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MPU Case Study – Related to SDG 4 & 16

Introduction to Integrity and Anti-Corruption

When discussing integrity and Anti-Corruption, the person refers to ethical requirements and morals. The two words are frequently used in various disciplines to refer to the societal fabric of ethics and code of conduct. As globalization embraces multiple aspects of professionalism among diversified nations, societies, and the world, it is vital also to be involved in addressing integrity issues through anti-corruption organizations. It is, therefore, crucial to note the universally accepted definition of integrity and anti-corruption before digging deep into the twin words (Anantri et al., 2022). Integrity is, therefore, defined as the strong adherence or alignment to strong moral principles and ethical values despite an individual’s situation. On the other hand, anti-corruption is defined as the collective efforts of organizations and individuals to combat and eliminate unethical issues and fraudulent activities within society. Integrity always enhances the process of building trust, which is integral to transparency, accountability, and ethical behaviors.

The process of pushing for efforts against corruption is integral to various activities that involve various teams such as the government and law reinforcement organizations like the judicial bodies in every country (Bhagat & Jha, 2024). The team cooperatively works together to design laws and systems that discourage corrupt practices and enforce penalties that would discourage an individual intending to engage in the same act. Some anti-corruption measures that can be implemented include strengthening legal frameworks and improving investigative and judicial organizations.

Some of the integral organizations associated with curbing anti-corruption organizations include governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and some civil society, which play a crucial role in fighting corruption. The ultimate goal of anti-corruption initiatives is to create a friendly working environment within public and private institutions by upholding ethical standards and ensuring that both available resources are used and allocated appropriately (Gu & Jia, 2022). By addressing corruption promptly, society aims to enhance institutions’ trust and promote fair competition. This paper will, therefore, analyze some of the crucial aspects of integrity and anti-corruption in a case study on Alibaba firing a woman who claimed to have been sexually assaulted by a client and a fellow college.

Definition, Importance of Integrity, and Anti-corruption

Integrity: Professional integrity is defined as the quality of being honest, with organizational and personal principles, alongside adhering to solid morals and upholding ethical standards.

Anti-corruption: Defined as the strategies and steps taken by either individual or organizational bodies such as the government and NGOs in preventing, eliminating, and combating fraudulent and corrupt activities within the public and private institutions and extending to the personal level (Campra et al., 2023).

Importance of studying integrity and anti-corruption in the professional field

Studying integrity and anti-cooperation in a professional field is crucial to an organization and the individual in a diverse aspect. Which is explained below:

Enhance Leadership: Understanding the concept of integrity and anti-corruption is fundamental for aspiring effective leadership with prompt and ethical skills that would positively impact an individual leader through team cooperation and creating workplace culture.

Organizational Reputation: Building a corporate reputation involves a set of activities that the organization undertakes in interacting with society and the process of enhancing integrity and fighting corruption (Husseins, 2023).

Legal Compliance: Understanding the principles of integrity and anti-corruption enhances and aligns the organization with the legal requirements, thus avoiding most fines attached to unethical conduct. Most organizations that are well informed with integrity always adhere to the legal requirements.

Risk Management: Being well informed about integrity and anti-corruption serves as a chance to conduct risk management. The concepts learned can be used to analyze an organization’s corruption risk and strategize on the best ways to curb fraudulent acts before their event (Jones, 2022).

Corporate Social Responsibility: Integrity and anti-corruption efforts are integral to CSR initiatives. Businesses are expected to positively contribute to ety, which will be enhanced through delving into and understanding the concepts of integrity and anti-corruption.

Process of Choosing a Case Study

Definition of the Research Purpose: This entails articulating the purpose of the case study through the exploration of whether the goals are aimed at exploring a specific problem, understanding the phenomenon, and testing the theoretical framework of private insight into the real-world situation (Martin-Russu, 2022)

Identify the Scope and Boundaries: Involves defining the boundaries of the chosen case study. This can be enhanced by clearly specifying the scope, including the time limits to which the case study should be conducted, the geographic location where the case study will be shown, and relevant contextual factors about the case study. This helps break down the focus and ensures the case study remains manageable and can be actualized within the stipulated time frame.

Select the Type of Case Study: This involves deciding on the type and nature of the case study that aligns with the research objectives and the intended outcomes. One can choose from common types, including exploratory, explanatory, descriptive, or instrumental case studies. Each type serves different research purposes and requires distinct approaches that one should understand before starting the associated research (Mutalibovna, 2022)

Choose a Relevant Case: Identify potential cases that integrate with the research question or objectives, considering whether the issue is revelatory, typically critical, or unique. The researcher should also ensure that the chosen point provides meaningful insights and contributes to the research objectives.

Conduct a Literature Review: This entails reviewing existing literature to understand the context of the chosen topic and identify gaps that provide relevance to the case study in terms of knowledge. This step helps ensure that the selected case contributes to the existing body of research and provides a nuanced perspective.

Evaluate Feasibility: The researcher should assess the feasibility of studying the selected case. Some factors to be considered include data availability, access to relevant shareholders, ethical considerations, and logistical constraints. Ensure that the issue is viable for in-depth investigation.

Consider Multiple Perspectives: The process entails evaluating the case from different perspectives and assessing whether the case study will offer a holistic view of the phenomenon or issues while considering various stakeholders, attitudes, and contextual factors (NITA, 2022).

Ensure Relevance to the Audience: Consider the audience or intended readership of the case study. Ensure the chosen case is relevant and exciting to the target audience, whether academic researchers, practitioners, policymakers, or the general public.

Pilot Testing: Before committing to a particular case, consider pilot testing. This involves preliminary data collection or a small-scale investigation to assess the feasibility of the study, identify potential challenges, and refine the research design.

Finalize the Case Selection: Based on the consideration and evaluations, finalizing the selection of the case study serves a vital position in ensuring that the researcher is set to conduct the case study as initially intended. Ensure that the chosen case aligns with the research purpose, contributes to the literature, and provides valuable insights (Dela Rama, 2022).

Develop Research Questions and Objectives: The researcher should clearly define the research questions and goals that will direct the case study analysis and evaluation. This criterion helps maintain focus and ensure that the study addresses the identified research spaces, thus ensuring the research remains valuable. By following the strategic processes mentioned above in choosing a case study, the research is assured of achieving well-structured outcome research.

 Application of Ethical Values and Professionalism to the Case Study

Application of the ethical issues and professionalism to the case study of Alibaba firing a woman who claimed to have been sexually assaulted entails consideration of various aspects of integrity, fairness, and provision of justice together with upholding human rights. Some of the applications include:

Believing and Supporting the Survivor: The ethical issues advocate that an organization should ensure the well-being of employees. With regard to the Alibaba case of sexual assault, a professional approach would involve conducting a serious investigation into the matter to attain fairness and justice for all the involved parties.

Transparency and Accountability: Professionalism requires transparency to address workplace issues. Alibaba ought to provide factual and precise information concerning the investigation and the worker’s dismissal to maintain the trust and credibility that existed initially.

Protection from Retaliation: Moral work environments focus on safeguarding representatives from the counter when they approach grievances. In this situation, the lady affirms that she was terminated for standing up. Moral qualities request a promise to safeguard informants and guarantee they do not confront unfriendly ramifications for revealing wrongdoing.

Legal Compliance and Due Process: Maintaining moral qualities includes conforming to applicable regulations and guaranteeing fair treatment. Alibaba ought to ensure that its activities, including the lady’s and the partner’s excusal, stick to legitimate norms. Giving appropriate and fair treatment to all gatherings is fundamental for excelling in incredible skill (Jerome & Anekwe, 2022).

Conclusion and Reflection

In conclusion, this article entails a discussion of the and critical analysis of ethical issues with vital evaluation of integrity and anti-corruption not only from a theoretical perspective but also in real-life situations with the support of a case study from Alibaba, which entailed the management of Alibaba firing a female worker who claimed to have been sexually assaulted by a client and one of the colleagues. The excusal of a woman who claimed sexual assault prompts reflection on the significance of encouraging transparency, responsibility, and steady hierarchical societies. Maintaining honesty requires a guarantee to accept and safeguard survivors, dispose of poisonous work environment standards, and consistently further develop reactions to such episodes. As society wrestles with evolving developments like #MeToo, organizations like Alibaba are obligated to contribute decidedly, guaranteeing that moral contemplations guide activities and that work environments become safe havens of regard and decency for all.


Anantri, F. S., Astrovanapoe, S. U., & Putri, A. A. (2022). The Young Generation with Integrity as the Encouragement of Anti-Corruption Character Education. Journal of Creativity Student7(2).

Bhagat, G., & Jha, K. N. (2024). Investigating the Relationship of the Integrity Climate of a Public Organization with Corruption in Construction Projects. Journal of Management in Engineering40(1), 04023064.

Campra, M., Esposito, P., & Brescia, V. (2023). Corporate social responsibility and technological perspectives in healthcare: An exploratory analysis of the evolution of the anti‐corruption system through multiple case studies. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management.

Gu, X., & Jia, L. (2022). Modernizing Construction Of Integrity: A Conceptual Proposal for Technical Means of Anti-corruption. Advances in Education, Humanities and Social Science Research1(3), 143-143.

Hussein, M. K. (2023). Integrity Committees as Anti-Corruption Strategies in Malawi’s Public Service: Opportunities and Challenges. Journal of Public Administration and Development Alternatives (JPADA)8(1), 17-29.

Jones, D. S. (2022). Challenges in combating corruption in Malaysia: leadership, culture and money politics. Public Administration and Policy25(2), 136–149.

Martin-Russu, L. (2022). Introduction: The European Paradox of Expecting Corrupt Political Elites to Lead the Fight Against Corruption. In Deforming the Reform: The Impact of Elites on Romania’s Post-accession Europeanization (pp. 1-17). Cham: Springer International Publishing.


NITA, N. (2022). Anti-corruption education is the outline of a simple and easy-to-implement model. Acta Universitatis George Bacovia (Juridica)11(2).

Dela Rama, M. J., Lester, M. E., & Staples, W. (2022). The Challenges of Political Corruption in Australia, the Proposed Commonwealth Integrity Commission Bill (2020), and the Application of the APUNCAC. Laws11(1), 7.

Jerome, A., & Anekwe, J. U. (2022). Addressing Corruption in Tertiary Institutions: Implications for Curriculum Development. J Adv Educ Philos6(11), 560-563.


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