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Biography on Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr., an American Baptist clergyman and civil rights leader, was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He became well-known for his philosophy of peaceful civil disobedience, which was founded on Christian principles and aimed at improving civil rights. In the history, he is known as one the most significant civil rights fighters and inspirational leaders. King is well recognized for the Birmingham Campaign, his famous speech, and his fight for African-Americans’ basic human rights. We may learn from King’s experience that nonviolence and peace are always preferable, and that people must speak up for the truth and fight for their freedom. This article gives a brief biography of Martin Luther King, evaluates his major accomplishments, compares my life experience to King’s, and discusses the lessons we may take from this civil rights leader.

On the 15th of January, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, Martin Luther King Jr. was born. Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist clergyman and social activist who helped organize civil rights organizations in the United States. Martin Luther King Jr. was the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, among other things (Anderson, 2010). The King’s inspirational speeches and activism were instrumental in ending legal segregation against African-Americans in the United States. In addition to the Voting Rights Act of 1965, King proposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Among many other awards, King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Martin Luther King Jr. was slain in 1968, but he remains one of history’s most inspirational and convincing African-American leaders. Martin Luther was a pivotal player in the battle against segregation and other social injustices perpetrated against minorities in the United States. In general, the King’s work and life have been honored with a national holiday, as well as public buildings and educational institutions.

Among his successes, the Birmingham Campaign can be named. Birmingham was one of the most racially divided cities in the United States until the 1960s. The majority of black people faced prejudice on both a cultural and legal level. As a result, Martin Luther King Jr. started a movement to end discrimination against African-Americans. He was able to enlist the help of young students and even youngsters. When the Birmingham police department used high-pressure water jets and even dogs that attacked children, the campaign was able to gain a commendable national reputation. Nonetheless, both white and black clergy opposed the King’s conduct, claiming that he committed risks and threatened the lives of the youngsters who participated in the demonstration (Anderson,2010-36). Martin Luther King Jr. was clearly able to eloquently set out his nonviolence hypothesis from the Birmingham jail.

King’s famed “I Have Dream” address, delivered to a crowd of more than 25,000 people during the Washington March from the platform of the Lincoln Memorial, is another notable performance. “Tell them about the dream Martin!” Martin Luther King Jr. said in the speech’s most famous phrase, departing from the wording drafted in response to Mahalia Jackson’s cry urging the King (Kirk, 2004). In essence, the speech is seen as a watershed moment in American civil rights history. This speech was voted the most popular American speech in a poll of scholars in 1999. King was able to expand his Civil Rights Movement into larger cities such as Los Angeles and Chicago from 1965 to 1967. Most of the young black power leaders were harshly critical of King and had public issues with him. Most black radicals were clearly alienated by King’s patience and nonviolent appeal and approach to white middle-class people, who saw his approaches as too late and too weak (Höhn & Klimke, 2010). Martin Luther King Jr. began drawing a link between poverty and discrimination to counteract this critique. In addition, he expanded his Civil Rights efforts to include the Vietnam War. According to the King, the nonviolent resistance ideology is the only way to cure society’s evil and provide justice to all people, regardless of race, ethnicity, nationality, or gender.

Nonetheless, Martin Luther King Jr.’s greatest notable achievement is the win for African-Americans’ basic civil rights. He clearly led and organized countless marches for labor rights, black voting rights, desegregation, and other basic civil rights that were denied to blacks by whites (Ling, 2015-56). Dr. King’s nonviolent protests and sacrifices culminated in legislative changes, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which abolished segregation in public places and prohibited job discrimination. As a result, King received the Nobel Peace Prize the following year. He was also a driving force behind the 1965 Voting Rights Act, which attempted to remove legal impediments to voting for African Americans. King was slain on April 4, 1968, after more than ten years of strong participation in the Civil Rights struggle. The King’s initiatives fulfilled their aims when the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were enacted into law. Martin Luther King Jr. was essentially a social reformer and humanitarian who battled for African-American civil rights. African-Americans were allowed to enjoy some of the same basic civil rights as whites as a result of his effort.

People should also take away from King’s story the lesson that doing the right thing is always a good idea. People will be able to positively impact the lives of others by doing so. King’s story also teaches people the value of helping others, especially during difficult times. Martin Luther King Jr. also aided people in realizing their full potential by ensuring that their fundamental rights were protected and that they were treated fairly. People can learn from King’s story that they should not give up on their aspirations since dreams require brave and fearful people to achieve them. People must, in essence, stand up for the truth and fight for their rights.

Martin Luther King Jr. was a powerful leader from whom we can all learn a lot. From 1955 through 1968, he motivated others, both black and white, to speak out against racial prejudice. He was devoted, patient, and determined. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s dream of African-American equality may have appeared out of reach to some. He realized that things would not change overnight but they could change. He was innovative and he thought outside of the box. He felt he had to attempt something fresh, so he took a different approach to racial discrimination than most. He was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s peaceful teachings and his Christian faith, and he sincerely believed what he said: “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that.” Hate will not be able to drive out hatred; only love will be able to do so.” He was tenacious, and his convictions were firm. He would get back up no matter how many times he was knocked down and keep pushing forward to make his dream a reality.


Anderson, H. C. (2010). King: A Comics Biography. Seattle, Wash: Fantagraphics.

Höhn, M., & Klimke, M. (2010). A Breath of Freedom: the Civil Rights Struggle, African American GIs, and Germany (p. p6). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ling, P. J. (2015). Martin Luther King, Jr. Routledge.

Kirk, J. A. (2004). Martin Luther King, Jr. Journal of American Studies38(2), 329-347.


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