Need a perfect paper? Place your first order and save 5% with this code:   SAVE5NOW

Psychology and Social Life

The Influence of William of Ockham on the History of Psychology

William of Ockham was an English philosopher who is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of psychology. His ideas about the nature of the mind and the methods of investigation into its workings profoundly impacted the development of psychology as a discipline (Spade & Panaccio, 2002). Ockham believed that the mind was a complex machine made up of several interconnected parts. He believed that the best way to understand the workings of the mind was to study how these parts interacted with each other (Spade & Panaccio, 2002). This approach to psychology is known as the Ockhamist philosophy.

Ockham’s ideas about the nature of the mind were highly influential, and his theories have been used by psychologists throughout the centuries to explain various phenomena. One of Ockham’s ideas was that the mind is a blank slate, or tabula rasa (Sangeetha, 2021). This means that the mind is not born with any inherent knowledge or ideas but rather that it is a blank slate that is filled through experience. This idea has been used to explain how people learn and how they form their beliefs (Sangeetha, 2021). It has also been used to explain why people have different opinions and why they tend to be resistant to change. Another of Ockham’s ideas was that the mind is limited in understanding complex concepts. This idea has been used to explain why people sometimes cannot solve difficult puzzles and why they find it difficult to learn new information (Sangeetha, 2021). It has also been used to explain why people are often reluctant to try new things.

His work has also had a lasting impact on philosophical thinking, and his ideas are still being discussed today. William of Ockham was a medieval philosopher who is best known for his principle of parsimony, which is also known as Occam’s razor (Van Den Berg, 2018). This principle states that the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be preferred when faced with two competing explanations. This principle has had a lasting impact on philosophical thinking because it is a simple and elegant way of choosing between two competing explanations (Van Den Berg, 2018). William of Ockham was a brilliant philosopher who made important contributions to psychology.

Thomas Hobbes’s Laws of Social Life

Hobbes believed that three basic laws of nature governed social life: self-preservation, reproduction, and competition. Self-preservation is the instinct to stay alive and avoid death (Seabright et al., 2021). According to Hobbes, individuals are motivated by self-interest and will do whatever is necessary to preserve their own lives. This includes acting in ways beneficial to the community as a whole. Hobbes believed that self-preservation is the most important law of nature and that it should govern all social interactions (Seabright et al., 2021). He believed self-interest is a powerful force that can lead to cooperation and harmony in society. Hobbes thought that self-preservation was the basis of morality and that it was important for individuals to understand and obey this law to live peacefully and harmoniously together.

Reproduction is the instinct to have children and continue the species. He believed that this law was necessary in order for society to function properly (Ewin, 2019). Without reproduction, there would be no new members of society, and the population would eventually dwindle. This would lead to a breakdown of social order and a return to the state of nature, where life would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short (Ewin, 2019). Therefore, reproduction is essential to the survival of society. Hobbes also believed that reproduction was governed by natural instincts rather than by human decision-making (Ewin, 2019). This is why he thought that it was automatic and not under the control of individuals. In short, Hobbes believed that reproduction was a law of nature because it was necessary for the survival of society and because natural instincts governed it.

Competition is the instinct to compete with others for scarce resources. Thomas Hobbes believed that competition was one of the three basic laws of nature that governed social life. He believed that competition was necessary in order to ensure that people worked hard and that resources were used efficiently (Ewin, 2019). However, he also believed that competition could lead to conflict and that it was important to have rules and regulations in place to limit competition and prevent it from getting out of hand. Hobbes’ ideas about competition were influential in the development of economic theory, and his work is still studied by economists today. These three instincts are what drive human behavior and lead to the formation of societies.

Hobbes believed that societies are created in order to preserve life better and protect property. Societies are also created in order to allow individuals to compete and gain an advantage over one another. Hobbes believed that humans are naturally aggressive and competitive, which is why societies need to be controlled in order to prevent chaos from reigning supreme (Seabright et al., 2021). Hobbes’s laws of social life provide a foundation for understanding human behavior and the formation of societies. They help us understand how society functions and how it has evolved over time. Hobbes’s laws of social life are an important part of classical political theory, and they have significantly influenced modern social sciences’ development (Ewin, 2019). Hobbes’s laws of social life are still relevant today, and they continue to provide us with insights into human behavior and the dynamics of societies.

The Romantic Revolt and its Effects on Psychology

The Romantic Revolt was a movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that emphasized emotion, imagination, and individualism. It had a significant impact on psychology, particularly in personality and psychopathology. The Romantic Revolt was a reaction against the Rationalism of the Enlightenment, which emphasized reason and science (Moskvichova et al., 2019). The Romantics believed that emotions and imagination were more important than reason and that each individual was unique and should be free to express themselves. This emphasis on individualism led to the development of psychology as a field, and it has been used to study a wide range of topics, including personality, psychopathology, and addiction (Moskvichova et al., 2019). The Romantic Revolt also had an impact on art and literature. It led to the revival of Gothic architecture and Romantic poetry, which emphasized emotion over reason. These developments have had a lasting impact on modern culture.

The Romantic Revolt had significant effects on psychology because it shifted focus away from reason and towards emotions and imagination. This led to the development of personality theories, which focus on the individual’s unique characteristics (Moskvichova et al., 2019). It also led to the development of psychopathology theories, which focus on the symptoms and experiences that are characteristic of certain mental disorders. Nonetheless, it had a significant impact on art and literature because it revived Gothic architecture and Romantic poetry (Moskvichova et al., 2019). For example, Romantic poetry is often used in movies and TV shows to convey an emotional message. Additionally, Gothic architecture is often used in modern commercial buildings, such as department stores, because it is associated with luxury and sophistication (Moskvichova et al., 2019).


Ewin, R. E. (2019). Virtues and rights: The moral philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Routledge.

Leahey, T. H. (2015). A history of psychology: From antiquity to modernity. Routledge.

Moskvichova, Y., Mozgalova, N., Shcholokova, O., & Baranovska, I. (2019). Historical Prerequisites for the Formation, Worldview, and Aesthetics of Romanticism: Specificity of the Ukrainian Model. Journal of History Culture and Art Research8(4), 300-312.

Sangeetha, K. S. (2021). Sources of Knowledge: Rationalism, Empiricism, and the Kantian Synthesis. Introduction to Philosophy: Epistemology.

Seabright, P., Stieglitz, J., & Van der Straeten, K. (2021). Evaluating social contract theory in the light of evolutionary social science. Evolutionary Human Sciences3.

Spade, P. V., & Panaccio, C. (2002). William of Ockham.

Van Den Berg, H. A. (2018). Occam’s razor: from Ockham’s via moderna to modern data science. Science progress101(3), 261-272.


Don't have time to write this essay on your own?
Use our essay writing service and save your time. We guarantee high quality, on-time delivery and 100% confidentiality. All our papers are written from scratch according to your instructions and are plagiarism free.
Place an order

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Copy to clipboard
Need a plagiarism free essay written by an educator?
Order it today

Popular Essay Topics