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Effective Teaching and Learning in Adult


Adult learning can be defined as educating adults to develop their minds and gain more skills. As people grow order, they tend to shift from dependent; thus, the way they are taught should be self-derived from the instructor-led method. They must be involved in the planning and evaluation of their teaching to engage fully. The teaching of adults is more advantageous as compared to teaching young people.

This is because adults are more experienced in their life and through this experience, knowledge can be leveraged as part of knowledge to be shared in class (Wlodkowski & Ginsberg., 2017). You still need to build a rapport with your learners and develop a teaching strategy that maximizes their learning outcomes since you may not require the same in engaging a class that would engage. For effective learning and teaching of adults, the following strategies should be utilized.

Keeping lesson relevant

Real-world filters are real-world filters. As noted earlier, children have less life experience than adults, and this comes with a reason why the teacher understands the whys and how’s in his materials. By connecting the lesson with their experience, they will automatically confirm your teachings if they are correct or not. This will make your lesson steak more in their minds if you make such experience and lesson connections.

The students understand and visualize how to apply what they are told in real life immediately; one includes real-world applications or lesson outcomes when teaching adults (Wlodkowski & Ginsberg., 2017). The teacher should give examples of times when his teaching should be applied in real life or the shortcoming if they fall to use. Through putting it in context, adult learns understands and learns, and retain the information.

Focusing on learner’s life experience

The teacher should not overwhelm a class with jargon if he teaches a master’s course for beginners. In the same case, don’t talk down to learners if you’re conducting business leaders a new recruiting strategy. In simple terms, familiar terms are addressed appropriately for their background, experience, and age when teaching adults. In some cases, the most appropriate way of teaching is through the use of buzzwords and acronyms (Wlodkowski & Ginsberg., 2017). This conveys your authority and experience within the Teaching field, and the learners are assured that you know what you are teaching. The use of new terms usually confuses the learner when you have a novice audience. The thinner should be able to follow what the teacher says without wasting time focusing on deciphering the meaning of the used terms.

When choosing how to approach teaching your master class, it is very important to consider the average age of the learners. Bearing in mind that young people might be updated on online trends, and older people may not. Most learners have a good response when the teacher uses already established frames of reference and limits jargon and slag use.

Storytelling while teaching 

For centuries, stories have been used as mnemonics. From recalling the order of notes in music to colors of the rainbow, learners are taught an important amount of information through converting to stories (Nesbit et al., 2020). Stories are powerful memory devices for adults. Storytelling harnesses adults’ emotions, which helps them retain the lesson since adult learners are more emotionally driven than youths.

The teacher should tie his story to the real world by telling how some were helped by your lesson and how it can help them. The teacher should choose powerful colors, images, and fonts that are evocative of particular emotions if he decides to use charts or slides to illustrate his master class. The learner should think of the educator who influenced them most in the past and the lesson that stands out. Think of methods used by the teacher to catch your interest, and stories were one of the methods; you can borrow some stories from there.

In case one has cognitive overload, the teacher can break up information

The teacher should aim to structure his master class into compartmentalized lessons that progress as you teach, even if adult learners are followers of more complex information than children (Nesbit et al., 2020). By breaking the master class down, the teacher can ensure all learners follow his teaching. He can build it up in time to ensure everybody is keeping up and recap each section. The key points in each topic should be highlighted through the use of slides or notes.

In order for learners to review what they learned, the teacher should provide materials after or before master class. The teacher should identify where individual sections begin and end and make bullets points and lists for each master class. This will help the teacher keep in the truck and help him improve his student’s outcomes (Wlodkowski & Ginsberg., 2017). I find the class discussion wanders away from your original subject, or you pause for a different reason; it will be easy to locate where you left and go on smoothly.

Feedback provision in the moment of need

To have a recap and answer questions and end of the lesson is good for the teacher to structure his teaching when creating master class, seminar, or online course. This will help adult leaner keep up with the teaching materials, and no learner will be left behind. If the master class covers a wide range of fabric or particles long, this will be of much importance. Immediately the teacher learns of any mistake in the teaching materials since interpretation disrupts learners’ concentration. This will prevent confusion to learners from irreverent ideas in the context. At any moment of need, it is better to interrupt your master class to ensure learners are kept on the right path rather than cycling back at a later stage.

The teacher should make material visually stimulating

When your slides and handout are plain, they become boring to the learner no matter the learner’s age. It is not only children who are appalled by colors but also adults. The leaners mind switches off immediately he finds the slides are boring. Through the use of diplomatic colors, pictures, and fonts, boosting the memorability of your master class and highlighting important information attracts learners’ attention.

The teacher should be careful about going too far with this tip; too many images or too many colors will also disrupt adult leaner (Nesbit et al., 2020). The learners will also be turned off when handouts and slides are overwhelming. In fact, the learner should aim to have one focal point on every page, hitting keywords in different font or color. The teacher should be aware that whatever he chooses out to stand will be remembered mostly and clearly by adult leaner.

The teacher should encourage the adults to participate in discussions and questions.

In contact with adults’ experience, the learners typically need to understand new material, and one of the best ways to make such connection is through talking. Allowing adults to learn to discuss their lesson and ask questions while teaching is a good way to help the learners stick the information in their minds.

This will also help the teacher stop any irreverent assumptions in adults’ minds and correct mistakes in their minds (Glass, 1996). Through allowing discussion in class, the teacher can find that the leaner are approaching in a way you had not envisioned. This will provide insights and invaluable feedback in your teaching, and the teacher gets time to adjust in real-time.

If you are offering online education, you must include an online live chart unordered for the learner to take notes, ask questions and comment you were torching.

This is because most learners are always reluctant to ask questions or communicate in a group setting, and allowing them to send a message and ask questions encourages them to participate.

The teacher needs to be flexible

Adults don’t need to be kept in a fixed rig schedule, unlike children, to keep learning. Structuring your course is a good idea to help frame your lessons progressively and logically and keep you on the truck (Glass, 1996). On the other hand, a teacher can allow short breaks without allowing learners to lose track of what has been taught.

The teacher has to trust in his learners on their passion for learning from him and their enthusiasm for your subject. You and your lessons are the most interesting thing when you host a master class for adult learners. This means your master class can flow more naturally when you relax a little bit. Another way to understand how your learners interact with your teaching and the information they take in class is by broadening the scope of discussion during the learning experience.

The learner has to listen with an open mind, and eventually, he will become a good educator. You’ll never understand where the authentic connection to your material came from when the teacher immediately closes down the discussion he thinks is irrelevant. Through the strategies above will lead to effective teaching and learning in adults. Since adults are responsible for self-concept, they have a psychological need to be seen by others as capable of self-direction.

This kind of statement explains a statement well said by William Yeats that education is all about lightening fire and not filling a bucket. Adults don’t have to be subject to hours PowerPoint or keep on reading, but the teacher offers an option how they can engage with the taught information (Glass, 1996). Adults should be provided with good opportunities to explore through discussion, resource links, and other tools that will help them embrace self-direction.

Through this, learners will automatically follow your motivation and theirs as they take part in your learning offering. They will higher value motivation as they connect with their experience.


When they have a car payment or mortgage in their hands, most adults are less interested in knowing things just for the sake. They need to know something that can help them in life, and Google can play a good role. In this case, if the adults are engaged in learning, they don’t need to read things for content or information; Ruther, they need to get information that greatly impacts their lives. This is the reason why most of the business schools have case studies like Harvard University.

The teacher should give the learner brief assignments that will enable them to make use of their learned information. The teacher should not shy off in providing his learner’s questions occasionally. The approach will make them move beyond their learning content and apply their learning.


Glass Jr, J. C. (1996). Factors affecting learning in older adults. Educational Gerontology: An International Quarterly22(4), 359-372.

Nesbit, T., Leach, L., & Foley, G. (2020). Teaching adults. In Dimensions of adult learning (pp. 74-95). Routledge.

Wlodkowski, R. J., & Ginsberg, M. B. (2017). Enhancing adult motivation to learn: A comprehensive guide for teaching all adults. John Wiley & Sons.


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