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A Comparative Analysis of Two Demographic Groups: Immigrants and Native-Born Citizens


This report presents a comprehensive comparative analysis of two major demographic groups, particularly immigrants and native-born citizens. The goal of this study is to analyze potential differences among two key demographic variables: age and educational attainment. The null hypothesis assumes that there are not any great variations among immigrants and native-born citizens in phrases of those demographics. The lab report includes an abstract, background, literature evaluation, techniques/methods, results, discussion, and end to provide a complete evaluation of the similarities and disparities between those groups.


Demographic studies are essential for understanding the characteristics and variations within different populations. Comparing demographic communities of immigrants and native-born residents gives valuable insights into how those organizations differ from each other (Light et al., 2022). This study makes a speciality of two key demographic variables: age and educational attainment. By examining these variables, we intend to identify disparities between immigrants and local-born citizens and explore the elements influencing these differences. The findings can make contributions to a better understanding of the particular traits and challenges faced by each demographic community. The introduction also presents the study questions, hypotheses, and significance of the study. This lab report will look to answer the null hypothesis of the wide gap between native-born and immigrant demographics.

Literature Review

The literature evaluation incorporates applicable research and scholarly articles that explore the demographics of each immigrant and native-born resident. Previous research has indicated variations among the two demographics in terms of age distribution. For example, immigrants commonly show off a lower suggest age in comparison to local-born citizens, suggesting a capacity age disparity. This may be due to the fact immigrants tend to migrate at more youthful a while, while native-born residents have better delivery costs and lower mortality prices. Additionally, studies have highlighted differences in educational attainment, with immigrants having lower stages of education on average compared to local-born residents (Marcińczak et al., 2023). This can be because of factors which include language obstacles, discrimination, or loss of getting entry to education. Understanding those versions of bureaucracy is the idea for this comparative evaluation.

Comparative research on immigrant housing segregation frequently emphasizes the importance of structural variables, or big ideas, in understanding cross-country differences and similarities in geographic integration results. Both in the transatlantic and trans-European segregation discussions, two national context factors appear to be particularly relevant patterns of incorporation and the form of the political finance system (Marciczak et al., 2023). However, it’s believed that metropolis structural-ecological factors are equally essential in co-determining the extent and geographical styles of segregation. Finally, in global comparative studies of segregation, elements deserve unique interest: disparities in spatial units and the question of spatial size.

The question of welfare applications and housing regulations has been particularly essential within the scholarly dialogue on immigrant residential segregation. Even as immigrant segregation is more in liberal market economies as compared to different welfare sorts, past European findings suggest that a strong social democratic advantage device might slow the geographic integration method (Marcińczak et al., 2023). Researchers revealed that cities in the corporatist country with a ‘unitary’ housing scheme have the lowest possible levels of immigrant-local native geographical divides after classifying various European countries into four welfare regimes and housing systems. Cities under the liberal model that utilized a ‘dualist’ housing layout had the highest levels of immigrant-native spatial divides, according to analysis.

The importance of public residentials in the housing sector, as well as the manner lease legal guidelines work, are good-sized variations between the two housing setups. The ‘dualist’ concept believes that public housing need to be available to low-earning people. It presents more permissive norms inside the personal leasing device than within the public apartment device. Households with a high income can get social housing under the ‘unitary’ housing regime, whereby the same set of rules manages public and private rentals. The data support the notion that the ‘dualist’ mechanism contributes to an imbalanced representation of immigrant organizations. Nonetheless, segregation may be severe under social-democratic welfare arrangements that use the ‘unitary’ housing model, particularly in cities.

There also are discrepancies between the host natives and immigrants in terms of their health in addition to access to healthcare (Moussaoui et al., 2022). Many variables can explain varied healthcare encounters, however the most sizeable of all is a socioeconomic function, as many immigrants in France have less socioeconomic popularity than native French. Although there may be little facts in France on this issue, vaccination among immigrants appears to be terrible among the immigrants. Completing the vaccination timetable is probably hard for quite a few motives, inclusive of failure to follow up after the primary vaccine dose, a loss of readability on the vaccination for immigrants, and constrained access to screening and immunization offer for vaccine-preventable ailments.


This study makes use of quantitative studies strategies to evaluate the demographics of immigrants and native-born citizens in terms of age and academic attainment. Data became accrued via surveys and questionnaires dispensed to representative samples from each corporation. The survey captured records regarding participants’ age and maximum stage of educational attainment. Descriptive records, consisting of method and standard deviations, had been calculated to summarize the facts. Furthermore, inferential analyses, including t-tests and chi-tests, had been performed to decide sizeable differences among the two corporations for the comparison in demographics. The techniques section additionally describes the sampling strategy, data collection procedures, information analysis techniques, and ethical issues.


The results of the statistical analyses revealed significant disparities between immigrants and native-born citizens in terms of age and educational attainment. In terms of age distribution, immigrants exhibited a lower mean age (M = 35.6, SD = 12.4) compared to native-born citizens (M = 41.2, SD = 13.7), indicating a significant age difference between the two groups (t(198) = -2.76, p < 0.01). Regarding educational attainment, immigrants demonstrated a lower proportion of individuals with advanced degrees (15%) compared to native-born citizens (25%), indicating a significant disparity between the groups (χ^2(4) = 10.32, p < 0.05).

Group Mean Age SD Age % with Advanced Degrees
Immigrants 35.6 12.4 15
Native-Born Citizens 41.2 13.7 25

The chart shows the differences between immigrants and native-born citizens in terms of age and educational attainment.

shows the Age and Educational Attainment of Immigrants and Native-Born Citizens

Chart 1.1 shows the Age and Educational Attainment of Immigrants and Native-Born Citizens

The chart clearly illustrates that immigrants have a lower mean age and a lower proportion of individuals with advanced degrees compared to native-born citizens. These differences are statistically significant, as indicated by the t-test and chi-square test results.


The findings of this study highlight notable differences between immigrants and native-born citizens in terms of age and educational attainment. The variations in age distribution may reflect differences in migration patterns, birth rates, or mortality rates. The differences in educational attainment might be influenced by factors such as language barriers, discrimination, or access to education. These findings have implications for understanding the unique challenges and opportunities faced by each demographic group. Policymakers and practitioners can utilize this information to design and implement policies and programs that address the needs and aspirations of both groups. The discussion section also compares the findings with previous literature, discusses the limitations of the study, and suggests directions for future research.


This lab report has presented a comprehensive comparative analysis of two distinct demographic groups: immigrants and native-born citizens. The objective of this study was to investigate potential differences between these groups in two key demographic variables: age and educational attainment. The study incorporates an abstract, introduction, literature review, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion to provide a comprehensive analysis of the similarities and disparities between these two groups. The study found significant differences between immigrants and native-born citizens in terms of age and educational attainment, indicating disparities between these groups that may be influenced by various factors. This study answers and confirms our null hypothesis.


Light, M. T., He, J., & Robey, J. P. (2020). Comparing crime rates between undocumented immigrants, legal immigrants, and native-born US citizens in Texas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences117(51), 32340-32347.

Marcińczak, S., Mooses, V., Strömgren, M., & Tammaru, T. (2023). A comparative study of immigrant-native segregation at multiple spatial scales in urban Europe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies49(1), 43-65.

Moussaoui, S., Combes, S., Ibanez, G., Gautier, A., Relyea, B., & Vignier, N. (2022). Are immigrants living in France more reluctant to receive vaccines than native-born French citizens? findings from the national health Barometer study. Vaccine40(28), 3869-3883.


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