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Preliminary Care Coordination Plan of High Blood Pressure

Managing different health conditions can be challenging for most healthcare workers. Thus, most health practitioners require a structured plan that outlines essential steps to manage patient conditions. An effective care plan is critical in managing and providing care to patients. The Healthcare coordination plan outlines the necessary steps, evaluation, and key resources of delivering patient care. Planning makes it easier to identify the health issues affecting people. Using a routine plan in managing patient conditions has proven effective to most patients. Furthermore, assisting patients with their condition using a coordinated care plan has significantly improved patients with chronic or hereditary ailments. As a result, the following essay will outline a preliminary care coordination plan for patients with High blood pressure. In addition, the analysis will discuss established goals in the coordinated care plan and the significant available community resource that can be used to implement the plan.

Analysis, assumptions, and point of the uncertainty of the High Blood pressure.

High blood pressure is among the common chronic diseases that have jeopardized individuals’ health. It is also commonly known as Hypertension. The condition entails the effects of the long-term force of the blood against the blood arteries (American Heart Association, 2017). Excessive pressure and force on such walls can lead to health complications such as aneurysm, stroke, heart failure, dementia, metabolic syndrome, and eventually death. The systolic and diastolic forces determine blood pressure. It is the amount of blood flowing in the arteries and the resistance to pass through when the heart pumps blood. As a result, the reduced size of the arteries and increased amount of blood the heart pumps signify high blood pressure (Forouzanfar et al., 2017). The typical standard of blood pressure measurement is in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).

While it is easy to detect high blood pressure, an individual can have the condition for years without showing symptoms. However, it can be simple for an individual to control the disease when detected earlier. Nevertheless, the common symptoms associated with the condition include headaches, nose bleeding, and shortness of breath. Yet, the named symptoms are not specific to the disease as other ailments have the same symptoms. In most cases, the patient exhibits such symptoms when High blood pressure has reached a critical level (Fuchs & Whelton, 2020).

Though anyone can have High blood pressure, the condition is more common to patients aged 40 years and above. It is also susceptible to individuals with a high-risk factor for cardiovascular ailments. Risk factors for the condition include the age of above 65 years in men, a race such as African, excessive intake of salt, hereditary genes, obesity, physically inactive, stress, heavy smokers, and alcohol addicts. As a result, regular blood pressure checkups are among the key strategies in managing the condition. Although some patients may have an underlying condition that may cause high blood pressure, there is no recognizable cause of the sickness for a majority of individuals. The illness tends to advance progressively over time. However, a condition such as adrenal glands tumor, sleep obstructions, and kidney diseases are some of the underlying conditions that cause the disease. They also include hereditary conditions, thyroid problems, and drug abuse (American Heart Association, 2017).

Associated best practices for improving the condition

Treatment of the condition comprises changing lifestyle and adopting a healthier one like engaging in physical exercise and eating a heart-healthy balanced diet with reduced intake of salt. For the individuals at critical High blood pressure levels, changing their lifestyle sometimes cannot be enough to regulate the pressure. As a result, some of the medications designed for patients with High blood pressure include Beta-blockers, diuretics, Alpha-beta blockers, and Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It also comprises Alpha-blockers, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), Calcium channel blockers, and Aldosterone antagonists. Additional medications are Aldosterone antagonists, Central-acting agents, Vasodilators, and Renin inhibitors. In most cases, a combination of two of the medication is recommended (Carey et al., 2018). However, in case of resistance to the condition, health care can change the medication, review the medication intake, home monitor the disease, and introduce new healthy lifestyles.

Specific goals should be established to address high blood pressure.

The first goal is to motivated patients to follow a DASH diet. Including a Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension is among the common goals, every hypertension patient should achieve (Miller et al., 2018). It reduces the severeness of the condition. The second goal is to engage in physical activities. This might include walking, running, or lifting weights to develop a physically fit body. Other goals include monitoring of the blood pressure and regular intake of medications to control the disease.

Significant available community resources for effective care of high blood pressure.

Some of the critical community resources that can develop an effective continuum of care include treatment crusades, local area clinics, and local pharmacy facilities. These facilities can be used to provide awareness concerning the condition. Others include energetic well-being initiatives and a local community playground for individuals to engage in physical activities and improve their health condition (Carey et al., 2018). The aforementioned community resources are essential for the community and the caregiver to develop approaches that can be used to create an effective high blood pressure coordination plan.

Reference list

American Heart Association. (2017). What is high blood pressure?. South Carolina State Documents Depository.

Carey, R. M., Muntner, P., Bosworth, H. B., & Whelton, P. K. (2018). Prevention and Control of Hypertension: JACC Health Promotion Series. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 72(11), 1278–1293.

Forouzanfar MH, Liu P, Roth GA, et al. (2017) Global burden of hypertension and systolic blood pressure of at least 110 to 115 mm Hg, 1990–2015. JAMA 2017;317:165–82

Fuchs, F. D., & Whelton, P. K. (2020). High blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Hypertension, 75(2), 285-292.

SP, Miller ER III, Weaver CM, Appel LJ. (2017) Effects of sodium reduction and the DASH diet in relation to baseline blood pressure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2017;70:2841–8


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