According to (Richards e.t al 2020), Revolution began in France in the summer season of 1789, after many years of political decline, ideological ferment, and social unrest. Ideologically, writers urged that governments need to value all people and not just the interest of the elite. The Roman Catholic church was hostile since it evaded taxes and used aristocratic forms of governance. Their solutions were different, and they ranged from democracy to monarchy. The Roman Catholic church is more excellent religion with greater equality under the law. However, the monarchy was affected by a lack of finances, just after the fights of the mid 18th century and French involvement against Britain during the American Revolution. Need to address the taxation method of the aristocracy began, and a lot of groups in France faced hardships in terms of economy and social change. Aaristocrats required new political rights for the elites while, on the other hand, average people sought political recognition to match their importance and a more friendly government for their interests. The low-income who was a majority, oppressed by the high growth rate, needed to access lands from the Aristocrats and The Roman Catholic Church and also get tax relief.
Origin of the French Revolution
According to the (French Revolution 2020), Revolution is one of the most chaotic and significant revolutions. The beginning of the prevalent causes is the social setup on the west side. The feudal regime began slowly by slowly and disappeared in some areas of Europe. (Popkins 2021) argues that the rising of many prosperous elites of wealthy manufacturers, merchants, and professionals, referred to as the bourgeoisie, led to the need for power in the countries without power. The peasants who owned the land and improved education and living standards wanted to get out of feudalism to attain full rights and increase their wealth. In addition, from 1730, high pinnacles of living had decreased the death rates. These, amongst other factors, led to a rise in the population of Europe for some centuries.
A more significant population requires more consumable goods and food. Discoveries of goldmines in parts of Brazil meant the need to focus on the economy. From about 1770, the trend went down, and economic decline began, leading to revolt. Disagreements for reform began to rise. A need for change to adopt the ideas of Voltaire, Montesquieu, or Jean-Jacques Rousseau. This awareness spread to the elite classes by the many “societies of thought” there. (French Revolution 2020)
It is unlikely whether Revolution comes with the added presence of a political crisis. Faced with a lot of spending, the European Rulers needed to increase money through taxes from the clergy and nobles previously left out. In North America, this backlash led to the American Revolution, which began by not paying taxes to the king of Great Britain. Some groups of monarchy tried to revolt against the aristocracy. The governing bodies and the elite classes had to seek allies among the less privileged peasants and bourgeois. (Haider 2017)
Causes of the French Revolution
According to (Peters 2020), The French Revolution triggered some factors. The bourgeoisie felt bitter about the positions of leadership and political hierarchy hence the need for Revolution. Secondly, the peasants were informed of their work and not ready to support the feudal system. Third but not least, the philosophes had been distributed countrywide in France than any other place. In line with this, French participation in the American Revolution had brought the government almost to bankruptcy, hence the Revolution’s need. To add to that, France was faced with crop failures in 1788 and was one of the highest producers of consumable goods, and it contributed to a prolonged period of economic difficulties. Finally, the monarchy from French not able to adapt to the societal and political pressures from within. These factors led to the need for a new revolution in France.
Effects of the French Revolution
(Peters 2020) highlights that the French Evolution has had advanced effects on the people of French. To begin with, the Rights of individual rights and those of the citizens. French Revolution makes it possible for the Canadians to understand what every French person is entitled to; the development of a constitution has provided a basis for the people of France to understand the rules and the regulations. It’s also important to note that the monarchial form of governance got abolished. Due to the united French people, they could fight for Coalitions formed by the European powers. Last but not least, the current reigns of terrible rules got broken down through the formation of the French Coalitions.
In conclusion, The French Revolution came about due to the need for better leadership positions and needed for power. The economic differences showed how much the elites misused their power to over-tax the peasants. The arrival of the new constitutions and change in the mode of governance created a chance for the low-class people to air their views. The formation of coalitions enhanced the bond for the French people to fight for their rights and abolish the terrible reins of governance.
Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia (2020, September 10). French Revolution. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/event/French-Revolution
Haider, Salman , Foskett, Douglas John , Francis, Frank C. and Estabrook, Leigh S.. “library”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 12 May. 2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/library. Accessed 25 January 2022.
Peters, Edward , Stearns, Peter N. , Frassetto, Michael , Treasure, Geoffrey Russell Richards , Herlihy, David , Salmon, John Hearsey McMillan , Sørensen, Marie-Louise Stig , Parker, N. Geoffrey , Mayne, Richard J. , Herrin, Judith Eleanor , Aubin, Hermann , Champion, Timothy C. , Weinstein, Donald and Barzun, Jacques. “history of Europe”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 26 Nov. 2020, https://www.britannica.com/topic/history-of-Europe. Accessed 25 January 2022.
Popkin, J. D. (2021). New World Begins. Basic Books.
Treasure, Geoffrey Russell Richards e.t al “history of Europe”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 26 Nov. 2020, https://www.britannica.com/topic/history-of-Europe. Accessed 25 January 2022.