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Standard Organizational Business Processes and ERP Systems


This article will cover standard organizational business processes in addition to Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) technology as its primary topics of discussion. This part of the paper will start with a review of the manufacturing process, then move on to the operation of inventory and warehouse management, then the process of procurement, then the process of fulfillment, and finally, the finance process. Before analyzing and discussing any method, that procedure will first have its objectives, tasks, and component pieces dissected apart for closer examination. The discussion in the article will then go to the organizational components involved in each phase after that. In this concluding portion of the essay, we will discuss how enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems that can be adapted to each operation may make those processes more effective and efficient.

The Finance Process

Planning and forecasting the company’s finances, managing its financial resources, and producing financial reports are all responsibilities of the finance process. The first step in managing one’s finances is to engage in some financial planning, which entails both the formulation of one’s financial objectives and the formulation of a strategy to realize those objectives (Bocatto & Perez-de-Toledo, 2019). The results of the economic forecast are then utilized to provide an estimate of the company’s anticipated future financial requirements. The next step is to manage the available financial resources, which may include controlling cash flow, investing, and extending loans. Last but not least, financial reports are drafted to provide information on the firm’s economic performance. The organization’s financial planning, as well as its financial management, are the responsibilities of the finance process. Among them are the drafting of financial statements, the upkeep of financial records, and the administration of cash flow management. The data input of financial information marks the beginning of the finance process, followed by the creation of financial statements as its conclusion. Accounting, financial planning, and financial reporting are the three sub-components often included in a conventional breakdown of the finance process.

The Purchasing and Purchasing Process

The acquisition of products and services for the organization falls within the purview of the procurement procedure. The requirements of the business are first determined in the first step of the procurement process (Purba, 2022). The next step is to locate and assess the possibilities of various providers. A purchase order is then produced and forwarded to the supplier. Following this step, the supplier sends the products or services to the firm. In the end, the payment has been made to the provider, and the transaction is now finished. It is the responsibility of the fulfillment process to ensure that consumers get their ordered products and services. This involves both the receipt of orders and the packaging and shipment of items. The method of fulfilling an order begins with the receipt of an order and continues until the products or services are delivered to the customer. Order administration, fulfillment, and shipment are the three sub-components that are often separated into their distinct phases within the fulfillment process.

The Procedure for Fulfillment

It is the job of the fulfillment process to ensure that consumers get their purchased products and services. The first step in the order fulfillment process is when a customer’s order is received and processed. Following this step, the order is processed, and any required products or services are obtained. Afterward, the items or services are placed in appropriate packaging and sent to the consumer. The last step is sending the order bill to the consumer. The purchase of products and services for the company is the responsibility of the procurement process. It involves locating potential suppliers, discussing terms of contracts, and placing supply orders. The method of purchasing anything begins with the establishment of a need and continues until the acquisition of the desired products or services. Typically, the process of procurement is broken down into three distinct phases: the sourcing phase, the contracting phase, and the procurement phase.

The procedure for managing inventories and warehouse space (IWM)

The firm’s inventory management is the responsibility of the process that oversees the warehouse and inventory. The first step in managing lists and warehouses is to establish the company’s requirements for its inventory (Richards, 2022). After that, the merchandise is bought from various vendors. After that, the stock is put away in the warehouse that the corporation owns. The last step is tracking and monitoring the inventory to guarantee that it is properly maintained. The list and warehouse management procedure is in charge of the items and materials storage and their recovery from the warehouse. This involves stocking the warehouse, choosing, packaging, and delivering orders, as well as receiving and storing merchandise. Managing inventories and warehouses begins with the receipt of the list and continues until the items or services are provided to their final destination. The process of managing inventory and warehouses is often broken down into three distinct sub-components, which are referred to as inventory management, warehouse management, and shipping.

The Procedures Involved in Production

The creation of products (both commodities and services) is accomplished via the manufacturing process. The point at which a customer’s order is received marks the beginning of the production process (Schoenherr & SpringerLink (Online Service, 2019). Following this step, the order is processed, and any essential components are obtained. Following this, the details are put together to form the final product. After the product has been completed, it is delivered to the client. The last step is sending the order bill to the consumer. The making of things and the gathering of materials are accomplished via manufacturing. This covers the creation and maintenance of production schedules and the monitoring and management of quality control and inventories. The manufacturing process starts with the procurement of raw materials and concludes with the final product shipment to the customer. Production, quality control, and inventory management are the three sub-components that are often separated into their stages within the manufacturing process.


The efficiency of the organization’s financial procedure is mainly responsible for the stable financial position that the company enjoys as a whole. The process of financial planning, the culmination of which is the creation of a budget for the organization, is where everything gets started. Following the completion of the economic method, it is ensured that the firm has the cash necessary to maintain its operations and develop. The procurement process covers everything that involves buying the goods and services required to keep the business running smoothly. This includes anything from computers to office supplies. The requisitioning procedure, in which the necessary goods and services are identified, is where everything gets started.

After going through the procurement process, the items and services are finally obtained via the buy method. The fulfillment process is in charge of seeing to it that the requested goods and services are sent out to the customer promptly. The order method, which ultimately ends in the development of a customer order, is where everything first gets started. Following this step, the order is selected, packaged, and delivered to the customer as part of the fulfillment process. The management procedure that is in charge of overseeing the organization’s supply of goods is the one that is responsible for managing the inventory and the warehouses. The process of inventory planning, which determines the inventory levels that must be maintained to fulfill the demands of the consumers, is where everything starts. The method of managing inventories and warehouses includes checking the current stock level and determining whether or not the item needs to be restocked. The manufacturing process is liable for providing essential items and services to satisfy the needs of the customer demand. It starts with the product planning process, in which one picks the products and services that will be produced. This is where everything gets underway. Following this step, the manufacturing process ultimately results in the final goods and services being delivered to clients.

Reference List

Schoenherr, T., & Springerlink (Online Service. (2019). The Evolution of Electronic Procurement: Transforming Business as Usual. Springer International Publishing.

Purba, S. (2022). IT Project Health Checks Driving Successful Implementation and Multiples of Business Value. Auerbach Publishers, Incorporated.

Bocatto, E., & Perez-de-Toledo, E. (2019). Citizenship Knowledge Acquisition in Local Governments: The Participatory Budgeting Process. Academic Conferences International Limited.

Richards, G. (2022). Warehouse management: the definitive guide to improving efficiency and minimizing costs in the modern warehouse. Kogan Page.


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