The essay’s key topic is making Israel, and Benny Morris authored it in 2007 in the edited version. The topics help readers understand the history of Israel, as presented in chapter one, the new historiography arguments about Israel. The article also presents a key about the future of past Israel, a Palestinian look at the new historians and post-Zionism in Israel and the developments and critical sociology in Israel’s academic community, and several other factors that help understand the history of Israel has been presented in the essay (Caplan, 2001).
Summary of Book Claim
The main book claims are the historiographic revolution of Israel in the past two decades. The author argued that a larger section of the historiographic revolution has emphasized the history of Israel and Zionism and specifically on the primary foundational crises such as the Holocaust, the first Arab-Israel War of 1948, and the traumatic waves of immigration that precedes Israel’s developments (Caplan, 2001).
The book’s content majorly focuses on Israel historiography; hence it is educative to the current generation since it helps to understand the nature and culture of Israel in the past. The author claims that new historiography or the revisionist that sought to re-check the Zionist enterprises entails its conflicts with the Arab nation and its rapport with the Holocaust with a new vital eye, which relied on the connection of newly determined intellectual openness the newfound opened archives. As part of the book’s content, the result of historiographic content was addressed and the work of the new Historians.
The literature of the books relates with other articles which address the same subjects since they have used related references source of information, and their key arguments mainly focus on making Israel and present the arguments of Isreal’s historiography. In Morris’ Making Israel, leading Zionist and revisionist Israeli historians to provide the first collection of translated articles on the New History, giving Americans a first-hand look at this important debate and helping them understand how the New Historians have influenced Israelis’ awareness of their past (Morris, 2007). Israel’s ‘ new historians, a major service has been done to Israel and anybody interested in the Arab-Israeli conflict.’ They challenge common assumptions, re-examine facts, and elicit new insights about the past using critical thinking. Also, in the literature of Morris’ essay, a vivid account of the battles and their political ramifications is provided. Israeli and Western documents newly disclosed by Benny Morris shed light on the motivations and aims of the protagonists. As Morris points out in his book, it is important to note that the Arab onslaught on the Palestinian Jewish population has a militant bent, indicating a direct relationship with other articles that address the same subject, such as Caplan (2001). This book examines the conflict’s military and political developments in-depth, highlighting the military’s role in bringing about Palestinian Arab society’s breakdown and creating the refugee problem (Morris, 2008).
The Book’s Contributions
The book contributes positively to society and mainly enhances my understanding of Israel’s history and culture in the past. Hence, the new historian’s content in the essay is significant because it has positively impacted the entire Israeli historiography domain, for instance, those who were against and dismissed then as pro-PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization), anti-Zionist, and those individuals who took a more neutral stance. According to the book, the Great Powers of Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union played crucial roles in the conflict and its tenuous resolution in 1949 (Morris, 2008). Throughout the various wars that led to Israel’s foundation and the Arab world’s humiliation, Morris explores both top politics and general staff decision-making procedures, as well as the nitty-gritty of fighting. It is this humiliation that sustains Arab hostility toward Israel today.
Evaluation of the Book Main Arguments
The book’s main argument is relevant since it has attracted the attention of most researchers and writers of Palestinian and Arab. The essay used the theoretical approach; hence, the arguments are well supported by facts, theoretical concepts, and the existing literature from different scholars. Israel’s new historian and post-Zionists concept is persuasive since most people admire learning and understanding it accurately by understanding the cultural and historical context in which opinions emerged and have struggled to generate befit by enhancing Morris’ book content with other scholars content in the same field (Caplan, 2001). The author applied qualitative research methodology to collect data from secondary sources; hence the methodology applied was suitable in the essay since it helps analyze theoretical content and makes the essay logically coherent. Throughout the essay, the book content is supported mainly by the empirical materials; hence, it has helped enhance the content’s accuracy.
The essay’s weakness is that it did not provide how schools were generated or initiated despite being currently considered a result of New Historians. Still, it did not spring from within the establishment of the Israel learning institutions. Also, the article did not provide evidence of data collection; hence the information presented is not accurate.
Judgment of the Book
The book is educative and relevant for study since its plays a key role in understanding Israel’s history and culture. Therefore, the historiography concepts presented in the essay, complete with explanations of savagery by Jewish troops and the Zionist political skullduggery without fear of contradictions, provide this newly determined openness in the heart of the Israel defense development. Jews in Palestine were able to flee to Israel before the Holocaust because of the Arab uprising and mounting antisemitic persecutions in Europe, which forced the British to restrict their borders to new immigrants. The Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories has caused an immediate humanitarian crisis. Still, it may also point to a long-term solution for one of the most difficult obstacles to successfully implementing partition. The Jewish state has an Arab population nearly equal in size and number to that of the Jewish people. Moving Palestinian Arabs to Iraq and Syria appears to be a plausible alternative now that they have been persuaded to abandon their homes.”
Caplan, N. (2001). Zionism and the Arabs: Another look at the ‘new ‘historiography. Journal of Contemporary History, 36(2), 345-360.
Gutman, D. (2020). The thirty-year genocide: Turkey’s destruction of its Christian minorities, 1894–1924: by Benny Morris and Dror Ze’evi, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2019, 672 pp., $35, ISBN: 978-0674916456.
Morris, B. (2008). A history of the first Arab-Israeli war. YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS• NEW HAVEN AND LONDON.
Morris, B. (Ed.). (2007). Making Israel. University of Michigan Press.