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Positive and Negative Impacts of Switching to Green Computing


Green computing is the study of how computers, portable devices, and computer-related goods such as servers, communication systems, network systems, displays, USBs, and printers may be made more efficient and environmentally friendly. Using environmentally friendly computer resources, maximizing a nation’s economic viability, and adhering to social duties are called “green computing.” Energy-efficient computers, displays, temperature controls, significant appliances, lights, and other technologies were all part of EPA’s Energy Star program, which debuted in 1992. The term “green computing” was established shortly afterward. (Kurp, Green computing. , 2008)

There are several ways to green computing. It is not only about producing environmentally friendly IT equipment, but it is also about how the applications will be employed in many industries to promote environmental sustainability. “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle” is the central notion of green computing. (Saha, Green computing., 2014)Although green computing has numerous environmental benefits, it also has significant drawbacks. Whether it is a small or large business, knowing the benefits and negatives is essential to understand why it is vital to the environment.

Green computing has some positive effects, including energy savings. Aside from computers, various electrical devices demand a significant amount of energy. As a result, there is a more critical requirement for energy generation. As a result, reducing the energy crisis as feasible is vital to building a more ecologically friendly environment. Green computing guarantees that IT activities consume the least amount of energy feasible. As a result, this can save a large amount of energy over time. Saving money- because green computing is incredibly cost-effective, users may save money. A green computing solution saves a lot of energy, which leads to considerable cost benefits. (Franklin, The Impact of Green Computing in Higher Institutions., 2014)

Even though green computing has a high initial cost, it is cost-effective in the long run. Less pollution – Traditional computing causes several environmental concerns in the environment. Electrical waste from a computer, for example, may end up cycling on land if it is not recycled correctly. As a result, both soil and water get contaminated. Green computing enables users to mitigate the environmental impact of pollution to a certain extent. Chemical exposure – Most electrical devices contain hazardous substances such as mercury. If a human is exposed to such toxins, he or she will most likely develop health issues. Immune response activation, brain damage, and perhaps cancer are known health risks. Green computing companies may avoid using non-toxic substances in creating computer hardware.

Adverse effects of green computing include Implementation costs – Even though green computing saves money in the long term, many firms are unwilling to switch due to the high upfront expenses. Implementing a green computer system takes considerable work and research, both costly. (Ahmed, Green computing and Software Defects in open-source software: An Empirical Study. , 2014) As a result, the technology is more expensive than the standard model. Maintenance costs – Aside from installation, it is claimed that maintaining a green computing system is exceedingly complicated, costly, and time-consuming. This is because of the technology behind the green. IT is entirely new and overgrowing, demanding major maintenance work.

Security hazards – When using a green computing system, consider severe security issues. Employees at green computing companies rotate their workstations and other equipment regularly. Security issues like hacking are inevitable as a result. Consequently, organizations need to take the necessary safeguards to avoid these problems. A grasp of the technology is required to implement green technology infrastructure. In order to get the services of these experts, their wages must be astronomical. If you do not hire a system administrator, your systems will eventually experience downtime and other technical issues.


Green computing is gaining popularity, and it is no longer viewed just as a corporate obligation that must be shared by all computer users. Home computer users must also follow green IT practices in order for the environment to be sustainable.


Kurp, P. (2008). Green computing. Communications of the ACM51(10), 11-13.\

Saha, B. (2014). Green computing. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)14(2), 46-50.

Franklin, O. U., & Abeeden, M. Z. (2014). The Impact of Green Computing in Higher Institutions. International Journal of Information Systems and Engineering2(1), 199-210.

Ahmed, F., Mahmood, H., & Aslam, A. (2014, December). Green computing and Software Defects in open-source software: An Empirical Study. In 2014 International Conference on Open-Source Systems & Technologies (pp. 65-69). IEEE.


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