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Impacts of the European Union Law on IT Policy Around the World


The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the EU statute governing data protection and privacy for all EU citizens (Horspool et al., 2019). This paper discusses the influence of the European Union on IT policy. The consequences are many; however, this study focuses on a handful that has impacted many unions globally. The Union’s technology guarantees that stakeholders, individuals, and member nations’ private information are protected from hackers. Therefore, data owners may have confidence in the Union’s ability to protect their information because of the increased security of information. According to Chalmers et al., (2019), the Union’s technologies are the most up-to-date and include all the signs that hackers may use to get access to the system’s data. Union thus does not only give service to the consumers but also ensures that information is safe and that attackers cannot access it by providing excellent services and enforcing security measures.


The 28 members of the EU make up the European Union’s legislation or the law. In the event of a disagreement between the national and EU law, the EU law has the power to precedence any national law. Furthermore, if a nation wants to join European Union, it must unconditionally accept the treaty’s stated policies. Thus, to satisfy the EU legislation’s criteria, each of the 28 member nations pursues specific policies that are mandated by the law.

Citizens have the right to choose their EU candidates by casting ballots in their countries of residence. Members of the European Parliament are chosen by the people and dispatched to represent them in Brussels. The European Union is more than simply where political and commercial leaders meet to debate their agendas. As a matter of fact, the European Union’s only goal is to guarantee that its citizens and member nations continue to develop and that their rights are protected internationally. Policies outlined in EU legislation also safeguard the working circumstances of individuals in member nations.

The 28 participating nations that do not adhere to the rules may face suspension or legal action. For instance, if the European Union determines that a country’s employees’ workplace environment does not meet the standards set out in EU legislation, the Union will have to take appropriate action. All member nations must have time to consider and agree on the policies that have been outlined. An election will be held if there is a dispute between those who support the established processes and those who oppose them. As has always been the case, the EU laws are based on the principle that the majority rules.

The EU law has influenced several disciplines and academic areas. It has influenced fields such as sociology, economics, and political science. However, apart from that, the law has also influenced technology because member nations are now focused on how to grow their country utilizing technology, which is now the main trend globally. I will analyze how the EU has influenced global IT policy. While the Union’s primary goal is not to change the technological world, it attempts to help member nations flourish by leveraging technology to make work easier and quicker.

European Union Impacts on the Information Technology Policy Around the World

GDPR has an impact on the world’s IT policy; this is how the technology platforms and data architectures that gather, store, and handle personal data are projected. Personal data must be protected by design and default, and all processing operations must be recorded in accordance with the GDPR. Companies around the world will need to spend a lot of time and money upgrading their technological systems, revising privacy rules, modifying advertising tactics, and adjusting data storage and procedures in order to fulfill the standards of the GDPR. As two of the world’s largest economies, the United States and China both have a large number of enterprises doing business with the European Union. According to the article by Hill et al., (2017), 78 percent of American businesses will pay more than $5 million to comply with GDPR standards, and 9 percent would spend more than $10 million. Customers will ultimately bear the burden of such high costs, reducing the competitive edge of both Chinese and American businesses. Furthermore, the General Data Privacy Regulation (GDPR) is expected to be used by the European Commission to accuse non-EU firms, such as Chinese and American corporations, of having data protection issues and subsequently to stifle their ability to invest and combine.

Most of the impacts that the European Union has had in the Information Technology policy are positive and try to solve a problem that any of the member countries are facing or any other country around the world. In this paper, I discuss how the Union has positively impacted the IT policy. One way in which the EU influences IT policy is by assuring that member nations use the latest technology to handle their people’s data and that they are in control of this data themselves (Chalmers et al., 2019). As a result, citizens are now able to utilize modern technology in their everyday lives. Some of them are now able to work from home instead of having to go to the office, which has made things simpler for them. Thus, the Union has enhanced the previous technology policy, which is now valued by all of the Union’s members.

European Union’s law explained how data is to be accessed. Individuals may view their personal information without restriction and learn more about how they are handled (Horspool et al., 2019). Despite the fact that they are not there in person, individuals may learn about Union business thanks to the provisions of the Union’s statutes and regulations, even if they are unable to provide direct input. In order for the Union to succeed, it needs the input of its citizens. As a result, it fosters a feeling of community among the members by participating in all aspects of union meetings. This would not have been possible without the Union’s adoption of Information Technology policies, which had a substantial influence on the Information Technology policy.

Since several security breaches have been widely witnessed across the globe, users have a growing awareness of what happens to their personal information and are concerned about who has access to it. The GDPR law has been modified to address the lack of protections provided by the previous Directive in this area. If you’re a data subject, the GDPR mandates that your permission be given voluntarily rather than via pre-ticked boxes. Businesses around the world must also do Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs) for some data usage instances under the new regulations.

With more and more countries enacting data privacy legislation, the global impact of this issue is becoming clear. There’s still a lot of work to be done, despite this. Ideally, data protection laws across continents will be harmonized so that the basic right to privacy, particularly pertaining to the extraterritorial use of data, could be implemented more comprehensively and consistently across the globe. As a result, nations would have less latitude in how they apply data protection regulations, and the subject of data protection difficulties arising across countries would be clarified. Countries have already begun this process with an effective data privacy platform such as GDPR. A study conducted by Consumers International discovered that the ability of policymakers as well as the resources available for monitoring systems as well as the political climate surrounding national security all made developing frameworks consistent with GDPR standards hard to achieve

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), it is banned to transmit personal data belonging to EU member nations (Kuner et al., 2020). Data must be shared in a third country only. The policies of information technology are used to bind the regulations, and it is this method has had an influence on the development of nations. According to Horspool et al., (2019), European Union law has allowed people to access the constitution from any website, so they may do it whenever they choose. When it came to IT policy, European Union law overturned any restrictions that would have prevented the constitution from being made accessible online. Increasingly, individuals are aware of their rights and may take action if they feel that they are being abused at work.

As soon as individual recognizes that they are being misused, they will contact the Union through an online channel that enables them to share their thoughts and ideas. This capability was made possible by the Union’s incorporation of technology. In order to teach the public how to use new technologies, technocrats implement technological policies. The interactive graphical user interfaces make it much easier for people to grasp. According to Olsen & McCormick (2018), technology policies would have been negatively influenced if not for the Union. Citizens cannot tolerate anything that does not provide value to their life. As a result of the Union’s efforts to defend its residents and guarantee that its member countries do not abuse its riches or further exploit its population, many of its citizens have been exploited.

The Union’s use of IT policy has had a global influence. Other nations have copied this and started forming their Union. Fairness is seen in the Union’s statutes, which allow even the least developed nations to voice in the Union’s decisions. This may be demonstrated when the Union wishes to hear from its people about how its leaders’ resources are being utilized and conducts elections to pick the representatives of their choosing. They can also provide a forum where they can share their thoughts on how the Union treats them.

GDPR is an agency that is mandated to guarantee that members of the nation’s personal information are secured. The agency ensures that data cannot be compromised by attackers. Thus, the member nations’ information integrity and securing their confidentiality are guaranteed. Kuner et al., (2020), added that citizens would lose trust in the Union if the information had been compromised. If they had prevailed, the Union might have been demolished before it had grown to its present stature as a global model.

Another beneficial effect of the Union’s Information technology policy is that other nations throughout the globe have begun to implement an inclusive government. The EU aims to give its inhabitants a feeling of belonging by allowing them to participate in all of its decisions (Dowden & Perera 2018). Based on that, when people have faith in their leaders and know they can depend on them to spend their taxes and resources wisely, they are more likely to work hard for their nation. Economic and technical progress may be assured in any country with support from the government in leadership and whose leaders endeavor to meet the people’s demands.

Other parties and members of the organization may be adversely affected by the policy adopted by the Union, the majority wins (Voigt & Von dem Bussche 2017). In the case of a developing nation, the idea may substantially impact the country’s development since developing countries face many challenges that developed countries do not. Thus, if a vote is held, the issue may be voted out since EU nations are developed, and the developing countries may be surpassed in certain challenges. As a result, the European Union’s treatment of undeveloped nations is greatly influenced by technology’s ability to analyze the progress of states.

In general, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) governs how European Union laws protect and regulate personal data. Security measures have been put in place to guarantee that the information shared with the residents of the 28 member nations is not sensitive and data is secured. As a further precaution, citizens should only get information that is particularly tailored to their needs so as not to mislead the right people with incorrect information.


To summarize, the laws of the European Union have influenced IT policy across the globe in the ways outlined above. When it comes to IT and how it has changed the globe, the Union’s policies are laid forth in an intelligible manner. IT policy is benefiting from the European Union legislation because the Union uses a wide range of technology in its activities and implements various tactics that make the job they perform easier. In addition, IT policy underpins the vast majority of Union operations. Union officials have benefited from the use of information technology in writing and disseminating the rules and plan to the 28 member nations, their stakeholders, and their populations.

In general, the repercussions and punishments for hackers who attempt to access information that they are not permitted to access, as well as those who misuse social media accounts, have been laid out in the law. The laws have an influence on the Information Technology policy by introducing new policies that enhance the policy’s value. Because the European Union’s rules have had a good impact on other associations that follow the same stages and processes like the European Union, they serve as a model for other unions throughout the globe.


Horspool, M., Humphreys, M. & Wells-Greco, M., 2018. 15. European Union Law.

Chalmers, D., Davies, G., & Monti, G. (2019). European union law. Cambridge university press.

Hill, C., Smith, M., & Vanhoonacker, S. (Eds.). (2017). International relations and the European Union. Oxford University Press.

Kuner, C., Bygrave, L. A., & Docksey, C. (2020). Background and evolution of the EU general data protection regulation (GDPR).  The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Olsen, J., & McCormick, J. (2018).  The European Union: politics and policies. Routledge.

Dowden, M., & Perera, S. (2018). GDRP in a post-Brexit era: Some new challenges?  PinG Privacy in Germany, (5).

Voigt, P., & Von dem Bussche, A. (2017). The EU general data protection regulation (GDP). A Practical Guide, 1st Ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing.


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