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Leadership Over the Bay of Pigs

The Bay of Pigs was a planned invasion in April 1961, and it is considered a failed attack that the CIA hurled during the administration led by Kennedy to push the Cuban head of state from power. In the year 1959, on January 1, was a young Cuban nationalist called Fidel Castro drove a group of his guerrilla army into Havana and successfully defeated the government of General Fulgencio Batista, who used to be American-backed president.

The unites states government tried to launch a definitive strike to remove Castro in the next two years. The American planned invasion did not go as it was intended. They were severely outnumbered by Castro’s army and surrendered within less than twenty-four hours of the war. However, the Bay of Pigs invasion was unsuccessful due to bad decisions and mistakes under president JFK’s leadership.

In March 1960, the CIA was directed by president Dwight D.Eisenhower to develop plans on how they could overthrow the government of Castro. The CIA immediately came up with an operational mission that aimed to train the exiles from Cuba. The united states were to fund a group of exiles from the united states to counter the revolutionary Cubans.

In total, recruited a group of Cubans. Their main plan was to ensure the exiled Cubans left Puerto Cabezas in Nicaragua and immediately got near Trinidad in southern Cuba. The primary impartial was to ensure they would conquer the whole region and be resistant for a long time. Ensure the establishment of a rival government by exiled leaders that all means by the United States would later support. In Trinidad, near Cambray mountain, there were a group of anti-Fidel supporters that probably joined the raiding troops.

They were to organize a guerilla warfare movement similar to the one positively led by Fidel Castro around the sierra maestro mounts a few years back. 16 aircraft were supposed to bomb Castro’s major airports to facilitate the landing, ensure all his air forces have been destroyed, and gain control over the skies of Cuba. But eventually, plans changed radically when Kennedy became the president of the united states in January 1961. The president decided to remain with the idea of invading Cuba but not under the circumstances of the CIA. He believed that the U.S. conquering Trinidad in average daylight was very bold.

Kennedy leadership denied involvement in the incursion. It had to be conducted furtively. The mission had to be of high secret, and he authorized three days in the CIA to re-elaborate their idea, which was undergrounding for one whole year. The president then reduced the aircraft that was supposed to conduct the mission from sixteen to eight and advised the CIA to adjust the time zone and when they were supposed to land.

The president decided to choose what would later attest to be the worst possible sites: the bay of pigs, which had to get to the inlet on the island’s south. It is on the coastline. On April 15, the eight-fight planes left before sunrise from the base and dropped their bombs as authorized. They bombed airfields of Santiago de Cuba, on the east side of the country, and overload Libertad and San Antonio de Los Banos that were both in Havana. Regardless of leaving some Fidel soldiers dead, they could only destroy a small number of Cuban airplanes, which some of these plans were no longer being used.

The Castro’s airforce was probably left undamaged, and they were able to sprout down one of the United States attacking aircraft. Kennedy made another difficult decision and canceled the second round of airstrikes set to take place immediately on April 17 in the morning. The airstrikes were supposed to clear everything in Cuba’s air force, and it was set to create a way for the amphibious pre-dawn arriving of 1500 groups of men. The cancellation of the powerful us aircraft in the last moments would have helped in neutralizing Castro’s aviation.

The plan was to ensure 1500 CIA-backed the trained exiled Cubans and slipped quietly onto the beach earlier than dawn. They were supposed to unload the supplies and establish a stable beachhead from their support vessels before the Castro’s army would be aware. The exile troops were supposed to be on the beach early enough before Fidel soldiers; by the time the first light came up, the whole thing never happed; everything went into disorder, other crafts were sinking and decelerating the amphibious arriving into a crawl. Their plan never worked.

After the Kennedy idea to cancel what they thought would have helped in the second airstrikes, the Castro’s air force strafed the invasion like a target they had practiced for long and killed men and sank two of us supply ships. At this moment, all the supplies brought to support the 1500 men were taken away and took their medical supply, arms, food, and vehicles. The whole thing which the president and the CIA taught would persist on the beach was already gone, and there were no counter-revolutionaries that the president had sent to rescue them.

During the moment, the CIA and navy soldiers were all pleading with the head of state to send us air force fighters so that they could sprout down Castro’s airplanes and ensure there was a clear supply root for the troops that were pinned. Down. The president never agreed with their request, and he rejected the idea of having us airplanes striking Cuba directly. A serious series of poor decisions and mistakes by the president led to the failure in the invasion of Cuba. But he later authorized an hour of covering by the U.S jets.

The united states jets would not directly engross Castro’s planes but instead could only provide protective cover for B-26 bombers that were flown in from the happy valley. As things were turning out, the B-26s were not being passed by the Cuban exiles but the u.s airmen from Alabama as trainers. They had agreed to upon start was 6:30 EST, but the B-26s went ahead and launched an hour early due to some things. The jets followed closely but could not get to the invasion place at the right time to provide security.

After the United States piloted B-26s flew to Cuba and expected that the jets would be keeping an eye on them, that did not happen, and they were on their own. In the process, two of the American jets were taken down, and four soldiers who were among the U.S. pilots got killed. Fidel recuperated one among the pilots and decided to keep it as evidence of the American’s hand in the unsuccessful plot. About seventy-five percent of the task force were captured and jailed in Cuba. Later they were set free in 1962 for money, foodstuff, and hospital equipment. The Bay of Pigs was doomed and failed terribly.


Murphy, B. (2021). JFK And The Long Shadow Caused By The Bay of Pigs.

Gutierrez, G. P. (2020). We Shall Return: How the Unkept Promise of the Bay of Pigs Changed South Florida.

Walker, S. G., & Malici, A. (2020). 4. Fearing Losses Too Much: False Alarm Failures. In US Presidents and Foreign Policy Mistakes (pp. 78-106). Stanford University Press.


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