The economy may gain substantially from immigration due to several factors, including a more adaptable labour market, a larger pool of qualified workers, higher consumer demand, and diverse ideas and approaches. The issue of immigration, however, is highly divisive(Paparusso). There are many divergent points of view on immigration, with some seeing it as a moral need to aid one’s fellow human beings and others seeing it as a financial and national security risk. That’s why some developed nations see immigration as a boon to their economies, while others see it as a disaster waiting to happen. Immigration tensions have arisen between governments whose ageing populations may cause economic difficulties in the future.
Immigration tensions have arisen between governments whose ageing populations may cause economic difficulties in the future
- Some native-born employees may be displaced due to immigration, resulting in long-term unemployment.
- It is widely believed that immigration will soon increase competition for employment and lower salaries when migrant employees replace already employed workers(“5. The Wage Effects of Immigration: Structural Estimates” ).
- This is because incoming migrants’ skills are more likely to be near replacements for those of already employed migrants than for those of local employees.
Pressure on public services
- Increased demands on social services like schools result from immigration and local population growth.
- Rapid population expansion, fueled largely by immigration (85% of the total), is causing the loss of rural areas in several nations.
- The government has incurred substantial expenses as a consequence of immigration.
- Many public members have contributed to these programs for their whole working lives and are opposed to the enormous burdens that mass immigration annually adds. Increased immigration may place a strain on municipal and state coffers.
- More money is spent on public education and other services for immigrant communities in states and localities with high immigrant populations than is brought in by such populations in taxes.
- By just mingling, migrants create cultural melting pots and alter the cultural makeup of host nations(Ciccone and Nimczik). The local culture may also be weakened by immigrants who spread their beliefs and conventions to residents in the receiving nations. Immigration compromises the cultural identity of the host nation.
- Immigration damages the cultural traditions and identity of the host culture. Later generations often move away from their parents’ values and toward non-migrant values by roughly 60%. First-generation migrants usually preserve the values of their community of origin.
- Furthermore, patient-provider relationships with immigrants are compromised due to the cultural and linguistic divide.
- People who migrate encounter several pressures, such as the loss of cultural norms that may influence their mental health. Immigrants may spread their beliefs and conventions to the locals in the host nations.
Since immigration results in an increase in the total number of workers in an economy, it decreases the earnings of employees born in that country. Immigration is seen by some as a moral obligation to assist those less fortunate, while others see it as a risk to their economy and safety. There is a possibility that native-born employees may lose their positions to immigrants, which may have a catastrophic effect on their families and the communities in which they live. A further way immigrants might water down the indigenous culture is by pushing their standards and beliefs on the native populace. Immigration has the effect of watering down a nation’s particular culture. Because immigrants get more benefits from the government than they provide in terms of taxes, they represent a net drain on its resources.
“5. The Wage Effects of Immigration: Structural Estimates.” Immigration Economics, 2014, pp. 105-129.
Ciccone, Antonio, and Jan S. Nimczik. The Long-run Effects of Immigration: Evidence Across a Barrier to Refugee Settlement. 2022.
Paparusso, Angela. Immigrant Integration in Europe: A Subjective Well-Being Perspective. Springer Nature, 2021.