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Examining Disaster Management Paper


The depth of a disaster management system’s planning can be gauged by seeing how its protocols are followed in the aftermath of a disaster. Each approach will be thoroughly examined in this inquiry. The disaster management process includes mitigating an occurrence, preventing it, being prepared for it, preparing for it, reacting to it, and recovering from it. Which modes of thinking will be most helpful in a crisis? People in times of distress require aid and confidence that everything will be fine. The Federal Emergency Management Agency is a section of the Department of Homeland Security that assists citizens in emergencies. Communities must be aware that organizations like these are ready to help in times of need. These organizations have developed the ability to plan after years of dealing with similar and even more dangerous events. The Bible says that people should be able to lift and comfort one another. Communities and individuals that work with and for one another regularly have a more significant duty to support one another in times of need. Communities impacted by whatever scenario require an effective plan and procedure that can be applied concurrently to their advantage.


Despite being in existence for less than twenty years, the Department of Homeland Security has accomplished a tremendous deal. It controls some of the country’s most significant agencies, including the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). As a result of the broad spectrum of natural and artificial disasters that occur regularly, this agency must deal with a substantial quantity of work every year. The stated goal of the Federal Emergency Management Agency is to aid people before, during, and after natural disasters (Mohibbullah et al., 2021). The purpose of this organization is to help victims of every potential disaster that may strike the United States by preparing for the event and then successfully responding to it. When a natural disaster strikes the United States, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is activated. This system would be essential in the event of a significant disaster for operations such as planning, mitigating, preparing, responding, and recovering. The Department of Homeland Security controls the emergency management system since it must protect the citizens and infrastructure of the United States. When authorities such as the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are called upon to respond to a natural disaster, they must perform three primary tasks. Rebuilding destroyed areas necessitate vision, preparedness, and an understanding of the situation on the part of emergency management (FEMA, 2019).


There must be a plan in place to cope with national emergencies. Risk mitigation and preparation go hand in hand since every organization must design a plan to reduce or eliminate risk. The EMS component involved with anticipating and preparing for future threats is the National Response Framework (NRF). The NRF is a conglomeration of four plans: the NCP, the DTOOP, and the FREAP (Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan). Because these plans are for national-level emergencies, they necessitate a comprehensive notion or strategy. It is possible to lessen the effects of disasters by taking various preventative measures. Local shelters, safe rooms, levees, pre-storm deicing of highways, and stricter building rules in seismically active zones are all examples of disaster preparation. Understanding what needs to be done to ensure the fewest number of casualties from a catastrophic catastrophe is a significant advantage of prevention.

The Department of Homeland Security prefers high-level tactics because they help them see the larger picture and determine how to lessen the threat. “Actions are done in the mitigation phase to prevent a disaster from occurring and to lessen its impacts if it does occur,” noted the article’s authors. The selection of appropriate plan participation is critical to the mitigation strategy. In a true crisis, this strategy is crucial since a plan must be in place to remove or deter any potential subsequent threats. There were no provisions for such a horrific occurrence when the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were struck on September 11, 2001. It was initially unclear whether the first plane crash into the World Trade Center signaled the start of a terrorist strike. Hacked jets struck the next World Trade Center tower, the Pentagon, and a Pennsylvania field. Although the three planes that hit the World Trade Center were quickly identified, the fourth plane that landed in a Pennsylvania field was thought to be an unsuccessful attempt to hit the White House.

The attacks influenced American travel and way of life. The Department of Homeland Security and enhanced disaster management procedures were created directly from the tragic events of September 11, 2001. They established ways and practices to lessen the consequences of such schemes to protect the American people from potential risks. Following the sad events of September 11, 2001, various institutions were established to defend the United States from future terrorist strikes. Every day, DHS officers work relentlessly to ensure the safety of the American people from any fabricated threats. A slew of heinous incidents has transpired since September 11, 2001. These crimes paled in contrast to the terrorist assaults of September 11, 2001. Each attack, such as those in San Bernardino, California, and the Boston Marathon, improve the preparedness of those who guard us for the next.

They must design means to prevent such attacks, preferably through planning and increased monitoring. When big groups of individuals travel or gather, security officers regularly remind everyone to check for any unattended bags. This is a disaster-prevention strategy. Moreover, God, who provides generously in Christ Jesus, will satisfy all of your needs from his magnificent treasures (Philippians 4:19, ESV). In times of adversity, the Bible promises that God will provide for everyone’s needs. Everyone must use their common sense and be mindful of their surroundings. The technique for preparing for an emergency or threat follows this phase of planning and mitigation.


To be prepared, a strategy must be devised, and the organizations in charge must take action to offset the adverse effects of the plan (s). Every community should use this strategy to ensure they are ready to respond to any calamity. The Bible emphasizes the significance of planning for the future by emphasizing its positive effects on humanity. As a result, you must also be prepared, for the Son of Man will appear unexpectedly (Matthew 24:44). Because we cannot predict when the Son of Man will return, this passage instructs us to be prepared continually. We must be prepared for anything if we must constantly prepared for similar scenarios. It is critical to be ready for both heroic and terrible situations, as each brings its own set of chaos and strain. Any terrorist-related disaster must be met with the same level of preparedness (Munasinghe., & Matsui, 2019).

Public health preparedness and emergency response have become increasingly difficult due to rapid technical improvement, increased globalization, social and economic crises, and the organic evolution of infectious illnesses. Those in charge of developing plans have difficulty staying current due to rapidly emerging technologies, complex social and economic crises, and the introduction of new deadly diseases. Such fast-changing topics demand a tremendous deal of thought and effort to prepare for any potential outcomes adequately. Specific skills must be practiced by emergency management personnel to respond swiftly and calmly in dangerous situations. A regular practice strategy for warning exercises should be in place. If there are any flaws in the plan, they must be addressed and corrected.

It is critical to think beyond the obvious when preparing for an emergency. Because humans are unpredictable, it is essential to be ready for any situation, whether it be a natural disaster, a terrorist assault, or something else. Many people will panic, but most are generous and willing to help if asked. A survivor of the Boston Marathon bombings, Carlos Arredondo, recalls how he sought to stop the bleeding of a critically injured small child. This father might have let the youngster bleed to death, but instead, he removed the child’s clothing and made a tourniquet for him.


The law enforcement sector struggles with illicit behavior due to increasing technological innovation and expanded availability. The dark web and the increased convenience of cell phones, tablets, and computers are only two of the numerous issues modern technology faces. There are plenty of others. This technology allows criminals to buy and sell illegal commodities such as firearms and drugs more readily. Because illegal trading markets are multibillion-dollar enterprises, emergency response teams must be prepared for any destruction. When it comes to safety precautions, each disaster necessitates a unique response. It takes much foresight to figure out what to do to avoid such disastrous situations in one’s life. They must have a strategy for moving forward in addition to having contingency plans in the event of a horrific tragedy(Schumann et al., 2021)

The National Response Framework provides an overview of several emergency response approaches. This ensures that first responders are prepared for whatever may come their way. The National Response Framework oversees all preparations and planning for affected areas. The National Incident Management System, or NIMS, was built during this interim period to coordinate the newly available emergency resources. The National Incident Management System, or NIMS, is a set of principles that public and private organizations must follow when preparing for and responding to natural disasters. The Incident Command System (ICS) enables the discovery of effective programs and processes for usage in disaster zones. According to Gregory (2015), ICS allows all participating entities to coordinate their efforts, resulting in emergency responses that are both more prompt and more accurate. These three components are essential to be effectively prepared for an emergency. They should be able to offset the plan’s consequences by enlisting the assistance of commercial entities in the process. These data can also help guide the process when a mayor, governor, or president declares a catastrophe. If the most recent event leaves even the tiniest possibility for interpretation, the authorities may take some time before publishing an official statement to choose the most exact term feasibly. They refuse to term it an act of international terrorism since, in reality, it was primarily a domestic act of terrorism. If the necessary efforts to determine who was responsible for the terrorist act were not made, the globe could have been lured into a fight that could have been avoided entirely (Parker, 2020).


Because rehabilitation entails more than simply cleaning up the aftermath of whatever occurred, it is vital to be well-prepared. Helping those who have suffered is at the heart of the recovery process, as is learning from this incident to increase readiness for similar catastrophes. A critical component of this technique is deciding the activities that must be made in order to assist victims and clean up the subsequent turmoil generated by the method’s possible negative impacts. The strategy that first responders take to the situation will influence whether or not the critical recovery activities are practical. This reevaluation is required since the recovery phase mitigation measures demanded it. Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another’s health and well-being (James 5:16). A reasonable person’s prayer has much power right now (James 5:16, ESV). According to the Bible, if people pray for each other’s healing, they will all get better. Everything that was lost due to the disasters, including people, buildings, and property, will be forgotten by this point. To regain the vitality that once propelled the area, its residents must interact in various ways to assist one another( Holy Bible, ESV). Following the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, in New York and Washington, DC, residents from around the region helped hunt for survivors. As stated in the prior paragraph, waste management may then begin cleaning the debris so that emergency response trucks can be dispatched to assist those who survived the accident. The cleanup after the September 11 terrorist attacks took a long time, and many people were discovered trapped alive beneath the rubble. Workers had to be careful not to injure anyone they couldn’t see under the rubble, and a damage assessment had to be performed to determine the extent of the destruction and ensure that no additional damage would be caused by the collapse of any buildings or the introduction of any new terrorist threats. Both of these duties were necessary(Shekarian, et al., 2021).

The willingness of volunteers, as well as the organizations in charge, will ultimately determine the effectiveness of the relief operation. All of the bordering municipalities and states were eager to help. Many people were severely injured or killed after being buried by the rubble. We have no choice but to hope that something like this never happens again. To organize the relief activities, centralized command centers have been formed. A public relations director is on standby to provide hourly updates on the status of the crisis, as well as contact information for family members attempting to contact one another and guidance on what types of gifts are most beneficial. Because of the enormous number of persons who have gone missing, the rest of the population understandably feels concerned and distressed. As a result, people of disaster-stricken cities and the surrounding area are obliged to face tremendous additional financial hardship. When people lose their jobs, they commonly discover that they are unable to meet the basic needs of life because they no longer have the means to support themselves. Unexpected disasters, particularly ones that are practically impossible to prepare for, cause enormous sorrow and suffering to their victims. Crisis counselors are available to help residents cope with the aftermath of recent traumatic experiences and begin the healing process. Because everyone’s requirements varies, crisis counselors are available (Geysmans, et al., 2021)


When authorities such as the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are called upon to respond to a natural disaster, they are required to perform three primary tasks. To properly manage emergencies, one must be able to predict and avoid disasters, as well as understand the processes involved in recovering damaged areas. The Federal Emergency Management Agency is widely relied upon by both corporate and public emergency management agencies (FEMA). The places most likely to recover successfully are those where the negative consequences of catastrophes have been adequately minimized, prepared for, and responded to, as well as those where significant recovery efforts have been made. These many levels of disaster readiness, like water, are fluid and subject to alter on a regular basis. If you want the best results, you must keep the scenario fluid and dynamic at all times. In the background, significant planning and preparation are required to deal with any emergency disaster that may occur in the country. Whatever the severity of a disaster, preparations can be taken, its effects can be lessened, supplies can be stored, and afflicted communities and individuals can be aided in their efforts to recover(FEMA, 2019)


FEMA. (2019, January 30). About the Agency.

Geysmans, R., Zeleznik, N., Abelshausen, B., Duranova, T., Schieber, C., Schneider, T., … & Cantone, M. C. (2020). Broadening and strengthening stakeholder engagement in emergency preparedness, response and recovery. Radioprotection55(suppl. 2), S219-S225.

Holy Bible, ESV.

Mohibbullah, M., Gain, A. K., & Ahsan, M. N. (2021). Examining local institutional networks for sustainable disaster management: Empirical evidence from the South-West coastal areas in Bangladesh. Environmental Science & Policy124, 433-440.

Munasinghe, N. L., & Matsui, K. (2019). Examining disaster preparedness at Matara district general hospital in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction40, 101154.

Parker, D. J. (2020). Disaster resilience–a challenged science. Environmental Hazards19(1), 1-9.

Schumann, G., Giustarini, L., Da Costa, J., Bruscolini, M., Suttor, B., Pelich, R., … & Matgen, P. (2021, December). Examining the diverse values of remotely sensed observations for assisting flood disaster management: the 2021 European floods example. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 2021, pp. NH41A-02).

Shekarian, M., Nooraie, S. V. R., & Parast, M. M. (2020). An examination of the impact of flexibility and agility on mitigating supply chain disruptions. International Journal of Production Economics220, 107438.


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