In criminal justice, research holds immense importance as it aids in making well-informed decisions and formulating effective policies. Research guides practitioners and policymakers toward effective strategies and interventions by offering evidence-based insights. Its significance lies in offering empirical grounds for decision-making procedures in criminal justice, empowering professionals to evaluate and endorse prevailing practices or question them if required. Moreover, a research-based approach to policy development guarantees that policies are well-founded in empirical evidence and effectively tackle criminal behavior patterns, trends, and root causes. Academic, peer-reviewed research and policy development by practitioners are not aligned. Closing this gap necessitates enhanced communication and collaboration between researchers and practitioners and endeavors to render research findings understandable and relevant in real-life scenarios.
Firstly, (Kubrin & Tublitz, 2022) posits that research should inform criminal justice decisions by providing a solid empirical foundation. Specialists can determine solid revelations that embrace or question current conventions by applying specific exploration techniques and high-level factual examination. By actively participating in this research, policymakers and practitioners can enhance their decision-making process on law enforcement strategies, sentencing guidelines, and crime prevention initiatives.
Moreover, the formulation of effective criminal justice policies hinges on thorough research. Effective policies must rely on empirical evidence to guarantee their relevance and potential for success. According to (Katharina. Kiener-menu, 2020), by using research findings, policymakers can detect patterns, trends, and causal factors connected to criminal behavior, thereby assisting in the formulation of targeted policies based on evidence. Unforeseen consequences can be revealed through investigation-specific policies, allowing policymakers to adjust or consider different methods. Criminal justice research done by academics and policy development by practitioners shows no correlations. This gap happens for many reasons. These reasons include differences in how people speak and communicate, problems inside organizations, and poor teamwork between scientists and professionals. Thus, practitioners need enhanced support and comprehension of the research undertaken in scholarly circles, leading to a divergence between theoretical knowledge and its implementation in practical scenarios.
Good ways for researchers and practitioners to talk and collaborate are significant. As (Gebo, 2022) suggests, a viable method is to foster and facilitate partnerships between academic institutions and criminal justice agencies. Through fostering these alliances, researchers can acquire a more profound insight into the practical challenges of practitioners, while practitioners can capitalize on the latest research findings and methodologies. Furthermore, (Boaz et al., 2018) posit that policymakers need to give higher importance to financial support for applied research that deals explicitly with the requirements and worries of professionals, ensuring that the research results are significant, reachable, and helpful in practical situations. Furthermore, efforts should be made to improve the dissemination of research findings in practitioner-friendly formats. It may involve creating plain language summaries, policy briefs, and practical toolkits that convert complicated research findings into usable information for professionals. Arranging training programs and workshops are another way to boost practitioners’ research literacy and provide them with the skills to assess and utilize research in their decision-making critically.
In conclusion, efforts to close the gap between academic research and practical implementation in criminal justice necessitate stakeholder collaboration, effective communication strategies, and a steadfast commitment to using evidence when making decisions. Bridging this gap ensures that research findings can positively influence policy development, leading to more effective and equitable criminal justice systems.
Discussion Prompt 1
Considering the difficulties faced when bridging academia with practitioners in criminal justice, what measures can be taken to enhance how research findings are shared with those working on-field? How can academic journals and researchers ascertain that their work is accessible and relevant for practitioners in the field?
Morrissey, J., Stodter, A., Sherratt, F., & Cole, M. D. (2023). Partnership between academics and practitioners – Addressing the challenges in forensic science. 63(1), 74–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2022.11.005
Discussion Prompt 2
When policymakers consider incorporating research findings into criminal justice policy development, what obstacles might they encounter? To facilitate the promotion of evidence-based policymaking, how can we address and overcome these barriers?
Fedorowicz, M., & Aron, L. (2021). Improving Evidence-Based Policymaking: A Review. https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/104159/improving-evidence-based-policymaking.pdf
Boaz, A., Hanney, S., Borst, R., O’Shea, A., & Kok, M. O. (2018). How to engage stakeholders in research: design principles to support improvement. 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-018-0337-6
Gebo, E. (2022). Intersectoral violence prevention: the potential of public health–criminal justice partnerships. 37(3). https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daac062
katharina.kiener-manu. (2020). Crime Prevention & Criminal Justice Module 2 Key Issues: 2a- Detailed Explanation of Tonry and Farrington’s Typology. Unodc.org. https://www.unodc.org/e4j/zh/crime-prevention-criminal-justice/module-2/key-issues/2a–detailed-explanation-of-tonry-and-farringtons-typology.html
Kubrin, C. E., & Tublitz, R. (2022). How to Think about Criminal Justice Reform: Conceptual and Practical Considerations. 47(6), 1050–1070. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-022-09712-6