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Frankenstein Novel Study: Literary Analysis


Mary Shelley’s novel “Frankenstein” depicts how the protagonist, Victor Frankenstein, violates a number of ethical standards, with a variety of repercussions. Victor Frankenstein dreams of bringing the dead to life and succeeds, but things go wrong when his invention isn’t what he intended. He then abandons his creation, leaving him to fend for himself, resulting in terrible repercussions (Falke, Cassandra, and Jessica). By observing the exploits of the creatures, the novel has been utilized to illustrate the character of human beings. The Novel talks about human nature, nature versus nurture, and the discovery of human nature where Frankenstein learns some of their abilities via examination. The purpose of this thesis is to undertake a literary study of Mary Shelley’s novel “Frankenstein” and its characters and themes.

Thematic Analysis

As per Frankenstein, social alienation is both the source and discipline of wickedness. “My safeguards had disappeared, and had cut the sole association that associated me to the world,” the Beast says, communicating his estrangement from humankind. I felt an ache of fury and retaliation in my heart interestingly. His homicides, then again, simply segregate him further. (Shelley 87)” Distance both rouses Frankenstein to settle on terrible choices and rebuffs him for them. At the point when he makes the Beast, Frankenstein works in a “singular chamber, or rather cell.” His desire has developed perilously because of his “single” repression, yet restriction is as of now a discipline all by itself: his lab gives off an impression of being a prison. Since he can’t see anyone about his creation, Frankenstein turns out to be much more disengaged from his environmental factors whenever he has delivered the Beast. Both Frankenstein and the Beast attract matches with Satan’s position Heaven Lost: Satan’s wrongdoing and discipline is partition from God (Ratzan 54). The story explores the possibility that distance from others emerges from one’s very own isolation.

Character Analysis

Characters are the individuals or objects who carry the discourse in a story, while themes are the major topic, subject, or idea of the story. The main character of this Novel if Victor Frankenstein. Victor Frankenstein is a natural philosopher who is also interested in physiology. His greatest triumph, he believed, would be learning the mysteries of life, defying the rules of life and death, and placing life in a lifeless form. As one of the psychological motives for creating the beast that has killed his family and friends, Victor’s character’s ambition is one of the story’s themes. Because of his thirst for omnipotence, he equated himself to Satan, a fallen angel. Victor’s ambition was the source of his downfall and made his life a misery. “Natural philosophy [was] the genius that ruled [his fate,” he claimed (Shelley, 45). When his lecturer M. Waldman informs him and his students that natural philosophy and people who study it “promised impossibilities and delivered nothing,” he gets disillusioned (Shelley 52). He learns, however, that he must build his own path and embarks on an adventure to “find unknown skills and disclose to the world the deepest mysteries of creation” (Shelley 53). This is the start of the fixation process. He works nonstop, even when he is ill, since he is on a mission to bring life to the world. He studies during all hours of the day and night, believing that “we must first resort to death in order to discover the sources of life” (Shelley 55) Victor’s ego got the better of him, and he didn’t consider the consequences of realizing his dream.


One of the clever’s most significant images is light. Light is related with the idea of information as edification, since both Commander Walton and Frankenstein look for brightening in their logical undertakings. The beast, then again, is ill-fated to go through quite a bit of his time on earth in obscurity, ready to walk just around evening time to stay away from individuals. Plato’s Purposeful anecdote of the Cavern in like manner involves light as an image for information, with haziness addressing obliviousness and the sun addressing truth. The imagery of light emerges as the animal consumes himself in the ashes of a neglected pit fire. In the present circumstance, fire is both a wellspring of warmth and a wellspring of risk, attracting the animal nearer to the logical inconsistencies of development (Bird, Graham, and Anne-Laure). This utilization of fire relates the work to the Prometheus legend, where Prometheus took fire from the divine beings to empower human turn of events, yet was forever reviled by Zeus for his activities. Frankenstein, as well, created a sort of “fire” for himself by outfitting an until now obscure power, and is compelled to atone. All through the work, light is related with information and power, and it joins fantasies and moral stories into these ideas to make them more perplexing addressing in the event that human edification is even doable, not to mention worth seeking after.

Narrative Structure Analysis

Different characters describe Frankenstein in the first person at different focuses all through the novel (utilizing words like “I,” “my, etc). The original’s topic of going past appearances to investigate what lies underneath is critical to the storyteller moves and exchanging perspectives. The story starts with portrayal from Skipper Walton, who is composing letters to his sister Margaret. The accentuation changes to Victor Frankenstein, who informs Walton concerning his life and how he wound himself alone in the Icy. At the point when Walton initially meets Victor, he believes he’s crazy due of his peculiar appearance and unpleasant quandary. Subsequent to hearing Victor’s story, Walton understands the value of his own encounters. Yet again when Victor relates his gathering with the beast, the perspective turns, this opportunity to the beast, who describes in the main individual, portraying his encounters (Cartwright, Imprint, and Osama). The peruser and Victor are directed to accept that the beast is profane, savage, brutal, and cruel; in any case, his story uncovers that he is cunning, delicate, and equipped for essential human feelings like as sympathy and love. The story then, at that point, gets back to Victor’s perspective, which he proceeds. Walton’s first-individual account and perspective return around the finish of the piece.


A significant part of the plot in Frankenstein occurs in Switzerland, Mary Shelley’s nation of origin when she started composing the book. Conversely, the novel is broadly circled all through Europe and the remainder of the world. Frankenstein visits Germany, France, Britain, and Scotland. Walton goes to Russia. The DeLaceys are a French family who lives in Germany, and Elizabeth is Italian. Safie is a woman from Turkey. Clerval plans to move to India, while the Beast prompts moving to South America (Braida 32). Walton’s edge story is set in the Icy Sea, where he is trying to track down another course all over the planet. By connecting with the whole earth thusly, Frankenstein promotes itself as a worldwide story.


Frankenstein by Mary Shelly is a gothic book that likewise meets the vast majority of the attributes of a romance book. It considers each of the fundamental components that make up a story, for example, character improvement, portrayal voice, tone, and setting, to give some examples. Mary attempts to associate these subjects and represent how everyone prompts the book’s grouping as gothic. Besides, they fill in as a sentiment message all through the story. The book’s caption is “The Modern Prometheus.” It specifies present day science, which exhibits that it has pulverizing suggestions.

Work Cited

Braida, Antonella. “Frankenstein in the Digital Age: Shelley Jackson’s Patchwork Girl and Dave Morris’ Frankenstein Interactive.” Leaves 9 (2020).

Cartwright, Mark, and Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin. “Ancient Greek Society.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Accessed April 12 (2018).

Dove, Graham, and Anne-Laure Fayard. “Monsters, metaphors, and machine learning.” Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 2020.

Falke, Cassandra, and Jessica Allen Hanssen. “Frankenstein at 200: Introduction.” (2018).

Ratzan, Richard M. “Frankenstein in the emergency department: doctors, monsters, ambition, progress, and their trade-off.” Journal of Emergency Medicine 58.4 (2020): 698-702.

Shelley, Mary, and Gillie Bolton. frankenstein. CRC Press, 2018.


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