Slavery will for a long time be a blot on the history of the majority of cultures on Earth. It is erroneous to think that all enslaved people succumbed to their cruel owners throughout the period of slavery. Oftentimes, enslaved people demonstrated a level of resistance that caused whole societies to reconsider slavery. However, organizing and formulating a resistance took some time. At the period, enslaved people had to endure daily humiliation and dehumanization; they had to devise new methods of organization and resistance. While these approaches were often successful, they frequently led in more dehumanization or a bit of emancipation. The following essay will examine the positive and negative repercussions of nonviolent resistance.
In contrast to daily resistance, organized resistance was more difficult and time-consuming to arrange. Organized resistance would also result in more casualties, property damage, and death, which is why organized resistance by enslaved people was very rare in North America. On the other hand, everyday resistance was relatively simple to mount and was more prevalent among the enslaved people. To a certain degree, these modes of resistance enabled enslaved individuals to endure slavery’s harshness and daily life on slave estates. enslaved people used a range of resistance strategies. Much of their resistance was motivated by a desire to improve the everyday circumstances of their captivity. Individuals may have snatched food from the garden or the kitchen of their masters to augment their meager meals. They would also have feigned illness or worked at a slower pace than their master required to allow their bodies and souls to rest and recuperate from the grueling pace of labor on most plantations (Camp, 2009). Some considerate enslavers would increase food rations and allocate more rest time to enslaved people on their farms; this form of resistance benefited the enslaved people.
At night, enslaved people congregated as well; they met to worship or socialize to date, and to court one another. All of these activities may be called nonviolent forms of resistance since they directly confronted slaveholders’ expectations about work patterns and food allotment. Additionally, they violated slaveholders’ attempts to manage space utilization. Slaveholders in southern cities, counties, and states enacted laws limiting enslaved people’s gathering rights, declaring that they could not gather freely without the supervision of a free white person. Nonetheless, enslaved people congregated on their own at night in the forests or in hidden spots for religious or social activities. They joined to acknowledge their shared humanity and to cultivate and preserve emotional and social bonds. These gatherings reaffirmed the enslaved people’s sense of brotherhood and sisterhood.
When it came to running away, it was more normal for it to be transitory, such as seeing a spouse on another plantation for a few hours. Running away for a few days was a form of protest against working conditions or to express dissatisfaction with something. In general, the majority of Runaways eventually returned willingly. They often did so in order to bargain with their masters. Demonstrating that an enslaved individual might flee at any time. Masters used runaway slave advertisements to reclaim their enslaved people who had escaped the farms or abandoned their homes or services (Lewis, 2022). A master would describe the enslaved person’s appearance in the advertisements. They may have highlighted some physical characteristics; many people brought straight from Africa had country markings, which they recorded. Additionally, they would discuss if the individual understood English or not; they would indicate whether the individual knew a little bit of English, a lot of English, or no English at all. Additionally, these advertisements would indicate how the individual may have fled, where they fled, and with whom they fled. Frequently, groups of people would flee. Occasionally, white servants would flee with enslaved Africans. In certain circumstances, an enslaved person and a free person of color would flee together. To entice individuals to reclaim enslaved people, slavers offered monetary compensation. Running away was more expensive than the other tactics of nonviolent protest.
Due to the geopolitics that ruled North America, violent slave rebellions were very rare. For the most part, it seemed as if enslaved people recognized their lack of achievement. They recognized that the whites, even though they were fewer in certain areas of specific plantation territories, had firearms and the authority of the law to back them up. Oftentimes, resistance and violence were suicidal. Enslavers were well aware of the dangers of slavery; they recognized that enslaved people had the capacity to murder them and took safeguards against this possibility. slavers performed nighttime slave patrols; if they noticed any black person going down the road, they were authorized by law to stop them, interrogate them, and ensure they had a permission from their master allowing them to be out. There were a variety of heinous penalties. Whippings were used to intimidate other enslaved people into submission. It was not simply the slaveholders’ authority that was abused; the state and the law were also abused extensively. If enslaved people publicly resisted and fought back against whipping, it was not simply the enslaver who would cause them suffering. The slaver would have then surrender them to the state, which would almost certainly execute them for hitting a white person.
Organized forms of violent resistance would very definitely prove lethal for the enslaved people. It was determined that limited nonviolent measures of resistance would be more rational. Due to the nature of their socioeconomic and geopolitical circumstances, the enslaved people of Brazil, Jamaica, and the Caribbean states were more active and successful in organized resistance. People of color made up more than 90% of the population of Jamaica.
Camp, S. M. H. (2009). Closer to Freedom: Enslaved Women and Everyday Resistance in the Plantation South (16pt Large Print Edition). ReadHowYouWant.
Lewis, C. (2022). Resistance to Slavery: From Escape to Everyday Rebellion (American Slavery and the Fight for Freedom (Read Woke TM Books)). Lerner Publications TM.