resistance, based in San Diego, aims to support migrants reuniting their families and coordinating housing and transportation. On the same note, it seeks to promote and support community-based programs and defends education rights to prevent ICE exploitation and abuse (Nelson). Such movements to abolish ICE are connected to shared history, such as mass incarceration linked to the United States drug criminalization policies. Other policies including border enforcement that established War on drugs that stormed subsequent War on fear. The foremost corporations that supported the private immigrant detention system, the GEO group, and Core Civic corporations fought inhuman conditions such as sexual abuse, brutal treatment, and extreme medical abandonment.

The ICE detention increased miscarriage rates and recorded 164 deaths of migrants while in ICE custody for around fourteen years from 2003 to 2017. The ICE data revealed that others died from asphyxia, suicide, and heart failure. According to David Hernandez, based on NACLA Report, such horrific statistics may not cover the true scope regarding violence experienced in ICE custody based on its covert operations defined by weak regulation controlling the private prison system (Nelson). However, the Homeland Security Department defended human rights exploitations, especially at the Adelanto based in San Bernardino in California.

The article indicates that some practices still exist in the United States where family separation, rampant medical neglect, and deportation, especially for undocumented migrants. It reveals immigration and customs enforcement in the United States and its adverse effects on the immigrants and the country (Nelson). ICE detention failed to answer sensitive questions regarding the enforcement of immigration laws, addressing the humane immigration enforcement system, and missing from the public discourse following the ICE abolition. This article examines a paradigm shift regarding immigration, mass deportation, compliance with immigration law, Americans’ experiences, and the country’s interests.

The immigration policy should remain in a position of reunifying families, accommodating immigrants to benefit the country’s economy, safeguarding refugees, and ensuring diversity and inclusivity. For instance, the current U.S immigration policy (INA) encourages the president elected each year to consult with Congress regarding the annual admission of migrants to the United States through the Refugee Resettlement Process (Nelson). The policy considers family-based immigration, employment, safeguarding of refugees, and diversity programs to curb issues defining immigration policy.

Resolving such practices requires various distinctive goals, such as enforcing a new system that commits and forswear to neutralize and cure inhumanity and brutality. The policy should consider abolishing mass deportation and detention regarding immigration. On the same note, the policy needs to comply with immigration law to promote social justice, fairness, and social equality at all spectrums regardless of the background (Nelson). Creating a humane system will help in protecting or upholding fundamental rights at equal measure. Here, policymakers should focus on articulating and advocating for basic contours covering the new immigration enforcement paradigm. I recommend that the new system be less expensive and identify the optimal scale to balance and achieve societal benefits to enhance compliance.

Part II

The inception of ICE was associated with notorious records revealing the waste, ineffectiveness, illegality, ill-conceived, and abuse risking the lives of migrants in the United States. All agencies dealing with immigration would be placed under the purview of the Homeland Security Department. The authors argue that immigration policy needs to consider counterterrorism efforts rather than punitive punishment and abusive tactics presented on ICE (Nelson). For instance, isolating children from their parents’ hold and forcing them to defend themselves in courts against trained government lawyers was considered a barbaric act revealed the daily reality. Besides, ICE limits migrants from accessing medical coverage, mistreating detainees, leading to massive deaths while held in ICE custody.

Migration in the United States is complex to comprehend based on its confusion regarding its principles. The article addresses the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) proposed by various prominent activists like Angela Davis, Ruth Wilson Gilmore, and Audre Lorde. They wanted to end brutality, outrage, and inhumane regarding ICE detention (Nelson). For instance, the policy sought to deport, detain, and brutally mistreat migrants against the principles and laws governing the immigration department. Besides, such organizations focused on eliminating the policy without replacing it with the effective agency of immigration policy.

Migration is widespread that attracts public attention in the United States, revealing the plight of hundreds of Caribbean, Haitian, Cuban, Mexican, and other communities’ migrants across all aspects. These populations aroused public concerns about their actual, potential, present, and future links to international relations (Nelson). Such situations changed everything, including controlling the country’s sea and land borders, treating migrants unequally, and brutally handling migrants. This article indicates that the United States policy has a significant role in shaping the United States policy toward Haiti, Mexico, Cuba, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and other countries to ensure security, ideology, equal access to Western Hemisphere economies.

The article provides a more detailed account of the current political processes allowing foreign policies and United States guidelines to interact and participate in policy-making roles, including general U.S. public opinion and pressures to accommodate the repertoire of interest groups. These bodies define internal social and political concerns, influencing the number of migrants received and detained, conditions, and period through unilateral action (Nelson). Authors perceive that migration has become more salient in political dealings in accepting outcomes regarding the immigration area.

Immigration is a critical issue that requires the United States to create a scalable penalty to protect the immigration enforcement system against unlawful acts or principles contained in the immigration law. It should implement a system that should regulate the population, provide public benefits, and lengthen pathways to citizenship (Nelson). The implemented system needs to comply with the immigration law and consider individual differences regardless of race, wealth, and social background. It has affected the country’s economy based on their ability to work at high rates in different industries. Notably, these individuals help local economies bridge worker shortages and smoothen out bumps responsible for strengthening the economy.

The immigration story is quite astonishing, problematic, and puzzling. It has affected the population movements across countries, putting migrants to great dangers, inconsistency, brutality, and inhumanity, ending their lives. Here, it has led to inequality, mistreatment, an ad hoc style, cruelty, and massive deaths due to lack of access to medical treatments (Nelson). Besides, the isolation, lack of interaction, and denial by migrant students and Americans have severely affected the people. These practices define the consequences of immigration to the contemporary society experienced in the United States. The article summarizes the theme of immigration, ICE abolishment, its implications on the people, especially the migrants, and provides pillars that guide the implementation to resolve the underlying issues regarding immigration.

Work Cited

Nelson J. R. (2019). Abolish ICE! Fighting for humanity over profit in immigration policy. NACLA. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from


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