Globalization refers to the increasing internalization of economies, primarily through the cross-border exchange of goods, services, and capital. In scholarly papers, globalization gets categorized into three parts: economic, cultural, and political. Containerization, technological advances, efficiencies, disparities in tax regimes, and improved capital mobility are all possible drivers of globalization.
Containerization is a container shipping technique used in ocean transportation that has decreased the price of transporting many unique items throughout the world. The sizes of vessels are regulated (Kelts). Globalization gets accelerated through containerization. Consolidation, mass shipping, and other benefits have cut sea freight prices. The lower unit cost of sending products aims to bring production nation costs closer to export nation costs, rendering firms more profitable globally. These containers get readily moved among means of transportation, such as cargo vessels, trucks, and rail. This enables products transportation and trading to be more affordable and practical—the extensive use of containers aided in business expansion and the global market.
Technological globalization is the growing pace of technical dissemination throughout the international economy. It refers to the transfer of technology from advanced to developing countries worldwide. The price of relaying knowledge has decreased due to continuous technical improvement – often called “the killing of latency” – a crucial aspect of employing cloud computing to promote innovative techniques. In truth, one of the significant factors propelling globalization has been technical advancement. Technological advancements force businesses to go global by enhancing efficiencies of scale and the market growth necessary to fracture even.
The idea of increased efficiency refers to a decline in price levels for each input level as the flow rate or amount of the value created by an increase. Many analysts say that the marginal benefit for different sectors has risen. If the marginal benefit increases, the commercial sector may not attain the marketing needs of such groups. Many emerging nations possess major corporations of their own. On the other hand, firms may not constantly improve operational efficiency; there is a high capacity of effective outcome for any input data, and actions can occasionally go further, resulting in market failure.
The tax framework is a combination of linked pieces (components) in the sector of revenue that comprises the people’s fiscal health, the network defined by rules and charges, the accounting procedures, and the tax techniques. A suggested system for tax collection by a centralized global tax authority is known as the international tax regime or universal tax. Rules have changed existing economic systems to diversify their economy because companies are willing to be cheaper labor and other attractive industrial qualities in other nations. Many countries have engaged in tax competition to attract significant capital inputs.
Improved mobility of capital has also significantly contributed to globalization. There has also been a general reduction in capital restrictions, enabling money to flow among national sectors over the last few centuries. Companies’ ability to obtain financing has improved as a result of this. It has also strengthened the global financial markets’ interconnection.
The data reveal that globalization has various consequences on different aspects, either economic, cultural, or political. Shipping costs have fallen due to containerization’s effectiveness, rendering it more cost-effective to carry goods worldwide and assisting in the global market and manufacturing. The Global Market’s Influence on Digital Advancement is driving considerable adjustments to the way firms and governments generate new and creative goods. Globalization-related economic shifts increase the need for public expenditure while expanding the expense of raising tax revenue, putting financial strains on authorities in high countries.
Kelts, Roland. Japanamerica: How Japanese pop culture has invaded the US. St. Martin’s Press, 2006.
Napier, Susan Jolliffe. From impressionism to anime: Japan as fantasy and fan cult in the mind of the West. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Schodt, Frederik L. Dreamland Japan: Writings on modern manga. Stone Bridge Press, Inc., 2013.
Patten, Fred. Watching anime, reading manga: 25 years of essays and reviews. Stone Bridge Press, 2004.
Allison, Anne. Millennial monsters. University of California Press, 2006.