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Assessing the Damage of the 2022 Amazon Rainforest Fires: Human Agency and Environmental Consequences


The Amazon rainforest fires in 2021 remained an excellent illustration of how people could harm nature. Relating to the selected environmental catastrophe in some more detail, this essay concentrates on causes and results along with moral implications lying within it. The fires in the Amazon rainforest of August 2023 destroyed their ecosystem because they were purposely set by land grabbers who acted with impunity under legal protection enacted against environmental policies during Bolsonaro’s term.

Description of the Event

Another significant stage amount of enhancing environmental crisis is the Amazon fires that occurred in August 2008; hence, it recorded Incidents for I-day. This is the worst number since July-9, although this horrible pattern was observed throughout the entire month and finally reached 33116 illegal fire hotspots. The distinct feature of these fires is that they did not arise out of negligence but were intentionally lit by illegal land grabbers who were enabled in the pursuit some policy implementation (Greenberg, 202). This deliberate human interruption that distinguishes these blazes from a purely natural wildfire concurs with the overwhelming need to overturnreactive fire control and problematic factors contributing tothis environmental catastrophe.

The long-lasting impact of the Amazon fires is not just restricted to environmental degradation; rather, it also affects biodiversity and local tribes, besides affecting the global climate. Removing large areas of rainforest is not only a loss of millions and even billions of plant and animal species that can be found there, but it also disrupts essential ecosystem cycles. The native population, whose life directly depends on the Amazon resources, gets removed from its natural habitat and loses its traditional way of living. Moreover, large quantities of carbon dioxide in the air contribute to global warming, irreversibly affecting lives everywhere. In light of recent events in August 2021, international cooperation is needed to revive natural resources while implementing new norms and standards that are stricter, along with support for sustainable practices that promote the preservation of Amazon rainforests and contribute positively towards global ecological equilibrium.

Consequences for Living and Non-Living Things

Amazon fires affect the non-living components and other living materials as they leave traces of biological balance. For the native and traditional communities that live in the Amazon, these fires immediately threaten their health and lives. These communities are custodians of the environment who had an age-old pastime – responsible use of fire and now face health complications as well as shattered lives after wildfire disasters. The fires not only disturb their immediate area but also destroy the delicate relationship these communities had formed with forest after decades. The disappearance of biodiversity further increases the difficulties as Amazon biomes are reaching a fatal stage.

Concurrently, effects extend to non-living entities, symbolizing the world’s anxiety concerning rural deforestation. However, the destruction cycle revolves around agribusiness with the endless hunger for meat consumption, where boundaries of deforestation and ecological degradation are on expansion. A delicate life network in the Amazon, from microbes to teeth-things, is stripped with a razor edge future, and effects transcend local boundaries. Apart from the living organisms, there are also changes in climate patterns that occur due to fires and lead them to change the non-living elements of the earth’s system. As a result, the consequences go beyond destroying nature and are expressed in ecosystems that require humane behavior and international cooperation to maintain sustainable practices amid these interlinked challenges.

Assessing Moral Responsibility

An extended discourse on human agency helps assess the moral accountability for Amazon fires. The focus of this appraisal shall be a review of the policies and actions taken by Bolsonaro’s government that contributed to the destruction of nature. The deliberate plan to destroy institutions mandated to enforce environmental law and massive budget cuts on agencies supposed to nurture nature created a situation where illegal activities can flourish (Greenberg, 2021). Therefore, the rising rates of deforestation and failed retardancies for fire during Bolsonaro’s rule have been a shameful reflection to condemn the government’s failure in contributing to a worsening crisis with clear ethical pitfalls.

Therefore, on the grounds of moral imputability, actors who start fires, procedural and institutional levels may be incorporated. When the discussion concerns moral responsibility in this context, it is not enough to blame an individual for what they have done but analyze organizational issues and governmental laws that have contributed to such tragedies. In this broader context, the need to address symptoms as well as hidden causes of environmental crises is emphasized by responsible governance and ethical decision that addresses their sustainable coexistence between human beings and planet earth.

Global Climate Impact

The Amazon rainforest which is known as the lungs of Earth plays a vital role in earth’s climate race control system. Its vegetative cover captures and stores enormous carbon dioxide concentrations during photosynthesis; the process contributes to climate change mitigation through becoming a huge sink for this gas. However, this natural balance has been severely disrupted by the constant deforestation and wildfires in Amazon. The phenomenon of the release into the atmosphere volume bodies stored carbon deepens global warming and increases total concentrations greenhouse gases. If deforestation continues at its current rate, scientists believe that the Amazon could reach a tipping point and start showing irreversible changes in vegetations from luxurious rainforests to savannah like (Greenberg 2021).

The very thought of changing the Amazon to a savannah will not only injure its colossal biodiversity but also puts various sensitive global concerns at peril. The Amazon’s ecosystem may considerably disrupt which can have implication on the local and global climates. The goal of achieving the international climate objectives would be made even harder due to this critical carbon. Moreover, such a shift would echo on the global level since it might affect climates throughout the world and change yields of agricultural products while also influencing sea levels. Through greater knowledge of the need to act against Amazon deforestation, international forces are now trying at supporting sustainable practices and conservation efforts that will preserve this crucial natural resource from unwarranted destruction in all its implications for a changing planet.

Impacts on Communities

The effects of the Amazon fires do not end in environmental pollution but continue with negative impacts even on human populations. In addition to this, it covers the whole rainforest with its deadly smoke and is also a grave health hazard for people living in or around this place. Inhalation of this carcinogenic smoke may also cause respiratory and cardiovascular complications as well other related health issues that will swamp the residents who live in communities even within Amazon basin. In addition, the growing health hazards due to contaminated air extend these communities’ problems, particularly during the outbreak of coronavirus disease worldwide. The interdependence of the complications from smoke respiratory symptoms on susceptibility to viral infections increases health risks is also cluster crisis for it sufferers.

The numerous consequences of the Amazon fires are well illustrated by photos that capture images with brown-black skies in cities such as Sao Paulo. However, apart from the apparent hazards to public health, these illustrations show how human welfare is linked with environmental contamination. But the careless combustion of Amazon has not only destroyed important biodiversity but also exposed lives and livelihoods to more danger in this rainforest. Faced with the dual dilemma of environmental degradation and public health disasters, there is a pressing need for an integrative solution that will ensure sustainability – both ecologically and politically.

Preventing and Combating Fires

This suggests a major change of direction in tackling the increasing threat that fire poses to Amazon: prevent fires since such an effective fight against active blazes in such large rainforest is virtually impossible. However, to bolster the prevention strategies all that is needed in capturing the erosion of environmental law enforcement mechanisms. A set of such crucial steps includes the implementation of appropriate strategies, which are law-binding “Protected Areas” and recognition to designate indigenous lands while considering traditional communities’ rights (Greenberg, 2021). Furthermore, the more pressing issue of worldwide deforestation with a specific focus on solving how to meat industry contributes towards it is crucial in ensuring that sustainable and healthy long-term strategies are created for preserving essential biodiversity which provides valuable natural balance in this Amazonian rainforest.


The 2022 Amazon rainforest fires are, indeed, a serious environmental catastrophe with an impact that goes far beyond nature and even human civilization. The moral responsibility associated with this incident suggests a very important role in human agency, especially that of the Bolsonaro government policies. Immediate actions, such as reversing the environmental law enforcement dismantling and recognizing Indigenous Lands can be also important in order to prevent further damage of Amazon along with mitigating global impact on an ecosystem crisis.


Greenberg, C. (2022, September 5). Amazon rainforest fires 2022: Facts, causes, and climate impacts. Greenpeace.


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